9780816508990

English Words from Latin and Greek Elements

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780816508990

  • ISBN10:

    0816508992

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 5/1/1986
  • Publisher: UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA PRESS

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Summary

Since 1965,Donald Ayers'English Words from Latin and Greek Elementshas helped thousands of students to a broader vocabulary by showing them how to recognize classical roots in modern English words. Its second edition, published in 1986, has confirmed that vocabulary is best taught by root, not rote. The importance of learning classical word roots is already acknowledged by vocabulary texts that devote chapters to them. Why a whole book based on this approach? Ayers' text exposes students to a wider range of roots, introduces new English words in context sentences, and reinforces vocabulary through exercises. It promotes more practice with roots so that students learn to use them as tools in their everyday encounters with new words.English Wordsis written from the standpoint of English; it neither attempts to teach students Latin or Greek nor expects a knowledge of classical languages on the part of instructors. Its success has been demonstrated at both the secondary and college levels, and it can be used effectively with students in remedial or accelerated programs. An Instructor's Manual (gratis with adoption) and a Workbook are also available.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition xi(3)
From the Preface to the First Edition xiv(3)
Acknowledgments xvii(1)
Books on the Study of Words xviii(4)
Proto-Indo-European Language Chart
xxii
Introduction: The Indo-European Family of Languages 1(5)
The Development of the English Vocabulary 6(10)
PART I: WORD ELEMENTS FROM LATIN 16(127)
Lesson I: The Dictionary
16(10)
Lesson II: Definition
26(9)
Latin Bases
27(8)
Lesson III: Assimilation of Prefixes
35(5)
Prefixes
37(3)
Lesson IV: Abbreviations and Acronyms
40(6)
Prefixes
42(4)
Lesson V: Back Formations, Apheresis, and Aphesis
46(6)
Prefixes
48(4)
Lesson VI: Combinations of Bases
52(5)
Numerals
54(3)
Lesson VII: Hybrids
57(3)
Lesson VIII: Suffixes
60(5)
Adjective-forming Suffixes
61(4)
Lesson IX: Word Analysis: Etymological Definition
65(5)
Adjective-forming Suffixes
67(3)
Lesson X: Dissimilation and Other Sound Changes
70(5)
Adjective-forming Suffixes
72(3)
Lesson XI: Semantic Change
75(7)
Adjective-forming Suffixes
79(3)
Lesson XII: Specialization and Generalization of Meaning
82(4)
Adjective-forming Suffixes
84(2)
Lesson XIII: Functional Change
86(4)
Adjective-forming Suffixes
87(3)
Lesson XIV: Degeneration and Elevation of Meaning
90(4)
Noun-forming Suffixes
91(3)
Lesson XV: Change from Abstract to Concrete, and Vice Versa
94(4)
Noun-forming Suffixes
95(3)
Lesson XVI: Weakening and Hyperbole
98(3)
Noun-forming Suffixes
99(2)
Lesson XVII: Change of Meaning Due to Changing Concepts
101(5)
Diminutive Suffixes
103(3)
Lesson XVIII: Euphemism, Taboo Deformation, and Circumlocution
106(6)
Noun-forming Suffixes
110(2)
Lesson XIX: Folk Etymology
112(4)
Noun-forming Suffixes
113(3)
Lesson XX: Clipped Words
116(4)
Verb-forming Suffix
117(3)
Lesson XXI: Blends
120(4)
Verb-forming Suffix
122(2)
Lesson XXII: Doublets
124(4)
Lesson XXIII: Latinisms in Shakespeare
128(4)
Lesson XXIV: Metathesis
132(4)
Uncommon Meanings
133(3)
Lesson XXV: Latin Words and Phrases in English
136(7)
Index of Words Appearing in Context (Latin)
143(6)
List of Prefixes
149(1)
List of Suffixes
149(1)
List of Bases
150(8)
PART TWO: WORD ELEMENTS FROM GREEK 158(123)
Introduction 158(2)
Lesson I: Words from Greek Mythology
160(10)
Lesson II: Words from Greek History and Philosophy
170(8)
Lesson III: Greek Bases
178(5)
Lesson IV: Combinations of Bases
183(4)
Prefixes
184(3)
Lesson V: Homonyms
187(5)
Prefixes
188(4)
Lesson VI: Reduplication and Onomatopoeia
192(4)
Prefixes
193(3)
Lesson VII: Loan Words
196(5)
Suffixes
198(3)
Lesson VIII: Word Analysis
201(3)
Adjective-forming Suffixes
202(2)
Lesson IX: Place Names
204(7)
Noun-forming Suffixes
208(3)
Lesson X: Expressions
211(4)
Noun-forming Suffixes
213(2)
Lesson XI: Words from Religion: Christian Sources
215(5)
Noun-forming Suffixes
217(3)
Lesson XII: Words from Religion: Non-Christian Sources
220(7)
Combining Forms
222(5)
Lesson XIII: Sea Terms
227(4)
Combining Forms
228(3)
Lesson XIV: Words from Sports and Games
231(5)
Combining Forms
233(3)
Lesson XV: Military Terms
236(4)
Verb-forming Suffix
238(2)
Lesson XVI: The Arts
240(5)
Numerals
242(3)
Lesson XVII: The Law
245(3)
Lesson XVIII: Literary Terms
248(5)
Lesson XIX: Terms from Various Occupations
253(4)
Lesson XX: Scientific Language
257(5)
Suffixes Used in Medical Terms
258(4)
Lesson XXI: Combining Forms Used in Medical Terms
262(3)
Lesson XXII: Combining Forms Used in Medical Terms
265(4)
Lesson XXIII: Combining Forms
269(3)
Lesson XXIV: Suffixes Used in Scientific Terminology
272(4)
Lesson XXV: Diminutive Suffixes
276(5)
Index of Words Appearing in Context (Greek) 281(4)
List of Prefixes 285(1)
List of Suffixes and Combining Forms 285(1)
List of Bases 286

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