9780415259217

Epistemology: Contemporary Readings

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780415259217

  • ISBN10:

    0415259215

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 5/31/2002
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

This comprehensive anthology draws together classic and contemporary readings by leading philosophers on epistemology. Ideal for any philosophy student, it will prove essential reading for epistemology courses, and is designed to complement Robert Audi's textbook Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 1998).Themes covered include, perception, memory, inductive inference, reason and the a priori, the architecture of knowledge, skepticism, the analysis of knowledge, testimony. Each section begins with an introductory essay, guiding students into the topic.Includes articles by:Russell, Hume, Berkeley, Malcolm, Quine, Carnap, J.L. Austin, Pollock, Nozick, Putnam, G.E. Moore, Huemer, Reid, Plato, BonJour, Coady, Carroll, Fumerton, Edwards, Foster, Howson, Urbach, Stove, Empiricus, Oakley, Alston, Gettier, Clark, Goldman, Lehrer, Paxson, DeRose, Dretske, Klein and Chisholm

Table of Contents

Preface v
Acknowledgements ix
Introduction: A Narrative Survey of Classical and Contemporary Positions in Epistemology 1(26)
PART I: SOURCES OF JUSTIFICATION AND KNOWLEDGE
Perception
27(58)
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
32(5)
John Locke
Of The Principles of Human Knowledge
37(9)
George Berkeley
``Of the Academical or Sceptical Philosophy''
46(5)
David Hume
Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man
51(13)
Thomas Reid
The Problems of Philosophy
64(10)
Bertrand Russell
Sense and Sensibilia
74(11)
J.L. Austin
Memory
85(40)
``Memory''
88(3)
Bertrand Russell
``A Definition of Factual Memory''
91(13)
Norman Malcolm
``Reasoning and Memory''
104(9)
John Pollock
Joseph Cruz
``The Problem of Memory Knowledge''
113(12)
Michael Huemer
Reason and the a Priori
125(92)
Meno
131(11)
Plato
Critique of Pure Reason
142(10)
Immanuel Kant
The Problems of Philosophy
152(14)
Bertrand Russell
``The Elimination of Metaphysics''
166(10)
A.J. Ayer
``Two Dogmas of Empiricism''
176(18)
W.V. Quine
Philosophical Foundations of Physics
194(14)
Rudolf Carnap
``Appendix: Non-Euelidean Geometry and Relativity''
208(9)
Laurence BonJour
Testimony
217(36)
Essay Concerning Human Understanding
219(2)
John Locke
``Of Miracles''
221(13)
David Hume
Inquiry into the Human Mind
234(5)
Thomas Reid
``Testimony and Observation''
239(14)
C.A.J. Coady
PART II: THE STRUCTURE AND GROWTH OF JUSTIFICATION AND KNOWLEDGE
Inference in General
253(40)
``What the Tortoise said to Achilles''
256(3)
Lewis Carroll
``Inferential Justification and Empiricism''
259(11)
Richard Fumerton
``Of Scepticism with Regard to Reason''
270(5)
David Hume
``Distrusting Reason''
275(18)
Hilary Kornblith
Inductive Inference
293(76)
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
298(13)
David Hume
``Russell's Doubts about Induction''
311(9)
Paul Edwards
``The New Riddle of Induction''
320(13)
Nelson Goodman
``Induction, Explanation and Natural Necessity''
333(11)
John Foster
Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach
344(8)
Colin Howson
Peter Urbach
``Another Attempt to Prove that Induction is Justified: The Law of Large Numbers''
352(17)
David Stove
The Architecture of Knowledge
369(66)
``The Five Modes''
372(3)
Sextus Empiricus
``An Argument for Scepticism Concerning Justified Beliefs''
375(12)
I.T. Oakley
The Structure of Empirical Knowledge
387(15)
Laurence BonJour
``Has Foundationalism Been Refuted?''
402(15)
William Alston
``A Foundherentist Theory of Empirical Justification''
417(18)
Susan Haack
PART III: THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF JUSTIFICATION AND KNOWLEDGE
The Analysis of ``Knowledge''
435(72)
``Knowing as Having the Right to be Sure''
440(4)
A.J. Ayer
``Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?''
444(3)
Edmund Gettier
``Knowledge and Grounds: A Comment on Mr. Gettier's Paper''
447(3)
Michael Clark
``A Causal Theory of Knowing''
450(14)
Alvin Goldman
``Knowledge: Undefeated Justified True Belief''
464(11)
Keith Lehrer
Thomas Paxson
``Knowledge''
475(16)
Robert Nozick
``Contextualism and Knowledge Attributions''
491(16)
Keith DeRose
Skepticism
507(106)
Meditations on First Philosophy
513(11)
Rene Descartes
``Brains in a Vat''
524(15)
Hilary Putnam
``The Pragmatic Dimension of Knowledge''
539(13)
Fred Dretske
``Skepticism and Closure: Why the Evil Genius Argument Fails''
552(23)
Peter Klein
``Direct Realism and the Brain-in-a-Vat Argument''
575(15)
Michael Huemer
``The Problem of the Criterion''
590(12)
Roderick Chisholm
``Proof of an External World''
602(4)
G.E. Moore
``Hume's Theory Examined''
606(7)
G.E. Moore
Index 613

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