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ESL Worksheets LB Handbook

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780321012166

ISBN10:
032101216X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
8/1/1997
Publisher(s):
Addison-Wesley

Summary

The most trusted and authoritative name in handbooks, "The Little, Brown Compact Handbook with Exercises" is an easy-to-use reference that will answer any question you may have in grammar, writing, or research. It also includes exercises so you can practice skills. This edition offers the latest information on writing with computers, writing online, analyzing visuals, and researching effectively on the Internet. With clear explanations, a wealth of examples, and quick reference checklists and boxes, "The Little, Brown Compact Handbook" will makes it easy to find what you need and use the information you find. Will answer any question a writer has about grammar, the writing process, or research. The writing process, critical thinking, argumentative writing, style, grammar, mechanics, usage, the research process, how to document sources. Anyone who wants a reliable writing reference book.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors v
Preface for Students: Using This Book xiii
Introduction: Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing 1(1)
Fostering a critical perspective 2(1)
Thinking and reading critically 2(16)
Writing critically 18(5)
Part I The Whole Paper and Paragraphs 23(138)
Developing an Essay
24(39)
The writing situation and the writing process
24(2)
Discovering and limiting a subject
26(4)
Defining your purpose
30(1)
Considering your audience
31(5)
Developing your topic
36(11)
Developing your thesis
47(5)
Organizing your ideas
52(11)
Drafting and Revising the Essay
63(22)
Writing the first draft
63(4)
Revising the first draft
67(6)
Editing the revised draft
73(4)
Proofreading and submitting the final draft
77(3)
Giving and receiving comments
80(2)
Preparing a writing portfolio
82(3)
Writing and Revising Paragraphs
85(41)
Maintaining paragraph unity
87(5)
Achieving paragraph coherence
92(12)
Developing the paragraph
104(13)
Writing special kinds of paragraphs
117(6)
Linking paragraphs in the essay
123(3)
Reading and Writing Arguments
126(35)
Reading arguments critically
126(12)
Recognizing fallacies
138(6)
Developing an argument
144(3)
Using reason and evidence
147(5)
Reaching your readers
152(4)
Revising your argument
156(1)
Examining a sample argument
157(4)
Part II Grammatical Sentences 161(104)
Understanding Sentence Grammar
162(36)
Understanding the basic sentence
163(8)
Expanding the basic sentence with single words
171(2)
Expanding the basic sentence with word groups
173(15)
Compounding words, phrases, and clauses
188(5)
Changing the usual order of the sentence
193(2)
Classifying sentences
195(3)
Case of Nouns and Pronouns
198(9)
Compound subjects and complements
199(1)
Compound objects
200(1)
We or us with a noun
201(1)
Appositives
201(1)
Pronoun after than or as in a comparison
202(1)
Subjects and objects of infinitives
202(1)
Case of who
202(3)
Case before a gerund
205(2)
Verbs
207(31)
Verb Forms
207(12)
Regular and irregular verbs
209(3)
Sit and set; lie and lay; rise and raise
212(1)
Omitted -s and -ed endings
213(1)
Helping verbs
214(5)
Tense
219(8)
Appropriate tense for meaning
219(3)
Sequence of tenses
222(5)
Mood
227(3)
Subjunctive verb forms
228(2)
Voice
230(2)
Active versus passive voice
231(1)
Other Complications
232(6)
Verb plus gerund or infinitive ESL
232(2)
Verb plus particle ESL
234(4)
Agreement
238(14)
Agreement between subject and verb
239(7)
Agreement between pronoun and antecedent
246(6)
Adjectives and Adverbs
252(13)
Adjectives only to modify nouns and pronouns
253(1)
Adjectives after linking verbs to modify subjects
253(1)
Adjectives to modify objects; adverbs to modify verbs
254(1)
Short forms and -ly forms of adverbs
254(1)
Comparative and superlative forms
255(2)
Double negatives
257(1)
Overuse of nouns as modifiers
258(1)
Present and past participles as adjectives ESL
258(1)
A, an, the, and other determiners ESL
259(6)
Part III Clear Sentences 265(52)
Sentence Fragments
266(8)
Tests for sentence completeness; revision of fragments
267(3)
Subordinate clause
270(1)
Verbal or prepositional phrase
270(1)
Other fragments
271(2)
Acceptable uses of incomplete sentences
273(1)
Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
274(8)
Comma Splices
276(3)
Main clauses not joined by coordinating conjunction
276(1)
Main clauses related by a conjunctive adverb or transitional expression
277(2)
Fused Sentences
279(3)
Main clauses with no conjunction or punctuation
279(3)
Pronoun Reference
282(8)
Clear reference to one antecedent
282(2)
Clear placement of pronoun and antecedent
284(1)
Reference to specific antecedent
285(1)
Indefinite use of it, they, you
286(1)
Clear use of it
287(1)
Appropriate use of relative pronouns
287(3)
Shifts
290(7)
Person and number
291(1)
Tense and mood
292(2)
Subject and voice
294(1)
Indirect and direct quotations and questions
294(3)
Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
297(10)
Misplaced Modifiers
297(6)
Clear placement of modifiers
297(1)
Limiting modifiers
298(1)
Squinting modifiers
299(1)
Separation of subjects, verbs, and objects
300(1)
Separation of parts of infinitive or verb phrase
300(1)
Position of adverbs ESL
301(1)
Order of adjectives ESL
302(1)
Dangling Modifiers
303(4)
Dangling modifiers
303(4)
Mixed and Incomplete Sentences
307(10)
Mixed Sentences
307(5)
Mixed grammar
307(2)
Mixed meaning (faulty predication)
309(3)
Incomplete Sentences
312(5)
Compound constructions
312(1)
Comparisons
312(2)
Careless omissions
314(3)
Part IV Effective Sentences 317(40)
Using Coordination and Subordination
318(13)
Coordinating to relate equal ideas
318(5)
Subordinating to distinguish main ideas
323(5)
Choosing clear connectors
328(3)
Using Parallelism
331(7)
Using parallelism for coordinate elements
331(5)
Using parallelism to increase coherence
336(2)
Emphasizing Main Ideas
338(9)
Arranging ideas effectively
338(4)
Repeating ideas
342(1)
Separating ideas
343(1)
Preferring the active voice
344(1)
Being concise
345(2)
Achieving Variety
347(10)
Varying sentence length and structure
348(3)
Varying sentence beginnings
351(2)
Inverting the normal word order
353(1)
Mixing types of sentences
354(3)
Part V Punctuation 357(72)
Chart: Commas, semicolons, colons, dashes, parentheses
358(2)
End Punctuation
360(5)
The Period
360(1)
With statements, mild commands, and indirect questions
360(1)
With abbreviations
361(1)
The Question Mark
361(2)
With direct questions
361(1)
To indicate doubt
362(1)
The Exclamation Point
363(2)
With emphatic statements, interjections, and commands
363(1)
Overuse
363(2)
The Comma
365(23)
Main clauses linked by coordinating conjunction
365(3)
Introductory elements
368(2)
Nonrestrictive elements
370(5)
Absolute phrases
375(1)
Phrases expressing contrast
376(1)
Series and coordinate adjectives
376(2)
Dates, addresses, place names, long numbers
378(2)
With quotations
380(2)
To prevent misreading
382(1)
Misuse and overuse
382(6)
The Semicolon
388(9)
Main clauses not joined by a coordinating conjunction
388(2)
Main clauses related by a conjunctive adverb or transitional expression
390(2)
Long main clauses
392(1)
Long items in series
393(1)
Misuse and overuse
394(3)
The Apostrophe
397(8)
Possessive case
397(3)
Misuse with noun plurals, verbs, and personal pronouns
400(1)
Contractions
401(2)
Plurals of abbreviations, dates, and letters, numbers, and words named as words
403(2)
Quotation Marks
405(11)
Direct quotations
405(3)
Chart: Handling quotations from speech or writing
406(2)
Quotation within a quotation
408(1)
Dialogue, poetry, and long prose passages
408(2)
Titles of songs, short stories, and so on
410(2)
Words used in a special sense
412(1)
Overuse
412(1)
Placement with other punctuation marks
413(3)
Other Punctuation Marks
416(13)
The colon
416(3)
The dash
419(2)
Parentheses
421(2)
Brackets
423(1)
The ellipsis mark
424(2)
The slash
426(3)
Part VI Mechanics 429(24)
Capitals
430(7)
First word of sentence
430(1)
Titles of works
431(1)
Pronoun I and interjection O
432(1)
Proper nouns and adjectives
432(2)
Titles before proper names
434(1)
Unnecessary capitalization
434(3)
Underlining (Italics)
437(4)
Titles of books, periodicals, and so on
437(1)
Names of ships, aircraft, spacecraft, trains
438(1)
Foreign words and phrases
438(1)
Words, letters, and numbers named as words
439(1)
For emphasis
439(2)
Abbreviations
441(5)
Titles before and after proper names
441(1)
Familiar abbreviations and acronyms
442(1)
BC, AD, AM, PM, no., and $
442(1)
Latin abbreviations
443(1)
Inc., Bros., Co., and &
443(1)
Misuse with units of measurement, geographical names, and so on
443(3)
Numbers
446(3)
Numerals versus words
446(1)
For days and years, percentages, and so on
447(1)
Beginning sentences
448(1)
Word Division
449(4)
Ends and beginnings of lines
449(1)
One-syllable words
450(1)
Compound words
450(1)
Confusing word divisions
450(3)
Part VII Effective Words 453(62)
Choosing and Using Words
454(27)
Choosing the appropriate word
454(9)
Choosing the exact word
463(10)
Writing concisely
473(8)
Using Dictionaries
481(8)
Choosing a dictionary
481(3)
Working with a dictionary's contents
484(5)
Improving Yours Vocabulary
489(10)
Understanding the sources of English
489(2)
Learning the composition of words
491(4)
Learning to use new words
495(4)
Spelling
499(16)
Recognizing typical spelling problems
500(2)
Following spelling rules
502(5)
Developing spelling skills
507(5)
Using the hyphen to form compound words
512(3)
Part VIII Research Writing 515(222)
Beginning a Research Project
516(47)
Planning a research project
517(1)
Finding a researchable topic and question
518(4)
Conducting electronic searches
522(7)
Finding sources to refine your topic
529(30)
Making a working bibliography
559(4)
Working with Sources and Writing the Paper
563(35)
Evaluating and synthesizing sources
563(6)
Taking notes using summary, paraphrase, and direct quotation
569(9)
Avoiding plagiarism
578(7)
Developing a thesis sentence
585(1)
Creating a structure
586(3)
Drafting the paper
589(2)
Using and introducing summaries, paraphrases, and quotations
591(4)
Revising and editing the paper
595(2)
Preparing and proofreading the final manuscript
597(1)
Documenting Sources
598(32)
Citing sources in academic writing
598(1)
Citing sources in your text: MLA style
599(8)
Preparing the list of works cited: MLA style
607(21)
Understanding abbreviations
628(2)
Two Sample Research Papers
630(38)
``The Information Superhighway: Toll Road or Public Way?''
632(30)
``Annie Dillard's Healing Vision''
662(6)
Reading and Writing About Literature
668(24)
Reading and responding to literature
668(6)
Drafting and revising a literary analysis
674(8)
Writing about fiction
682(1)
Writing about poetry
683(3)
Writing about drama
686(6)
Writing in Other Disciplines
692(45)
Understanding the goals and requirements of the disciplines
692(2)
Writing in the humanities
694(9)
Chicago documentation style
696(7)
Writing in the social sciences
703(23)
APA documentation style
707(19)
Writing in the natural and applied sciences
726(11)
CBE documentation style
729(8)
Part IX Special Writing Situations 737(56)
Essay Examinations
738(8)
Preparing for an essay examination
738(1)
Planning your time and your answer
739(2)
Starting the essay
741(1)
Developing the essay
741(4)
Rereading the essay
745(1)
Business Writing
746(47)
Writing business letters and job applications
747(8)
Writing business memos
755(2)
Communicating electronically
757(2)
Appendixes
A. Document Format
759(14)
1. Academic papers
759(6)
2. Designing documents
765(8)
B. Writing with a Computer
773(11)
1. Using a word processor
773(2)
2. Collaborating using computers
775(3)
3. Creating hypertext documents
778(6)
C. Oral Presentations
784(9)
1. Writing and speaking
784(1)
2. Considering topic, purpose, and audience
785(1)
3. Organizing the presentation
786(2)
4. Delivering the presentation
788(5)
Glossary of Usage 793(19)
Glossary of Terms 812(25)
Credits 837(2)
Index 839


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