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Essentials of American and Texas Government: Continuity and Change, 2006 Edition

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780321365200

ISBN10:
0321365208
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $105.00
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Summary

The essentials version of this bestseller in American and Texas government has been aggressively revised to provide the most in-depth and current coverage of the 2004 elections, the beginnings of the second George W. Bush administration, and the ongoing wars on terror and in Iraq while also providing expansive new coverage of our system's Constitutional roots.

Table of Contents

Preface xxii
PART I FOUNDATIONS OF GOVERNMENT
The Political Landscape
1(27)
Government: What It Is and Why We Need It
3(2)
Functions of Government
4(1)
Roots of American Government: Where Did the Ideas Come From?
5(4)
Types of Government
6(1)
The Reformation and the Enlightenment: Questioning the Divine Right of Kings
6(1)
Hobbes, Locke, and a Social Contract Theory of Government
7(1)
Devising a National Government in the American Colonies
8(1)
American Political Culture and the Characteristics of American Democracy
9(3)
Personal Liberty
9(1)
Equality
10(1)
Popular Consent and Majority Rule
10(1)
Popular Sovereignty
10(1)
Building Civil Society
10(1)
Global Perspective American Uniqueness in the World: Are We Number One?
11(1)
Individualism
12(1)
Changing Characteristics of the American People
12(10)
Changing Size and Population
12(1)
Changing Demographics of the U.S. Population
13(3)
Join the Debate The Huntington Theory of Hispanization
16(2)
Implications of These Changes
18(1)
Analyzing Visuals Changing Age Composition of the United States
19(1)
Ideology of the American Public
20(1)
Problems with Political Labels
21(1)
Current Attitudes Toward American Government
22(6)
High Expectations
23(1)
A Missing Appreciation of the Good
23(1)
Mistrust of Politicians
24(1)
Voter Apathy
24(1)
Politics Now Disapproval of U.S. Involvement in Iraq
25(1)
Redefining Our Expectations
26(2)
The Constitution
28(35)
The Origins of a New Nation
30(5)
Trade and Taxation
30(2)
First Steps Toward Independence
32(1)
The Continental Congresses
33(1)
The Declaration of Independence
33(2)
The First Attempt at Government: The Articles of Confederation
35(1)
Problems Under the Articles of Confederation
35(1)
The Miracle at Philadelphia: Writing a Constitution
36(3)
The Virginia and New Jersey Plans
37(1)
Constitutional Compromises
37(2)
Unfinished Business Affecting the Executive Branch
39(1)
The U.S. Constitution
39(10)
The Basic Principles of the Constitution
40(3)
The Articles of the Constitution
43(2)
The Characteristics and Motives of the Framers
45(1)
Global Perspective Writing a Constitution: How Do We Compare?
46(2)
Analyzing Visuals Who Were the Framers?
48(1)
The Drive for Ratification
49(4)
Federalists Versus Anti-Federalists
49(1)
The Federalist Papers
50(1)
Ratifying the Constitution
51(1)
On Campus A Student's Revenge: The Twenty-Seventh (Madison) Amendment
52(1)
Adding a Bill of Rights
53(1)
Methods of Amending the Constitution
53(10)
Formal Methods of Amending the Constitution
54(1)
The Living Constitution Article V
55(1)
Informal Methods of Amending the Constitution
56(1)
Politics Now The Marriage Amendment
57(1)
Join the Debate The ``Equal Opportunity to Govern'' Amendment
58(5)
ANNOTATED CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES
63(737)
Federalism
100(29)
The Roots of the Federal System: Governmental Powers Under the Constitution
102(8)
National Powers Under the Constitution
104(1)
Global Perspective Federalism Around the World
105(1)
State Powers Under the Constitution
106(1)
Concurrent and Denied Powers Under the Constitution
106(1)
The Living Constitution Tenth Amendment
107(1)
Relations Among the States
108(1)
On Campus Legislating Against Violence Against Women: A Casualty of the Devolution Revolution?
109(1)
Relations Within the States: Local Government
110(1)
Federalism and the Marshall Court
110(2)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
110(2)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
112(1)
Dual Federalism: The Taney Court, Slavery, and the Civil War
112(7)
Dred Scott v. Sandford and the Advent of Civil War
113(1)
The Civil War, Its Aftermath, and the Continuation of Dual Federalism
113(1)
Setting the Stage for a Stronger National Government
114(1)
Cooperative Federalism: The New Deal and the Growth of National Government
114(1)
The New Deal
115(2)
The Changing Nature of Federalism: From Layer Cake to Marble Cake
117(1)
Federal Grants and National Efforts to Influence the States
117(2)
New Federalism: Returning Power to the States
119(10)
The Reagan Revolution
119(1)
The Devolution Revolution
120(1)
Federalism Under the Bush Administration
121(1)
Join the Debate The No Child Left Behind Act
122(2)
The Supreme Court: A Return to States' Rights?
124(1)
Analyzing Visuals State-by-State Report Card on Access to Abortion
125(4)
Civil Liberties
129(37)
The First Constitutional Amendments: The Bill of Rights
131(3)
The Incorporation Doctrine: The Bill of Rights Made Applicable to the States
132(1)
Selective Incorporation and Fundamental Freedoms
133(1)
First Amendment Guarantees: Freedom of Religion
134(3)
The Establishment Clause
135(1)
The Free Exercise Clause
136(1)
First Amendment Guarantees: Freedom of Speech, Press, and Assembly
137(11)
Freedom of Speech and the Press in the United States
137(2)
Global Perspective Freedom of the Press
139(2)
Protected Speech and Publications
141(1)
Join the Debate The USA Patriot Act
142(3)
Unprotected Speech and Publications
145(3)
Freedoms of Assembly and Petition
148(1)
The Second Amendment: The Right to Keep and Bear Arms
148(2)
The Rights of Criminal Defendants
150(7)
The Fourth Amendment and Searches and Seizures
150(2)
Politics Now The Wartime Rights of Political Detainees
152(1)
The Fifth Amendment and Self-Incrimination
153(1)
The Fourth and Fifth Amendments and the Exclusionary Rule
154(1)
The Sixth Amendment and the Right to Counsel
155(1)
The Sixth Amendment and Jury Trials
156(1)
The Eighth Amendment and Cruel and Unusual Punishment
156(1)
The Right to Privacy
157(9)
Birth Control
158(1)
Abortion
158(1)
The Living Constitution Ninth Amendment
159(1)
Homosexuality
160(1)
Analyzing Visuals Partial Birth Abortion Ban
161(2)
The Right to Die
163(3)
Civil Rights
166(37)
Slavery, Abolition, and Winning the Right to Vote, 1800--1890
168(5)
Slavery and Congress
168(1)
The First Civil Rights Movements: Abolition and Women's Rights
168(1)
The 1850s: The Calm Before the Storm
169(1)
The Civil War and Its Aftermath: Civil Rights Laws and Civil War Amendments
169(2)
The Living Constitution Thirteenth Amendment, Section 1
171(1)
Civil Rights, Congress, and the Supreme Court
172(1)
The Push for Equality, 1890--1954
173(8)
The Founding of Key Groups
174(2)
Litigating for Equality
176(2)
Join the Debate Brown v. Board of Education After Fifty Years
178(3)
The Civil Rights Movement
181(3)
School Desegregation After Brown
181(1)
A New Move for African American Rights
182(1)
Formation of New Groups
182(1)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
183(1)
The Women's Rights Movement
184(7)
The Equal Rights Amendment
185(1)
Litigating for Equal Rights
186(3)
Global Perspective Women in Parliament
189(2)
Other Groups Mobilize for Rights
191(7)
Hispanic Americans
191(1)
On Campus Helping Others to Achieve Their Civil Rights
192(2)
Native Americans
194(1)
Gays and Lesbians
195(1)
Politics Now Reclaiming Rights: Indians Use Diverse Ways to Reverse the Economic Adversity of Discrimination
196(1)
Disabled Americans
197(1)
Continuing Controversies in Civil Rights
198(5)
Analyzing Visuals How Americans View Affirmative Action
199(4)
PART II INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT
Congress
203(37)
The Constitution and the Legislative Branch of Government
205(3)
Apportionment and Redistricting
206(1)
Constitutional Powers of Congress
206(1)
The Living Constitution Article 1, Section 8
207(1)
How Congress Is Organized
208(12)
The House of Representatives
210(1)
The Senate
211(1)
Join the Debate Ethics and the Congress
212(2)
Politics Now A Minority Bill of Rights?
214(1)
The Role of Political Parties in Organizing Congress
215(2)
The Committee System
217(3)
The Members of Congress
220(6)
Running for Office and Staying in Office
221(1)
Congressional Demographics
222(1)
Analyzing Visuals Approval Ratings of Congress and Individual Representatives
223(2)
Theories of Representation
225(1)
Global Perspective The Parliament of the ``United States of Europe''
226(1)
How Members of Congress Make Decisions
226(4)
Party
227(1)
Constituents
228(1)
Colleagues and Caucuses
228(1)
Interest Groups, Lobbyists, and Political Action Committees
229(1)
Staff and Support Agencies
230(1)
The Law-making Function of Congress
230(3)
How a Bill Becomes a Law
230(3)
Congress and the President
233(4)
The Shifting Balance of Power
233(1)
Congressional Oversight of the Executive Branch
234(3)
Congress and the Judiciary
237(3)
The Presidency
240(30)
The Roots of and Rules Governing the Office of President of the United States
242(4)
Presidential Qualifications and Terms of Office
243(1)
Removal from Office
243(1)
Rules of Succession
244(1)
The Living Constitution Twenty-Fifth Amendment, Section 2
245(1)
The Constitutional Powers of the President
246(7)
The Appointment Power
246(1)
The Power to Convene Congress
247(1)
The Power to Make Treaties
247(1)
The Veto Power
248(1)
The Power to Preside over the Military as Commander in Chief
248(1)
The Pardoning Power
249(1)
Join the Debate The War Powers Act
250(3)
The Development and Expansion of Presidential Power
253(2)
The Growth of the Modern Presidency
254(1)
The Presidential Establishment
255(4)
The Vice President
255(1)
The Cabinet
256(1)
The First Lady
257(1)
The Executive Office of the President (EOP)
258(1)
The White House Staff
258(1)
The President as Policy Maker
259(4)
The President's Role in Proposing Legislation
259(1)
Politics Now The President as Policy Maker: Turning the Recommendations of The 9/11 Commission into Law
260(1)
The Budgetary Process and Executive Implementation
261(1)
Policy Making Through Regulation
262(1)
Presidential Leadership and the Importance of Public Opinion
263(7)
Presidential Leadership
263(1)
Presidential Personality and the Power to Persuade
264(1)
Global Perspective In the Public Eye: Prime Ministers and Presidents
265(1)
Going Public: Mobilizing Public Opinion
266(1)
The Public's Perception of Presidential Performance
266(1)
Analyzing Visuals Presidential Approval Ratings Since 1938
267(3)
The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy
270(28)
The Executive Branch and the Development of the Federal Bureaucracy
272(5)
Bureaucracy in the United States
273(1)
The Civil War and the Growth of Government
273(1)
From the Spoils System to the Merit System
273(1)
The Living Constitution Article II, Section 2
274(1)
Regulating the Economy and the Growth of Government in the Twentieth Century
275(1)
Government Workers and Political Involvement
276(1)
The Modern Bureaucracy
277(13)
Politics Now E-Government
278(1)
Who Are Bureaucrats?
278(2)
Analyzing Visuals Characteristics and Rank Distribution of Federal Civilian Employees
280(2)
Global Perspective Who Are the Bureaucrats? Should We Care?
282(2)
Formal Organization
284(2)
Join the Debate The EPA and Lead in Water
286(4)
How the Bureaucracy Works
290(4)
Making Policy
291(2)
On Campus Enforcing Gender Equity in College Athletics
293(1)
Making Agencies Accountable
294(4)
Executive Control
294(1)
Congressional Control
295(1)
Judicial Control
295(3)
The Judiciary
298(38)
The Constitution and the Creation of the Federal Judiciary
300(6)
Global Perspective Judicial Structure and Powers
301(1)
The Judiciary Act of 1789 and the Creation of the Federal Judicial System
302(1)
The Living Constitution Article III, Section 1
303(2)
The Marshall Court: Marbury v. Madison and Judicial Review
305(1)
The American Legal System
306(2)
Jurisdiction
306(1)
Criminal and Civil Law
307(1)
The Federal Court System
308(4)
District Courts
308(2)
The Courts of Appeals
310(1)
The Supreme Court
310(2)
How Federal Court Judges Are Selected
312(7)
Who Are Federal Judges?
312(2)
Politics Now Senatorial Confirmation of Judicial Nominations
314(1)
Appointments to the U.S. Supreme Court
315(1)
Nomination Criteria
315(1)
Analyzing Visuals Race/Ethnicity and Gender of District Court
316(2)
The Supreme Court Confirmation Process
318(1)
The Supreme Court Today
319(8)
Deciding to Hear a Case
320(3)
How Does a Case Survive the Process?
323(2)
Hearing and Deciding the Case
325(2)
Judicial Philosophy and Decision Making
327(5)
Judicial Philosophy, Original Intent, and Ideology
327(1)
Join the Debate Separation of Powers and the Scalia Recusals
328(1)
Models of Judicial Decision Making
328(4)
Judicial Policy Making and Implementation
332(4)
Policy Making
332(1)
Implementing Court Decisions
333(3)
PART III POLITICAL BEHAVIOR
Public Opinion and the News Media
336(48)
Efforts to Influence and Measure Public Opinion
338(3)
Early Efforts to Measure Public Opinion
338(2)
Recent Efforts to Measure Public Opinion
340(1)
Political Socialization and Other Factors That Influence Opinion Formation
341(11)
The Family
341(1)
School and Peers
342(1)
The Mass Media
343(1)
Social Groups
344(3)
Analyzing Visuals Racial and Ethnic Attitudes on Selected Issues
347(4)
The Impact of Events
351(1)
Political Ideology and Public Opinion About Government
351(1)
How We Form Political Opinions
352(2)
Personal Benefits
352(1)
Political Knowledge
353(1)
Cues from Leaders
353(1)
How Public Opinion Is Measured
354(6)
Creating a Public Opinion Poll
354(2)
Political Polls
356(2)
Shortcomings of Polling
358(2)
The News Media
360(16)
The Evolution of Journalism in the United States
360(1)
The Living Constitution Amendment I
361(2)
The U.S. Media Today
363(4)
Global Perspective Al-Jazeera: CNN of the Arab World?
367(1)
How the Media Cover Politicians and Government
368(2)
Investigative Journalism and the Character Issue
370(1)
Are the Media Biased?
371(3)
Join the Debate Media Bias: Is the News Affected by an Ideological Bias?
374(2)
The Media's Influence on the Public
376(2)
Politics Now When the Media Become the Story
377(1)
The Public's Perception of the Media
378(2)
Government Regulation of the Electronic Media
380(4)
Content Regulation
381(1)
Prior Restraint
381(3)
Political Parties and Interest Groups
384(39)
Political Parties
386(17)
The Evolution of American Party Democracy
386(3)
The Modern Era Versus the Golden Age: Is the Party Over?
389(1)
The Two-Party System and Third Parties
390(1)
The Basic Structure of American Political Parties
391(3)
Global Perspective The Emergence of New Parties
394(3)
The Roles of Political Parties in the United States
397(6)
Interest Groups
403(20)
Why and How Interest Groups Form and Maintain Themselves
404(2)
Join the Debate Limits on Interest Group Participation
406(2)
The Roots and Development of American Interest Groups
408(2)
The Living Constitution First Amendment
410(2)
What Do Interest Groups Do?
412(1)
On Campus Conservative Student Groups: Speaking Up
413(3)
Analyzing Visuals Top Lobbying Expenditures
416(2)
Politics Now The March for Women's Lives
418(1)
Election Activities
419(4)
Campaigns, Elections, and Voting
423(53)
Global Perspective National Elections 2004
425(1)
Types of Elections
426(2)
Politics Now Is California the New Florida?
427(1)
Presidential Elections
428(16)
The Living Constitution Age Qualifications for National Elected Office
429(1)
The Nomination Campaign
430(2)
The General Election Campaign
432(1)
The Personal Campaign
433(1)
The Organizational Campaign
433(2)
The Media Campaign
435(2)
The Electoral College: How Presidents Are Elected
437(5)
Patterns of Presidential Elections
442(2)
Congressional Elections
444(3)
The Incumbency Advantage
444(2)
Analyzing Visuals Congressional Election Results, 1948--2004
446(1)
Campaign Finance
447(8)
Sources of Political Contributions
448(6)
Future Campaign Finance Reform
454(1)
Voting Behavior
455(9)
Patterns in Voter Turnout
455(3)
Join the Debate Should the Voting Age Be Lowered to Sixteen?
458(2)
Why Is Voter Turnout So Low?
460(2)
Patterns in Vote Choice
462(2)
Bringing It Together: The 2004 Presidential Campaign and Elections
464(12)
The Party Nomination Battle
464(2)
The Democratic Convention
466(1)
The Republican Convention
467(2)
The Presidential Debates
469(1)
The Fall Campaign and General Election
470(1)
Election Results
471(1)
Turnout in The 2004 Election
472(1)
The Next Four Years
472(4)
Social and Economic Policy
476(38)
The Policy Process
478(10)
Stages of the Policy Process
478(1)
Problem Recognition and Definition
479(1)
Agenda Setting
480(1)
Policy Formulation
481(1)
Join the Debate Should the Federal Government Regulate Marriage and Family?
482(2)
Policy Adoption
484(1)
Budgeting
484(1)
Policy Implementation
485(2)
Policy Evaluation
487(1)
Social Welfare Policy
488(14)
The Roots of Social Welfare Policy
488(2)
Social Welfare Policies Today
490(3)
Politics Now The Politics of Social Security Reform
493(2)
Analyzing Visuals: Unemployment Rates by State, February 2004
495(2)
The Living Constitution Preamble
497(1)
The Effectiveness of Income Security Programs
498(1)
Health Care
499(3)
Economic Policy
502(12)
The Roots of Economic Policy
502(1)
The Progressive Era
503(2)
Economic and Social Regulations
505(1)
Deregulation
505(1)
Global Perspective Economic Freedom Around the World
506(3)
Stabilizing the Economy
509(5)
Foreign and Defense Policy
514(32)
The Roots of Current U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy
516(15)
Detente, Human Rights, and Renewed Containment: 1969--1981
518(2)
Containment Revisited and Renewed: 1981--1989
520(1)
Searching for a New International Order: 1989--2001
521(2)
A New Order for the Twenty-First Century?
523(1)
Global Perspective U.S. Foreign Policy and the United Nations
524(3)
On Campus The Impact of 9/11 on American Campuses
527(3)
The Living Constitution Article 1, Section 8
530(1)
The Executive Branch and Foreign and Defense Policy Making
531(4)
The Role of the President
532(1)
Politics Now The United States and the International Criminal Court
532(1)
The Departments of State, Defense, and Homeland Security
533(1)
The Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Council
534(1)
Other Shapers and Influences of Foreign and Defense Policy
535(7)
Congress
535(2)
Analyzing Visuals U.S. Defense Spending
537(1)
The Military-Industrial Complex
538(1)
The News Media
538(1)
The Public
539(1)
Join the Debate Should the United States Pull Out of the United Nations?
540(2)
The Challenge of Balancing Foreign and Domestic Affairs
542(4)
PART IV TEXAS GOVERNMENT
The Context for Texas Politics and Government
546(33)
The Roots of Texas Politics and Government
548(9)
Native Americans
549(1)
Hispanics
550(3)
African Americans
553(1)
Asian Americans
554(1)
Anglos
554(1)
The Contemporary Population of Texas
555(2)
Analyzing Visuals Population Trends in Texas
557(1)
The Ideological Context
557(13)
The Texan Creed
558(4)
Roots of Government The Heroes of the Alamo
562(3)
Political Ideologies in Texas
565(1)
Politics Now The Texas Mystique
566(2)
On Campus The Civics Education Requirement in Texas Colleges and Universities
568(2)
The Economy of Texas
570(4)
Cotton
570(1)
Cattle
570(1)
Petroleum
571(1)
The Contemporary Economy
571(2)
Texas in Comparison The Socio-economic Context in the States
573(1)
Join the Debate Should Texas Adopt an Income Tax?
574(1)
Wealth and Poverty in Texas
574(5)
Analyzing Visuals Share of Income in Texas
576(3)
The Texas Constitution
579(26)
The Roots of the Texas Constitution
580(4)
The 1836 Texas Constitution
580(1)
The 1845 Texas Constitution
581(1)
The 1861 Texas Constitution
582(1)
The 1866 Texas Constitution
583(1)
The 1869 Texas Constitution
583(1)
The Current Texas Constitution
584(10)
Reasons for The 1876 Constitution
585(1)
Roots of Government Governor E. J. Davis and the Establishment of an Activist Government
586(1)
Provisions of The 1876 Constitution
587(1)
The Living Constitution
588(2)
Analyzing Visuals Voter Turnout for Constitutional Amendments
590(1)
Analyzing Visuals Amendments to the Texas Constitution
591(1)
Criticisms of The 1876 Constitution
592(1)
Texas in Comparison State Constitutions
593(1)
Constitutional Revision
594(11)
On Campus Angelo State University Students' Texas Constitution
595(1)
Piecemeal Revision Efforts
596(1)
Politics Now The Texas Sodomy Law
597(1)
Comprehensive Revision Efforts
598(4)
Join the Debate Should Texas Adopt the Initiative Process?
602(3)
Local Government and Politics In Texas
605(31)
The Roots of Local Government in Texas
607(2)
Roots of Government Home Rule Comes to Texas Cities
608(1)
Counties
609(9)
The Living Constitution Structure and Powers of County Government in Texas
610(2)
Analyzing Visuals Texas Counties and Population
612(1)
Structure of County Government
613(2)
Authority of County Governments
615(1)
Texas in Comparison Local Government in the States
616(1)
Finances of County Governments
617(1)
Cities
618(12)
Forms of City Governments
618(1)
Analyzing Visuals Type of Government and Election Systems in Texas's Top Ten Cities
619(4)
Authority and Functions of City Governments
623(1)
Finances of City Governments
623(1)
Join the Debate Should Texas Cities Be Allowed to Photograph Red-Light Runners?
624(1)
Municipal Annexation
625(2)
Politics and Representation in City Governments
627(2)
On Campus Getting Students Involved in Political Campaigns
629(1)
Special Districts
630(6)
Water Districts
631(1)
School Districts
631(1)
Politics Now Slow Roads, Toll Roads, or No Roads
632(4)
The Texas Legislature
636(37)
The Roots of the Legislative Branch
638(3)
Roots of Government Rotten Boroughs in Texas
640(1)
The State Constitution and the Legislative Branch of Government
641(1)
Constitutional Provisions Affecting Legislators
641(1)
Sessions of the Legislature
642(1)
Legislative Membership: Representing the Public
642(9)
Variables Affecting Members' Elections
642(1)
Texas in Comparison Legislatures in the United States
643(1)
The Living Constitution The Basis for Representation in the Texas Senate
644(2)
Personal and Political Characteristics of Members
646(3)
Analyzing Visuals Ideological Voting Patterns in the Texas House of Representatives
649(1)
On Campus Young Conservatives of Texas
650(1)
How the Texas Legislature Is Organized
651(7)
Leaders
651(1)
Committees
651(1)
Organizing for Power and Influence in the Legislature
652(1)
Leadership and Opposition in the House
653(2)
Politics Now The Rise of Partisanship in the Texas House
655(2)
Leadership and Opposition in the Senate
657(1)
The Law-Making and Budgeting Function of the Legislature
658(9)
What Is a Bill? What Is a Resolution?
659(1)
Rules, Procedures, and Internal Government
659(1)
How a Bill Becomes Law
659(1)
Analyzing Visuals Basic Steps in the Texas Legislative Process
660(3)
Two Bills into One: The Final Stages
663(1)
Join the Debate Are Charter Schools a Good Alternative for Texas Students?
664(1)
The Budgeting Process
665(2)
How Legislators Make Decisions
667(2)
Staffing for Technical Assistance, Specialized Information, and Political Assistance
667(1)
Relations with Lobbyists
668(1)
The Ethics of Lobbying
669(1)
The Legislature and the Governor
669(4)
The Governor and Bureaucracy in Texas
673(40)
The Roots of the Executive in Texas
675(3)
From President of the Lone Star Republic to Governor of Texas
675(1)
Terms of Office
676(2)
The Constitutional Roles of the Governor
678(1)
The Development of Gubernatorial Power
679(6)
Restriction of Governors' Powers
680(1)
Comparing the Texas Governor with Other Governors
680(1)
Texas in Comparison Governors and the Executive Branch
681(1)
The Governor's Power to Appoint Executive Officials
681(3)
Analyzing Visuals Analysis of Gubernatorial Appointments
684(1)
The Power of Staff and Budget
684(1)
The Governor as Policy Maker and Political Leader
685(4)
Public-Opinion Leadership
685(1)
Analyzing Visuals Ideology and Governors
686(1)
Relationship with the Legislature
686(3)
The Plural Executive in Texas
689(10)
Attorney General
689(1)
The Living Constitution The Texas Governor's Veto Power
690(2)
Roots of Government Struggles over Cabinet Government
692(1)
Comptroller of Public Accounts
693(1)
Land Commissioner
694(1)
Agriculture Commissioner
695(1)
Railroad Commissioners
695(2)
State Board of Education
697(1)
On Campus The Deregulation of Texas Public College and University Tuition
698(1)
Modern Texas Bureaucracy
699(6)
Secretary of State
701(1)
Public Utility Commissioners
701(1)
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
702(1)
Insurance Commissioner
703(1)
Health and Human Services Commission
703(1)
Public Counsels
704(1)
Boards and Commissions
704(1)
Making Agencies Accountable
705(8)
The Sunset Process
705(1)
Join the Debate Should Texas Lock the Revolving Door?
706(1)
Staff Size and Pay
706(2)
Regulating the Revolving Door
708(1)
Regulating the Relationship Between Agencies and Private Interests
708(1)
Politics Now The Texas Railroad Commission: Watchdog or Lapdog?
709(4)
The Texas Judiciary
713(30)
The Roots of the Texas Judiciary
715(2)
Roots of Government Judge Roy Bean: The Law West of the Pecos
716(1)
The Structure of the Texas Judiciary
717(7)
Local Trial Courts
717(2)
County Courts
719(1)
On Campus Driving While Intoxicated in Texas
720(1)
District Courts
721(1)
Intermediate Courts of Appeal
722(1)
The Supreme Courts
723(1)
Judges and Judicial Selection
724(5)
Judicial Qualifications and Personal Characteristics
724(2)
Judicial Selection
726(1)
Politics Now Stoking the Fires for Judicial Campaign Finance Reform
727(2)
Criticisms of the Texas Judicial Branch
729(4)
Reforming the Court Structure
729(1)
Join the Debate Should Texas Elect Its Judges?
730(1)
Reforming Judicial Selection
731(1)
Reforming Campaign Finance
732(1)
Increasing Minority Representation on the Bench
733(1)
The Judicial Process in Texas
733(10)
The Criminal Justice Process
733(1)
The Living Constitution The Texas Supreme Courts
734(2)
Analyzing Visuals Is Justice for Sale in the State of Texas?
736(1)
Texas in Comparison Crime, Courts, and Judges
737(2)
Analyzing Visuals United States and Texas Executions
739(1)
The Civil Justice Process
740(3)
Political Parties, Interest Groups, Elections, and Campaigns in Texas
743(57)
The Roots of Political Parties, Interest Groups, Elections, and Campaigns in Texas
745(2)
Roots of Government The Populist Challenge to Democratic Party Dominance
746(1)
Political Parties in Texas
747(15)
Party Organization
748(2)
The Living Constitution The Qualifications to Vote in Texas
750(1)
Functional Organization
750(4)
Texas in Comparison Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Elections in the States
754(1)
Party in the Electorate
755(1)
Analyzing Visuals Party Identification in Texas, Selected Years 1952--2003
756(4)
The Party in Government
760(2)
Interest Groups in Texas
762(7)
Types of Interest Groups
762(2)
Political Activities of Interest Groups
764(3)
Politics Now The Campaign to Limit Medical Liability
767(2)
Elections and Political Campaigns in Texas
769(16)
Types of Elections
769(2)
Political Campaigns in Texas
771(2)
On Campus Blogging at burntorange.com
773(3)
Join the Debate Are Electronic Voting Systems Better Than Paper Ballots?
776(1)
The Voters' Decisions
777(3)
Analyzing Visuals Voter Turnout in Texas, 1958--2004
780(5)
APPENDICES
I The Declaration of Independence
785(3)
II Federalist No. 10
788(5)
III Federalist No. 51
793(3)
IV Presidents, Congresses, and Chief Justices: 1789--2005
796(4)
Selected Supreme Court Cases 800(5)
Glossary 805(16)
Notes 821(16)
Index 837


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