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Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology with Interactive Physiology

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780805373035

ISBN10:
0805373039
Format:
Hardcover w/CD
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Benjamin Cummings
List Price: $161.00
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Summary

Admired and respected for its outstanding illustrations, the Fourth Edition of Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology provides readers with easy-to-follow explanations of core concepts and a practical reference for future coursework for healthcare careers. Features such as Clinical Notes and the new Professional Profiles engage readers by showing them how the information they have learned is applied to workplace situations. Crafted especially for readers with no prior knowledge of anatomy & physiology, Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology provides a solid framework for interpreting and applying information. An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology, The Chemical Level of Organization, Cell Structure and Function, The Tissue Level of Organization, The Integumentary System, The Skeletal System, The Muscular System, The Nervous System, The General and Special Senses, The Endocrine System, Blood, The Heart , Blood Vessels and Circulation, The Lymphatic System and Immunity, The Respiratory System, The Digestive System, Nutrition and Metabolism, The Urinary System, The Reproductive System, Development and Inheritance For all readers interested in easy-to-follow explanations of core concepts and a practical reference for future coursework for healthcare careers.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
2(26)
The Sciences of Anatomy and Physiology
4(1)
Anatomy
4(1)
Physiology
5(1)
Levels of Organization
5(2)
An Introduction to Organ Systems
7(1)
Homeostasis and System Integration
7(9)
Homeostatic Regulation
7(9)
Homeostasis and Disease
16(1)
The Language of Anatomy
16(8)
Surface Anatomy
16(2)
Sectional Anatomy
18(4)
Clinical Note Sectional Anatomy and Clinical Technology
22(2)
Chapter Review
24(4)
The Chemical Level of Organization
28(28)
Matter: Atoms and Molecules
29(5)
The Structure of an Atom
29(2)
Chemical Bonds and Chemical Compounds
31(3)
Chemical Notation
34(1)
Chemical Reactions
34(3)
Basic Energy Concepts
34(1)
Types of Reactions
35(1)
Reversible Reactions
36(1)
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
36(1)
Inorganic Compounds
37(2)
Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen
37(1)
Water and Its Properties
37(1)
Inorganic Acids and Bases
38(1)
Salts
39(1)
Organic Compounds
39(11)
Carbohydrates
40(1)
Lipids
41(3)
Proteins
44(3)
Nucleic Acids
47(1)
High-Energy Compounds
47(3)
Chemicals and Cells
50(1)
Chapter Review
51(5)
Cell Structure and Function
56(32)
Studying Cells
58(3)
An Overview of Cell Anatomy
58(3)
The Cell Membrane
61(9)
Membrane Structure
61(2)
Membrane Transport
63(7)
The Cytoplasm
70(5)
The Cytosol
70(1)
Organelles
71(4)
The Nucleus
75(5)
Chromosome Structure
76(1)
The Genetic Code
77(1)
Clinical Note DNA Fingerprinting
77(1)
Protein Synthesis
77(3)
Clinical Note Mutations
80(1)
The Cell Life Cycle
80(3)
Interphase
81(1)
Mitosis
81(1)
Cytokinesis
82(1)
Cell Division and Cancer
82(1)
Cell Diversity and Differentiation
83(1)
Chapter Review
84(4)
The Tissue Level of Organization
88(28)
Epithelial Tissue
90(9)
Functions of Epithelia
90(1)
Intercellular Connections
91(1)
The Epithelial Surface
92(1)
The Basement Membrane
93(1)
Epithelial Renewal and Repair
93(1)
Classifying Epithelia
93(1)
Glandular Epithelia
94(4)
Clinical Note Exfoliative Cytology
98(1)
Connective Tissues
99(7)
Classifying Connective Tissues
99(1)
Connective Tissue Proper
99(2)
Clinical Note Marfan's Syndrome
101(1)
Clinical Note Adipose Tissue and Weight Control
101(2)
Fluid Connective Tissues
103(1)
Supporting Connective Tissues
103(1)
Clinical Note Cartilages and Joint Injuries
103(3)
Membranes
106(1)
Mucous Membranes
106(1)
Serous Membranes
107(1)
The Cutaneous Membrane
107(1)
Synovial Membranes
107(1)
Muscle Tissue
107(2)
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
107(1)
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
107(2)
Smooth Muscle Tissue
109(1)
Neural Tissue
109(1)
Tissue Injuries and Repair
110(1)
Tissues and Aging
110(1)
Aging and Cancer Incidence
111(1)
Chapter Review
111(5)
The Integumentary System
116(18)
Integumentary Structure and Function
117(9)
The Epidermis
118(1)
Clinical Note Drug Administration Through the Skin
119(2)
The Dermis
121(1)
The Subcutaneous Layer
122(1)
Accessory Structures
122(2)
Clinical Note Hair Loss
124(2)
Local Control of Homeostasis in the Integumentary System
126(2)
Injury and Repair of the Skin
126(2)
Aging and the Integumentary System
128(1)
Integration with Other Systems
128(1)
Chapter Review
129(5)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Integumentary System and Other Systems
132(1)
Professional Profile Burn Nurse
133(1)
The Skeletal System
134(50)
The Structure of Bone
136(3)
Macroscopic Features of Bone
136(1)
Microscopic Features of Bone
137(2)
Bone Formation and Growth
139(3)
Intramembranous Ossification
139(1)
Endochondral Ossification
140(1)
Bone Growth and Body Proportions
141(1)
Requirements for Normal Bone Growth
141(1)
Bone Remodeling and Homeostatic Mechanisms
142(2)
The Role of Remodeling in Support
142(1)
Homeostasis and Mineral Storage
142(1)
Injury and Repair
142(1)
Clinical Note Types of Fractures
143(1)
Aging and the Skeletal System
144(1)
Clinical Note Osteoporosis
144(1)
An Overview of the Skeleton
144(1)
Bone Markings (Surface Features)
144(1)
Skeletal Divisions
144(1)
The Axial Division
144(13)
The Skull
144(9)
The Vertebral Column and Thoracic Cage
153(4)
The Appendicular Division
157(8)
The Pectoral Girdle
157(3)
The Upper Limb
160(2)
The Pelvic Girdle
162(1)
The Lower Limb
163(2)
Articulations
165(10)
The Classification of Joints
165(2)
Clinical Note Rheumatism and Arthritis
167(1)
Synovial Joints: Movement and Structure
167(5)
Representative Articulations
172(2)
Clinical Note Hip Fractures
174(1)
Integration with Other Systems
175(1)
Chapter Review
176(8)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Skeletal System and Other Systems
182(1)
Professional Profile Sports Trainer
183(1)
The Muscular System
184(52)
Functions of Skeletal Muscle
186(1)
The Anatomy of Skeletal Muscles
186(4)
Gross Anatomy
186(1)
Microanatomy
187(3)
Clinical Note The Muscular Dystrophies
190(1)
The Control of Muscle Fiber Contraction
190(5)
The Neuromuscular Junction
190(2)
The Contraction Cycle
192(1)
Clinical Note Rigor Mortis
193(2)
Clinical Note Interference with Neural Control Mechanisms
195(1)
Muscle Mechanics
195(3)
The Frequency of Muscle Fiber Stimulation
195(1)
Clinical Note The Disease Called Tetanus
196(1)
The Number of Muscle Fibers Involved
197(1)
Isotonic and Isometric Contractions
198(1)
Muscle Elongation
198(1)
The Energetics of Muscular Activity
198(3)
ATP and CP Reserves
198(1)
ATP Generation
199(1)
Muscle Fatigue
200(1)
The Recovery Period
200(1)
Muscle Performance
201(1)
Types of Skeletal Muscle Fibers
201(1)
Physical Conditioning
201(1)
Cardiac and Smooth Muscle Tissues
202(2)
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
202(1)
Smooth Muscle Tissue
203(1)
Anatomy of the Muscular System
204(22)
Origins Insertions and Actions
204(3)
Names of Skeletal Muscles
207(1)
The Axial Muscles
208(6)
Clinical Note Hernias
214(1)
The Appendicular Muscles
215(9)
Clinical Note Intramuscular Injections
224(2)
Aging and the Muscular System
226(2)
Integration with Other Systems
228(1)
Chapter Review
228(8)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Muscular System and Other Systems
234(1)
Professional Profile Physical Therapist
235(1)
The Nervous System
236(56)
The Nervous System
238(1)
Cellular Organization in Neural Tissue
239(5)
Neurons
239(2)
Neuroglia
241(2)
Clinical Note Demyelination Disorders
243(1)
Anatomical Organization of Neurons
243(1)
Neuron Function
244(4)
The Membrane Potential
244(2)
Clinical Note Neurotoxins in Seafood
246(1)
Propagation of an Action Potential
246(2)
Neural Communication
248(4)
Structure of a Synapse
249(1)
Synaptic Function and Neurotransmitters
249(2)
Neuronal Pools
251(1)
The Central Nervous System
252(15)
The Meninges
252(1)
Clinical Note Epidural and Subdural Damage
253(1)
Clinical Note Meningitis
253(1)
The Spinal Cord
253(3)
Clinical Note Spinal Cord Injuries
256(1)
The Brain
256(2)
The Ventricles of the Brain
258(3)
Clinical Note Aphasia and Dyslexia
261(3)
Clinical Note Seizures
264(3)
The Peripheral Nervous System
267(10)
The Cranial Nerves
268(3)
The Spinal Nerves
271(1)
Nerve Plexuses
271(1)
Reflexes
272(3)
Sensory and Motor Pathways
275(2)
Clinical Note Cerebral Palsy
277(1)
The Autonomic Nervous System
277(6)
The Sympathetic Division
279(1)
The Parasympathetic Division
280(2)
Relationships Between the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Divisions
282(1)
Aging and the Nervous System
283(1)
Clinical Note Alzheimer's Disease
283(1)
Integration with Other Systems
283(1)
Chapter Review
284(8)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Nervous System and Other Systems
290(1)
Professional Profile X-Ray Technologist
291(1)
The General and Special Senses
292(38)
The General Senses
294(4)
Pain
294(1)
Temperature
295(1)
Touch, Pressure, and Position
295(3)
Chemical Detection
298(1)
The Special Senses
298(1)
Smell
299(1)
The Olfactory Pathways
299(1)
Taste
300(1)
The Taste Pathways
301(1)
Vision
301(14)
The Accessory Structures of the Eye
301(2)
The Eye
303(6)
Clinical Note Cataracts
309(1)
Visual Physiology
310(1)
Clinical Note Visual Acuity
310(1)
Clinical Note Accommodation Problems
311(1)
The Visual Pathway
312(1)
Clinical Note Night Blindness
313(2)
Equilibrium and Hearing
315(9)
The Anatomy of the Ear
315(3)
Equilibrium
318(2)
Hearing
320(4)
Clinical Note Hearing Deficits
324(1)
Aging and the Senses
324(1)
Smell
324(1)
Taste
324(1)
Vision
324(1)
Hearing
325(1)
Chapter Review
325(5)
The Endocrine System
330(34)
An Overview of the Endocrine System
332(5)
The Structure of Hormones
332(1)
The Mechanisms of Hormonal Action
333(3)
The Secretion and Distribution of Hormones
336(1)
The Control of Endocrine Activity
336(1)
The Pituitary Gland
337(5)
The Anterior Pituitary Gland
337(3)
The Posterior Pituitary Gland
340(1)
Clinical Note Diabetes Insipidus
340(2)
The Thyroid Gland
342(2)
Thyroid Follicles and Thyroid Hormones
342(1)
The C Cells of the Thyroid Gland: Calcitonin
343(1)
The Parathyroid Glands
344(1)
The Adrenal Glands
345(2)
The Adrenal Cortex
346(1)
The Adrenal Medulla
347(1)
The Pineal Gland
347(1)
The Pancreas
348(2)
Regulation of Blood Glucose Concentrations
349(1)
Clinical Note Diabetes Mellitus
350(1)
The Endocrine Tissues of Other Organ Systems
350(3)
The Intestines
350(1)
The Kidneys
350(1)
The Heart
351(1)
The Thymus
351(1)
The Gonads
351(1)
Adipose Tissue
352(1)
Clinical Note Hormones and Athletic Performance
352(1)
Patterns of Hormonal Interaction
353(3)
Hormones and Growth
353(1)
Hormones and Stress
353(2)
Clinical Note Endocrine Disorders
355(1)
Hormones and Behavior
356(1)
Hormones and Aging
356(1)
Integration with Other Systems
356(1)
Chapter Review
356(8)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Endocrine System and Other Systems
362(1)
Professional Profile Occupational Therapist
363(1)
The Cardiovascular System Blood
364(24)
The Functions of Blood
366(1)
The Composition of Blood
366(2)
Blood Collection and Analysis
366(2)
Plasma
368(1)
Plasma Proteins
368(1)
Formed Elements
368(13)
The Production of Formed Elements
368(1)
Red Blood Cells
369(1)
Clinical Note Abnormal Hemoglobin
370(4)
Clinical Note Blood Tests and RBCs
374(3)
White Blood Cells
377(1)
Clinical Note Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn
377(1)
Clinical Note Testing for Blood Compatibility
377(4)
Platelets
381(1)
Hemostasis
381(3)
The Clotting Process
382(1)
Clot Retraction and Removal
383(1)
Clinical Note Abnormal Hemostasis
384(1)
Chapter Review
384(4)
The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
388(24)
The Heart's Place in the Circulatory System
389(1)
The Anatomy and Organization of the Heart
390(8)
The Surface Anatomy of the Heart
390(1)
The Heart Wall
391(3)
Internal Anatomy and Organization
394(1)
Clinical Note Mitral Valve Prolapse
395(2)
Clinical Note Valvular Heart Disease
397(1)
The Blood Supply to the Heart
397(1)
The Heartbeat
398(6)
Contractile Cells
398(1)
The Conducting System
399(2)
The Electrocardiogram
401(2)
The Cardiac Cycle
403(1)
Heart Dynamics
404(3)
Factors Controlling Cardiac Output
405(2)
Clinical Note Extracellular Ions, Temperature, and Cardiac Output
407(1)
Chapter Review
407(5)
The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation
412(40)
The Structure of Blood Vessels
414(4)
Arteries
414(2)
Clinical Note Arteriosclerosis
416(1)
Capillaries
416(1)
Veins
417(1)
Circulatory Physiology
418(5)
Factors Affecting Blood Flow
418(1)
Cardiovascular Pressures Within the Systemic Circuit
419(2)
Clinical Note Capillary Dynamics and Blood Volume
421(1)
Clinical Note Checking the Pulse and Blood Pressure
422(1)
Cardiovascular Regulation
423(5)
Autoregulation of Blood Flow
424(1)
Neural Control of Blood Pressure and Blood Flow
424(2)
Hormones and Cardiovascular Regulation
426(2)
Patterns of Cardiovascular Response
428(1)
Exercise and the Cardiovascular System
428(1)
Clinical Note Exercise, Cardiovascular Fitness, and Health
428(1)
The Cardiovascular Response to Hemorrhage
428(1)
Clinical Note Shock
429(1)
The Blood Vessels
429(15)
The Pulmonary Circulation
430(1)
The Systemic Circulation
430(12)
Fetal Circulation
442(2)
Aging and the Cardiovascular System
444(1)
Integration with Other Systems
445(1)
Chapter Review
445(7)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Cardiovascular System and Other Systems
450(1)
Professional Profile Physician Assistant
451(1)
The Lymphatic System and Immunity
452(30)
Organization of the Lymphatic System
453(8)
Functions of the Lymphatic System
454(1)
Lymphatic Vessels
454(1)
Lymphocytes
455(1)
Lymphoid Nodules
456(2)
Lymphoid Organs
458(1)
Clinical Note ``Swollen Glands''
458(1)
Clinical Note Injury to the Spleen
459(1)
The Roles of the Lymphatic System in Body Defenses
460(1)
Nonspecific Defenses
461(3)
Physical Barriers
461(1)
Phagocytes
461(1)
Immunological Surveillance
462(1)
Interferons
462(1)
Complement
462(1)
Inflammation
462(1)
Fever
463(1)
Specific Defenses: The Immune Response
464(8)
Types of Immunity
464(1)
Properties of Immunity
465(1)
An Overview of the Immune Response
465(1)
T Cells and Cell-Mediated Immunity
465(2)
B Cells and Antibody-Mediated Immunity
467(3)
Clinical Note AIDS
470(1)
Hormones of the Immune System
471(1)
Patterns of Immune Response
472(2)
Immune Disorders
472(2)
Clinical Note Stress and the Immune Response
474(1)
Aging and the Immune Response
474(1)
Integration with Other Systems
474(1)
Clinical Note Manipulating the Immune Response
475(1)
Chapter Review
475(7)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Lymphatic System and Other Systems
480(1)
Professional Profile Nurse Practitioner
481(1)
The Respiratory System
482(32)
The Functions of the Respiratory System
483(1)
The Organization of the Respiratory System
484(10)
The Respiratory Tract
484(1)
The Nose
484(1)
The Pharynx
485(1)
The Larynx
486(1)
Clinical Note Cystic Fibrosis
486(2)
The Trachea
488(1)
Clinical Note Tracheal Blockage
489(1)
The Bronchi
489(1)
The Bronchioles
489(1)
The Alveolar Ducts and Alveoli
489(3)
The Respiratory Membrane
492(1)
Clinical Note Pneumonia
492(1)
The Lungs
492(1)
The Pleural Cavities
493(1)
Clinical Note Tuberculosis
494(1)
Respiratory Physiology
494(7)
Pulmonary Ventilation
494(2)
Clinical Note Artificial Respiration
496(1)
Clinical Note Pulmonary Function Tests
497(1)
Gas Exchange
498(1)
Clinical Note Decompression Sickness
498(1)
Gas Transport
499(1)
Clinical Note Emphysema
499(1)
Clinical Note Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
500(1)
The Control of Respiration
501(5)
The Local Control of Respiration
502(1)
Control by the Respiratory Centers of the Brain
502(1)
The Reflex Control of Respiration
503(1)
Clinical Note Lung Cancer, Smoking, and Diet
504(1)
Clinical Note Hypercapnia
505(1)
Control by Higher Centers
505(1)
Clinical Note SIDS
506(1)
Respiratory Changes at Birth
506(1)
Aging and the Respiratory System
506(1)
Integration with Other Systems
507(1)
Chapter Review
507(7)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Respiratory System and Other Systems
512(1)
Professional Profile Respiratory Therapist
513(1)
The Digestive System
514(38)
An Overview of the Digestive Tract
516(3)
Histological Organization
517(1)
Clinical Note Ascites
518(1)
The Movement of Digestive Materials
518(1)
The Oral Cavity
519(3)
The Tongue
519(1)
Salivary Glands
520(1)
Clinical Note Mumps
520(1)
Teeth
520(2)
The Pharynx
522(1)
The Esophagus
522(1)
Swallowing
522(1)
Clinical Note Esophagitis and Diaphragmatic (Hiatal) Hernias
523(1)
The Stomach
523(4)
The Gastric Wall
525(1)
Clinical Note Gastritis and Peptic Ulcers
525(1)
The Regulation of Gastric Activity
525(2)
Clinical Note Stomach Cancer
527(1)
The Small Intestine
527(4)
The Intestinal Wall
528(1)
Intestinal Secretions
528(2)
Clinical Note Vomiting
530(1)
Digestion in the Small Intestine
531(1)
The Pancreas
531(2)
Histological Organization
531(1)
The Control of Pancreatic Secretion
532(1)
Clinical Note Pancreatitis
532(1)
The Liver
533(3)
Anatomy of the Liver
533(2)
Liver Functions
535(1)
Clinical Note Liver Disease
536(1)
The Gallbladder
536(1)
The Large Intestine
537(3)
The Cecum
538(1)
The Colon
538(1)
The Rectum
538(1)
Clinical Note Colon and Rectum Cancers
538(1)
The Functions of the Large Intestine
538(1)
Clinical Note Diverticulosis
539(1)
Clinical Note Diarrhea and Constipation
540(1)
Digestion and Absorption
540(3)
The Processing and Absorption of Nutrients
540(2)
Clinical Note Lactose Intolerance
542(1)
Water and Electrolyte Absorption
543(1)
The Absorption of Vitamins
543(1)
Clinical Note Malabsorption Syndromes
543(1)
Aging and the Digestive System
543(1)
Integration with Other Systems
544(1)
Chapter Review
544(8)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Digestive System and Other Systems
550(1)
Professional Profile Dental Assistant
551(1)
Nutrition and Metabolism
552(26)
Cellular Metabolism
554(10)
Carbohydrate Metabolism
555(4)
Clinical Note Carbohydrate Loading
559(1)
Alternate Catabolic Pathways
559(1)
Lipid Metabolism
560(2)
Protein Metabolism
562(1)
Clinical Note Ketoacidosis
562(1)
Clinical Note Dietary Fats and Cholesterol
563(1)
Nucleic Acid Metabolism
564(1)
A Summary of Cellular Metabolism
564(1)
Diet and Nutrition
564(6)
Food Groups and the Food Pyramid
564(3)
Minerals, Vitamins, and Water
567(2)
Diet and Disease
569(1)
Bioenergetics
570(3)
The Energy Content of Food
571(1)
Metabolic Rate
571(1)
Thermoregulation
571(2)
Aging and Nutritional Requirements
573(1)
Chapter Review
573(5)
The Urinary System
578(34)
The Organization of the Urinary System
580(1)
The Kidneys
580(6)
Superficial and Sectional Anatomy
581(1)
The Blood Supply to the Kidneys
582(1)
The Nephron
583(3)
Basic Principles of Urine Production
586(8)
Filtration at the Glomerulus
587(1)
Reabsorption and Secretion Along the Renal Tubule
588(4)
The Control of Kidney Function
592(1)
Clinical Note The Treatment of Kidney Failure
592(2)
Urine Transport, Storage, and Elimination
594(3)
The Ureters and Urinary Bladder
595(1)
Clinical Note Urinary Tract Infections
595(1)
The Urethra
595(1)
The Micturition Reflex and Urination
595(1)
Clinical Note Incontinence
596(1)
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
597(7)
Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
597(3)
Acid-Base Balance
600(3)
Clinical Note Disturbances of Acid-Base Balance
603(1)
Aging and the Urinary System
604(1)
Integration with Other Systems
604(1)
Chapter Review
605(7)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Urinary System and Other Systems
610(1)
Professional Profile Health Educator
611(1)
The Reproductive System
612(32)
The Reproductive System of the Male
613(9)
The Tests
614(1)
Clinical Note Cryptorchidism
614(3)
The Male Reproductive Tract
617(1)
The Accessory Glands
618(1)
Clinical Note Prostatitis
619(1)
Semen
620(1)
The Penis
620(1)
Hormones and Male Reproductive Function
621(1)
The Reproductive System of the Female
622(11)
The Ovaries
622(4)
The Uterine Tubes
626(1)
The Uterus
626(1)
Clinical Note Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
627(1)
The Vagina
628(1)
Clinical Note Amenorrhea
628(1)
The External Genitalia
629(1)
The Mammary Glands
629(1)
Clinical Note Breast Cancer
630(1)
Hormones and the Female Reproductive Cycle
630(3)
Clinical Note Infertility
633(1)
The Physiology of Sexual Intercourse
633(1)
Male Sexual Function
633(1)
Female Sexual Function
633(1)
Clinical Note Sexually Transmitted Diseases
634(1)
Aging and the Reproductive System
634(1)
Menopause
634(1)
The Male Climacteric
634(1)
Integration with Other Systems
635(3)
Clinical Note Birth Control Strategies
636(2)
Chapter Review
638(6)
System in Perspective Functional Relationships Between the Reproductive System and Other Systems
642(1)
Professional Profile Mammographer
643(1)
Development and Inheritance
644
An Overview of Topics in Development
645(1)
Fertilization
646(2)
Activation of the Oocyte
646(1)
An Overview of Prenatal Development
647(1)
The First Trimester
648(6)
Cleavage and Blastocyst Formation
648(1)
Implantation
649(2)
Placentation
651(3)
Embryogenesis
654(1)
The Second and Third Trimesters
654(6)
The Effects of Pregnancy on Maternal Systems
658(1)
Structural and Functional Changes in the Uterus
659(1)
Labor and Delivery
660(2)
The Stages of Labor
660(1)
Premature Labor
661(1)
Multiple Births
661(1)
Postnatal Development
662(2)
The Neonatal Period, Infancy, and Childhood
662(1)
Adolescence and Maturity
663(1)
Clinical Note Abortion
664(1)
Genetics, Development, and Inheritance
664(6)
Genes and Chromosomes
664(3)
The Human Genome Project
667(2)
Clinical Note Chromosomal Abnormalities and Genetic Analysis
669(1)
Chapter Review
670
Appendix I Answers to Concept Check and Chapter Review Questions 1(19)
Appendix II A Periodic Chart of the Elements 20(1)
Appendix III Weights and Measures 21(3)
Appendix IV Normal Physiological Values 24(2)
Appendix V Key Notes 26
Glossary/Index 1(1)
Illustration Credits 1


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