CHAPTER 1: Introduction 

1  (32) 


1  (1) 

1.1 The ElectricalElectronics Industry 


1  (1) 


2  (4) 


6  (1) 


7  (2) 


9  (5) 

1.6 Conversion between Levels of Powers of Ten 


14  (1) 

1.7 Conversion within and between Systems of Units 


15  (2) 


17  (1) 


17  (1) 


18  (3) 


21  (2) 

1.12 Computer (PC) Specifications 


23  (10) 








CHAPTER 2: Current and Voltage 

33  (27) 


33  (1) 


33  (1) 

2.2 Atoms and Their Structure 


34  (1) 


35  (2) 


37  (3) 


40  (5) 


45  (1) 


45  (2) 

2.8 Conductors and Insulators 


47  (2) 


49  (1) 

2.10 Ammeters and Voltmeters 


49  (1) 


50  (5) 


55  (5) 








CHAPTER 3: Resistance 

60  (31) 


60  (1) 


60  (1) 


61  (3) 


64  (3) 


67  (3) 


70  (3) 


73  (4) 

3.7 Color Coding and Standard Resistor Values 


77  (2) 


79  (1) 


80  (1) 


81  (3) 


84  (7) 








CHAPTER 4: Ohm's Law, Power, and Energy 

91  (27) 


91  (1) 


91  (1) 


91  (3) 


94  (2) 


96  (3) 


99  (3) 


102  (3) 

4.7 Circuit Breakers, GFCIs, and Fuses 


105  (1) 


106  (2) 


108  (10) 








Chapter 5: Series dc Circuits 

118  (48) 


118  (1) 


118  (1) 


118  (4) 


122  (7) 

5.4 Power Distribution in a Series Circuit 


129  (1) 

5.5 Voltage Sources in Series 


130  (2) 

5.6 Kirchhoff's Voltage Law 


132  (3) 

5.7 Voltage Division in a Series Circuit 


135  (5) 

5.8 Voltage Regulation and the Internal Resistance of Voltage Sources 


140  (4) 

5.9 Loading Effects of Instruments 


144  (1) 

5.10 Protoboards (Breadboards) 


145  (1) 


146  (4) 


150  (16) 








CHAPTER 6: Parallel dc Circuits 

166  (48) 


166  (1) 


166  (1) 


166  (9) 


175  (6) 

6.4 Power Distribution in a Parallel Circuit 


181  (2) 

6.5 Kirchhoft's Current Law 


183  (5) 


188  (5) 

6.7 Voltage Sources in Parallel 


193  (1) 

6.8 Voltmeter Loading Effects 


193  (2) 

6.9 Protoboards (Breadboards) 


195  (1) 


196  (4) 


200  (14) 








CHAPTER 7: SeriesParallel Circuits 

214  (45) 


214  (1) 


214  (1) 

7.2 SeriesParallel Networks 


215  (1) 

7.3 Reduce and Return Approach 


216  (4) 


220  (5) 


225  (4) 

7.6 Applying the Special Notation 


229  (3) 


232  (3) 

7.8 Voltage Divider Supply (Unloaded and Loaded) 


235  (2) 

7.9 Potentiometer Loading 


237  (3) 

7.10 Open and Short Circuits 


240  (4) 


244  (3) 


247  (12) 








CHAPTER 8: Methods of Analysis and Selected Topics (dc) 

259  (71) 


259  (1) 


259  (1) 


260  (2) 


262  (2) 

8.4 Current Sources in Parallel 


264  (1) 

8.5 BranchCurrent Analysis 


265  (7) 

8.6 Mesh Analysis (General Approach) 


272  (8) 

8.7 Mesh Analysis (Format Approach) 


280  (7) 

8.8 Nodal Analysis (Genera) Approach) 


287  (8) 

8.9 Nodal Analysis (Format Approach) 


295  (6) 

8.10 Special Cases for Mesh and Nodal Analysis 


301  (6) 


307  (3) 

8.12 ΔY and YΔ Conversions 


310  (4) 


314  (3) 


317  (13) 






CHAPTER 9: Network Theorems 

330  (47) 


330  (1) 


330  (1) 

9.2 Superposition Theorem 


330  (7) 


337  (14) 

9.4 Maximum Power Transfer Theorem 


351  (8) 


359  (4) 


363  (3) 


366  (11) 








Chapter 10: Capacitors 

377  (60) 


377  (1) 


377  (1) 


377  (1) 


378  (4) 


382  (11) 

10.5 Transients in Capacitive Networks: The Charging Phase 


393  (7) 

10.6 Transients in Capacitive Networks: The Discharging Phase 


400  (6) 


406  (2) 

10.8 Instantaneous Values 


408  (2) 

10.9 Thévenin Equivalent: T = RThC 


410  (3) 


413  (2) 

10.11 Capacitors in Series and in Parallel 


415  (5) 

10.12 Energy Stored by a Capacitor 


420  (1) 


421  (1) 


421  (3) 


424  (13) 








Chapter 11: Inductors 

437  (48) 


437  (1) 


437  (1) 


438  (4) 


442  (7) 


449  (2) 

11.5 RL Transients: The Storage Phase 


451  (3) 


454  (2) 

11.7 RL Transients: The Release Phase 


456  (5) 

11.8 Thévenin Equivalent: T = L/RTh 


461  (2) 

11.9 Instantaneous Values 


463  (1) 

11.10 Average Induced Voltage: VLav 


464  (1) 

11.11 Inductors in Series and in Parallel 


465  (1) 

11.12 SteadyState Conditions 


466  (2) 

11.13 Energy Stored by an Inductor 


468  (1) 


469  (3) 


472  (13) 








Chapter 12. Sinusoidal Alternating Waveforms 

485  (66) 


485  (1) 


485  (1) 

12.2 Sinusoidal ac Voltage Characteristics and Definitions 


486  (3) 


489  (2) 

12.4 The Sinusoidal Waveform 


491  (4) 

12.5 General Format for the Sinusoidal Voltage or Current 


495  (4) 


499  (5) 


504  (6) 

12.8 Effective (rms) Values 


510  (5) 

12.9 ac Meters and Instruments 


515  (3) 


518  (2) 


520  (31) 








Chapter 13: The Basic Elements and Phasors 

551  (32) 


531  (1) 


531  (1) 

13.2 Adding and Subtracting Sinusoidal Waveforms 


531  (3) 


534  (3) 

13.4 Mathematical Operations with Complex Numbers 


537  (7) 

13.5 Applying Kirchhoff's Laws Using Phasor Notation 


544  (3) 

13.6 Resistors and the ac Response 


547  (4) 

13.7 Inductors and the ac Response 


551  (5) 

13.8 Capacitors and the ac Response 


556  (4) 

13.9 Power and the Basic Elements 


560  (4) 

13.10 Frequency Response of the Basic Elements 


564  (6) 


570  (13) 








Chapter 14: Series and Parallel ac Circuits 

583  (57) 


583  (1) 


583  (1) 

14.2 Series Configuration 


583  (6) 

14.3 Average Power and the Power Factor 


589  (5) 

14.4 Voltage Divider Rule 


594  (4) 

14.5 Frequency Response for Series ac Circuits 


598  (6) 

14.6 Summary: Series ac Circuits 


604  (1) 

14.7 Parallel Configuration 


605  (8) 

14.8 Current Divider Rule 


613  (1) 

14.9 Frequency Response of Parallel Elements 


614  (5) 

14.10 Summary: Parallel ac Networks 


619  (1) 


619  (3) 

14.12 Admittance and Susceptance 


622  (4) 


626  (1) 


627  (13) 








Chapter 15: SeriesParallel ac Networks and the Power Triangle 

640  (36) 


640  (1) 


640  (1) 

15.2 SeriesParallel ac Networks 


640  (10) 


650  (1) 


651  (5) 

15.5 PowerFactor Correction 


656  (3) 


659  (1) 


659  (3) 


662  (2) 


664  (12) 








Chapter 16: ac Methods of Analysis and Theorems 

676  (50) 


676  (1) 


676  (1) 


676  (2) 


678  (5) 


683  (7) 


690  (2) 

16.6 ΔY and YΔ Conversions 


692  (3) 

16.7 Superposition Theorem 


695  (5) 


700  (3) 


703  (3) 

16.10 Maximum Power Transfer Theorem 


706  (4) 


710  (16) 








Chapter 17: Resonance and Filters 

726  (63) 


726  (1) 


726  (1) 

17.2 Series Resonant Circuit 


727  (7) 

17.3 Examples (Series Resonance) 


734  (3) 

17.4 Parallel Resonant Circuit 


737  (5) 

17.5 Examples (Parallel Resonance) 


742  


741  (8) 

17.7 Properties of Logarithms 


749  (1) 


750  (4) 


754  (2) 

17.10 RC LowPass Filter 


756  (3) 

17.11 RC HighPass Filter 


759  (3) 


762  (4) 


766  (1) 

17.14 Double Tuned Filters 


767  


168  (603) 


771  (3) 


774  (15) 








Chapter 18: Transformers and ThreePhase Systems 

789  


789  (1) 


789  (1) 

18.2 IronCore Transformer 


790  (8) 


798  (1) 

18.4 The ThreePhase Generator 


799  (1) 

18.5 The YConnected Generator 


800  (1) 

18.6 Phase Sequence (YConnected Generator) 


801  (1) 

18.7 The YConnected Generator with a YConnected Load 


801  (2) 


803  (2) 

18.9 The ΔConnected Generator 


805  (1) 

18.10 The ΔΔ,ΔY ThreePhase Systems 


806  (2) 


808  (4) 

18.12 Power and PhaseSequence Measurements 


812  (4) 

18.13 Unbalanced, ThreePhase, FourWire, YConnected Load 


816  (1) 


817  (3) 


820  








Appendixes 

A1  


A2  

B PSpice, Electronics Workbench, and Mathcad 


A5  


A7  

D Color Coding of Molded Tubular Capacitors (Picofarads) 


A14  


A15  

F Magnetic Parameter Conversions 


A16  

G Maximum Power Transfer Conditions 


A17  

H Answers to Selected OddNumbered Problems 


A19  
Index 

A29  