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Essentials of Cultural Anthropology,9780534586263
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Essentials of Cultural Anthropology

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780534586263

ISBN10:
0534586260
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/22/2001
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 6/22/2001.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

This text is a brief, more affordable version of the Peoples and Bailey, HUMANITY: AN INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Fifth Edition (2000). Its coverage of core topics, smaller size, and economical price make it well suited for instructors who wish to adopt a core text along with supplemental texts such as readers and ethnographies. The text shares, in a briefer format, the same rich characteristics that made HUMANITY a best-seller over the years: strong scholarship, rich ethnographic examples and a unique focus on modern ethnicity and the survival of indigenous peoples.

Table of Contents

The Study of Humanity
1(13)
Subfields of Anthropology
2(5)
Physical Anthropology
2(2)
Archaeology
4(1)
Cultural Anthropology
4(1)
Anthropological Linguistics
5(1)
Applied Anthropology
6(1)
Cultural Anthropology Yesterday and Today
7(1)
Anthropological Perspectives
8(2)
Holistic Perspective
8(1)
Comparative Perspective
9(1)
Relativistic Perspective
9(1)
The Value of Anthropology
10(1)
Summary
11(1)
Key Terms
12(1)
Suggested Readings
13(1)
Culture
14(14)
A Definition of Culture
16(4)
Shared...
16(1)
...Socially Learned...
17(1)
...Knowledge...
18(1)
...and Patterns of Behavior
18(2)
Cultural Knowledge
20(4)
Norms
20(1)
Values
21(1)
Symbols
21(2)
Classifications of Reality
23(1)
World Views
24(1)
Culture, Biology, and Human Life
24(2)
Summary
26(1)
Key Terms
26(1)
Suggested Readings
27(1)
Culture and Language
28(20)
The Power of Language
29(2)
How Language Works
31(5)
Sound Systems
32(2)
Variations in Sound Systems
34(1)
Words and Meanings
35(1)
Language and Culture
36(6)
Language and Cultural Classifications of Reality
38(1)
Language as a Reflection of Culture
39(2)
Language and World Views
41(1)
Social Uses of Speech
42(4)
The Power of Language and the Language of Power
44(2)
Summary
46(1)
Key Terms
47(1)
Suggested Readings
47(1)
Studying Culture: Approaches and Methods
48(23)
Nineteenth Century: Origins
49(3)
Early Twentieth Century: Development
52(4)
American Historical Particularism (ca. 1900-1940)
52(2)
British Functionalism (ca. 1920-1950)
54(2)
Mid-Century Evolutionary Approaches (ca. 1940-1970)
56(1)
Anthropology Today: Divisions
57(4)
Materialism
58(1)
Idealism
59(2)
Methods of Studying a Culture: Ethnographic Fieldwork
61(7)
In the Field: Procedures
62(2)
In the Field: Problems
64(4)
Summary
68(1)
Key Terms
69(1)
Suggested Readings
69(2)
Adaptation: Environment and Cultures
71(25)
Understanding Human Adaptation
72(2)
Hunting and Gathering
74(5)
Foraging and Culture
75(4)
Domestication
79(1)
Agriculture
80(8)
Horticulture
81(1)
Cultural Consequences of Horticulture
82(2)
Intensive Agriculture
84(2)
Cultural Consequences of Intensive Agriculture
86(2)
Pastoralism
88(5)
Advantages of Herding
89(2)
The Karimojong: An Example from East Africa
91(2)
Conclusion: Adaptation and Culture
93(1)
Summary
93(1)
Key Terms
94(1)
Suggested Readings
94(2)
Exchange and Economic Systems
96(14)
Reciprocity
98(4)
Generalized Reciprocity
98(1)
Balanced Reciprocity
98(3)
Negative Reciprocity
101(1)
Reciprocity and Social Distance
101(1)
Redistribution
102(1)
Market Exchange
103(5)
Money
103(3)
Marketplaces
106(2)
Summary
108(1)
Key Terms
109(1)
Suggested Readings
109(1)
Domestic Life
110(17)
Definitions
111(1)
Marriage: Definitions and Functions
111(3)
Nayar ``Marriage''
113(1)
Marriage: A Cross-Cultural Perspective
114(7)
Marriage Rules
114(1)
How Many Spouses?
115(3)
Marriage Alliances
118(1)
Marital Exchanges
119(2)
Kinship Diagrams
121(1)
Postmarital Residence Patterns
121(2)
Family and Household Forms
123(2)
Summary
125(1)
Key Terms
126(1)
Suggested Readings
126(1)
Kinship
127(20)
Kinship
128(2)
Significance of Kinship
128(2)
Form of Descent
130(1)
Unilineal Descent
131(5)
Unilineal Descent Groups
132(2)
Descent Groups in Action
134(2)
Cognatic Descent
136(2)
Bilateral Descent
138(1)
Influences on Kinship Systems
138(1)
Kinship Terminology
139(6)
Varieties of Kinship Terminology
140(2)
Determinants of Kinship Terminology
142(3)
Summary
145(1)
Key Terms
146(1)
Suggested Readings
146(1)
Gender
147(26)
Cultural Construction of Gender
148(4)
The Hua of Papua New Guinea
149(3)
Gender Crossing and Multiple Gender Identities
152(5)
Cross-Gender Occupation or Work Roles
155(1)
Transvestism
155(1)
Associations with Spiritual Powers
155(1)
Same-Sex Relations
156(1)
The Sexual Division of Labor
157(7)
Understanding Major Patterns
158(4)
Understanding Variability
162(2)
Gender Stratification
164(7)
Universal Subordination?
166(1)
Influences on Gender Stratification
167(3)
Gender Stratification in Industrial Societies
170(1)
Summary
171(1)
Key Terms
172(1)
Suggested Readings
172(1)
Politics and Social Inequality
173(24)
Systems of Equality and Inequality
174(4)
Egalitarian Societies
174(1)
Ranked Societies
175(1)
Stratified Societies
176(2)
Castes in Traditional India
178(1)
Classes in Industrial Societies: The United States
179(2)
Forms of Political Organization
181(7)
Bands
182(3)
Tribes
185(1)
Chiefdoms
186(1)
States
187(1)
Social Control and Law
188(1)
Social Control
188(1)
Law
189(1)
Legal Systems
189(5)
Self-Help Systems
189(2)
Court Systems
191(3)
Summary
194(1)
Key Terms
195(1)
Suggested Readings
195(2)
Religion and World View
197(22)
Defining Religion
198(6)
Supernatural Powers: Beings and Forces
198(1)
Teachings
198(1)
Rituals
199(2)
Rites of Passage
201(3)
Types of Religious Organizations
204(5)
Individualistic Cults
204(1)
Shamanistic Cults
205(1)
Communal Cults
206(2)
Ecclesiastical Cults
208(1)
Theories of Religion
209(4)
Intellectual/Cognitive
210(1)
Psychological
211(1)
Social
212(1)
Sorcery and Witchcraft
213(4)
Sorcery
213(1)
Witchcraft
214(1)
Interpretations of Sorcery and Witchcraft
215(2)
Summary
217(1)
Key Terms
217(1)
Suggested Readings
217(2)
Art and the Aesthetic
219(15)
The Pervasiveness of Art
220(1)
Forms of Artistic Expression
221(8)
Body Arts
221(4)
Visual Arts
225(1)
Performance Arts
226(3)
Art and Culture
229(3)
Secular and Religious Art
229(1)
Art and Gender
230(1)
Social Functions of Art
231(1)
Summary
232(1)
Key Terms
233(1)
Suggested Readings
233(1)
Globalization and Ethnicity
234(16)
The Modern World
235(11)
The Global Economy
236(3)
Demographic Changes and the Global Economy
239(3)
Ethnicity and Conflict
242(4)
The Consequences of an Interdependent World
246(2)
Summary
248(1)
Key Terms
248(1)
Suggested Readings
249(1)
The Future of Indigenous Peoples
250(14)
Indigenous Peoples Today
251(3)
Vanishing Knowledge
254(5)
Medicines We Have Learned
255(1)
Adaptive Wisdom
256(2)
Cultural Alternatives
258(1)
Summary
259(1)
Key Terms
260(1)
Suggested Readings
260(2)
appendix
Anthropology and the Internet
262(2)
notes 264(4)
glossary 268(6)
bibliography 274(9)
photo credits 283(1)
index 284


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