9780071457088

Essentials of English Grammar A Quick Guide To Good English

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780071457088

  • ISBN10:

    0071457089

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/15/2005
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

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Summary

A quick reference for people with grammar questions and an excellent primer for anyone learning the basics, Essentials of English Grammar features a glossary of grammar terms and updated coverage of stylistic conventions.

Author Biography

L. Sue Baugh is the bestselling author of numerous books on grammar usage and writing.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
PART I Essentials of Grammar 1(136)
1 Parts of Speech
3(42)
Nouns
4(3)
Proper, Common, and Collective Nouns
4(1)
Functions of Nouns
4(1)
Plural Nouns
5(1)
Possessive Nouns
5(2)
Pronouns
7(7)
Personal Pronouns
7(1)
Case of Personal Pronouns
8(1)
Indefinite Pronouns
8(1)
Possessive Pronouns
9(1)
Relative Pronouns
10(1)
Interrogative Pronouns
11(1)
Demonstrative Pronouns
11(1)
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
11(2)
Who or Whom?
13(1)
Verbs
14(15)
Basic Verb Forms
15(1)
Auxiliary Verbs
15(1)
Verb Tenses
16(1)
Regular Verbs
16(2)
Functions of the Six Tenses
18(3)
Irregular Verbs
21(1)
Common Errors in Using Verb Tenses
21(3)
Mood
24(1)
Active and Passive Voices
25(1)
Subject-Verb Agreement
26(1)
Special Subject-Verb Agreement Cases
27(2)
Adjectives
29(3)
Demonstrative Adjectives
30(1)
Limiting Adjectives
30(1)
Comparisons
31(1)
Compound Adjectives
32(1)
Predicate Adjectives
32(1)
Adverbs
32(4)
Forming Adverbs
32(1)
Types of Adverbs
33(1)
Comparisons
34(1)
Adverb Position and Meaning
34(1)
Adjective or Adverb?
35(1)
Prepositions
36(3)
Phrasal Prepositions
37(1)
Common Errors to Avoid
37(1)
Prepositions Used with Verbs
38(1)
Conjunctions
39(3)
Coordinating Conjunctions
39(1)
Correlative Conjunctions
39(1)
Subordinating Conjunctions
40(1)
Linking Adverbs
41(1)
Interjections
42(3)
Common Interjections
42(1)
Punctuation
43(2)
2 Punctuation and Punctuation Style
45(22)
End Marks: Period, Question Mark, Exclamation Point
45(2)
Period
45(1)
Question Mark
46(1)
Exclamation Point
47(1)
Comma
47(4)
Series Comma
48(1)
Independent Clauses
48(1)
Introductory Clauses, Phrases, Expressions
49(1)
Nonrestrictive Clauses and Nonessential Material
49(1)
Direct Address
49(1)
Commas and Clarity
50(1)
Traditional Comma Uses
50(1)
Comma Faults
51(1)
Semicolon
51(2)
Independent Clauses
52(1)
Series
53(1)
Colon
53(1)
Before a Series or List
53(1)
Between Independent Clauses
54(1)
Time
54(1)
Formal and Business Communications
54(1)
Quotation Marks
54(3)
Punctuation with Quotation Marks
55(1)
Brief and Long Quotations
56(1)
Single Quotation Marks
56(1)
Titles
56(1)
Terms and Expressions
57(1)
Apostrophe
57(3)
Possessive of Singular Nouns
57(1)
Possessive of Plural Nouns
58(1)
Possessive of Indefinite and Personal Pronouns
58(1)
Individual and Joint Possession
58(1)
Units of Measure as Possessive Adjectives
59(1)
Plural Forms of Symbols
59(1)
Contractions
59(1)
Hyphen
60(2)
Compound Numbers and Fractions
60(1)
Continuous Numbers
60(1)
Prefixes and Suffixes
61(1)
Compound Adjectives
61(1)
Word Division
61(1)
Hyphenated Names
62(1)
To Avoid Confusion
62(1)
Dash
62(1)
Parentheses
63(1)
Brackets
63(1)
Ellipses
63(1)
Italics
64(3)
Emphasis
64(1)
Foreign Words and Phrases
64(1)
Titles
65(1)
Vehicles
65(2)
3 Sentences and Sentence Patterns
67(10)
Sentences, Fragments, and Run-Ons
67(1)
Phrases and Clauses
68(2)
Phrases
69(1)
Clauses
69(1)
Subject and Predicate
70(4)
Forms of the Subject
70(2)
Forms of the Predicate
72(2)
Sentence Constructions
74(3)
Simple Sentence
74(1)
Compound Sentence
74(1)
Complex Sentence
75(1)
Compound-Complex Sentence
75(1)
Modifiers in Sentences
75(2)
4 Capitalization, Abbreviations, and Numbers
77(38)
Capitalization
77(9)
Proper Nouns and Adjectives
77(1)
Hyphenated Names and Prefixes
78(1)
Family Relationships
78(1)
Nationalities and Races
79(1)
Languages and School Subjects
79(1)
Religious Names and Terms
79(2)
Academic Degrees and Personal Titles
81(1)
Historic Events, Special Events, and Holidays
81(1)
Historical Monuments, Places, and Buildings
82(1)
Calendar Days, Months, and Seasons
82(1)
Documents
82(1)
Titles of Publications
82(1)
Compass Points
83(1)
Geographic Names and Regions
83(1)
Scientific Terms
84(2)
Capitals with Numbers
86(1)
Abbreviations
86(14)
General Guidelines
86(1)
Personal Names and Titles
87(3)
Company Names
90(1)
Agencies and Organizations
90(1)
Geographic Terms
91(3)
Time
94(2)
Scholarly Abbreviations
96(1)
Measures
97(1)
Science and Technology
98(1)
Commercial Abbreviations
99(1)
Numbers
100(15)
Arabic Numbers and Roman Numerals
100(1)
Figures or Words
101(2)
Ages
103(1)
Names
104(1)
Governmental Designations
104(1)
Organizations
105(1)
Addresses and Thoroughfares
106(1)
Time of Day
106(1)
Dates
107(2)
Money
109(1)
Percentages
110(1)
Fractions and Decimals
110(1)
Measures
111(1)
Temperature
112(1)
Parts of a Book
112(1)
Inclusive Numbers
113(2)
5 Spelling and Word Division
115(22)
Spelling Guidelines
115(17)
Prefixes
115(3)
Suffixes
118(8)
Plurals
126(5)
The i and e Rules
131(1)
Word Division
132(7)
General Rules
132(1)
Syllables and Word Division
132(1)
Single-Letter Syllables
133(1)
Final and Double Consonants
134(1)
Hyphenated Words
134(1)
Proper Names
135(1)
Figures and Abbreviations
135(2)
PART II Style Considerations 137(30)
6 Sentences
139(6)
Use Clarity and Meaning as the Criteria for Good Sentences
139(1)
Include Only One to Two Ideas in Each Sentence
140(1)
Vary Sentence Patterns to Avoid Monotonous Use of Any Particular Construction
141(4)
7 Brevity
145(4)
Avoid the Phrases There Is and There Are
145(1)
Condense Clauses Beginning with Which, That, or Who into Fewer Words
145(1)
Strike Out the Article the Wherever Possible
146(1)
Eliminate Wordy and Redundant Phrases and Expressions
146(3)
8 Clarity
149(8)
Keep Words Fresh
149(2)
Jargon
149(1)
Buzzwords
150(1)
Clichés
151(1)
Keep Words Specific and Concrete
151(1)
Keep References Clear
152(3)
Keep Modifiers Close to Words They Modify
153(1)
Place Adverbs Close to Words They Modify
153(1)
Keep Subject and Verb Together
153(1)
Make Sure That Antecedents Are Clear
154(1)
Keep Structures Parallel
155(2)
9 Accuracy
157(2)
Double-Check Figures, Dates, Specifications, and Other Details
157(1)
Be Sure That All Names, Titles, and Abbreviations Are Spelled Properly
157(1)
Verify the Accuracy of Direct Quotations
157(1)
Make Sure That Ideas Are Presented Clearly
158(1)
Make Sure Your Work Is Neat and Legible
158(1)
10 Gender-Inclusive Language
159(8)
Nouns and Pronouns
159(2)
Alternative Noun Forms
161(1)
Suffixes ess, ette, ix, and ienne/ine
162(2)
Social Titles
164(1)
Salutations
164(1)
Occupational Titles
165(2)
Appendix A: Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs 167(2)
Appendix B: Verb-Preposition Combinations 169(6)
Appendix C: Frequently Confused Words 175(8)
Appendix D: Frequently Misspelled Words 183(6)
Glossary 189(6)
Index 195

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