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Ethical Choices : An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases

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ISBN13:

9780195332957

ISBN10:
0195332954
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/9/2010
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $38.35

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Summary

Ideal for students with little or no background in philosophy, Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases provides a concise, balanced, and highly accessible introduction to ethics. Featuring an especially lucid and engaging writing style, the text surveys a wide range of ethical theories and perspectives including consequentialist ethics, deontological ethics, natural and virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and ethics and religion. Each chapter of Ethical Choices also includes compelling case studies that are carefully matched with the theoretical material. Many of these cases address issues that students can relate directly to their own lives: the drinking age, student credit card debt, zero tolerance policies, grade inflation, and video games. Other cases discuss current topics like living wills, obesity, human trafficking, torture "lite," universal health care, and just-war theory. The cases provide students with practice in addressing real-life moral choices, as well as opportunities to evaluate the usefulness and applicability of each ethical theory. Every case study concludes with a set of Thought Questions to guide students as they reflect upon the issues raised by that case. Ethical Choices is enhanced by several pedagogical features. These include summaries at the end of each section, lists of key terms, questions For Reflection and Discussion at the end of each chapter, Guidelines for a Case Study Analysis, and suggestions For Further Reading that include Internet sources. Starred sections indicate more advanced material that may be included at the instructor's discretion. A companion website at www.oup.com/us/burnor contains additional resources for both students and instructors: chapter outlines, flashcards of key terms, sets of Helpful Hints to further aid students in mastering the material, and an additional chapter on our Moral Obligations Towards the Future.

Author Biography


Richard Burnor is Professor of Philosophy at Felician College. Dr. Burnor has also published articles in the philosophy of science, metaphysics, and teaching philosophy.

Yvonne Raley is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Felician College, and has published articles in metaphysics and ethics.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Instructorp. xiii
Guidelines for a Case Study Analysisp. xix
Introduction: On the Practical Importance of Ethicsp. xxi
Introducing Ethicsp. 1
The Nature of Moralityp. 3
What Is Ethics?p. 3
Moral Claimsp. 6
Nonmoral Normative Claimsp. 8
Characterizing Moral Claimsp. 10
For Reflection and Discussionp. 12
The Real Price of Coffeep. 13
Jurassic Kitty: Should I Clone My Cat?p. 15
Moral and Nonmoral Valuesp. 17
The Role of Valuesp. 17
Fundamental and Instrumental Valuesp. 19
Explanation and Fundamental Valuesp. 21
For Reflection and Discussionp. 24
Values Exercisep. 25
Mr. Researchp. 26
Sex Selectionp. 27
Personal Autonomy and Moral Agencyp. 30
Introductionp. 30
Personal Autonomyp. 31
Exercising Moral Agencyp. 35
Value-Free and Value-Guided Autonomy**p. 39
For Reflection and Discussionp. 42
Elizabeth Bouviap. 43
Should the Drinking Age Be Eighteen?p. 45
The Living Willp. 46
Buy Now, Pay Later: Student Credit Card Debtp. 49
Moral Relativismp. 52
Introductionp. 52
The Claims of Moral Relativismp. 53
Evaluating Subjectivismp. 55
Considerations in Support of Popular Relativismp. 57
Arguments Against Relativismp. 60
A Matter of Tolerancep. 64
Can Moral Relativism Supply Something That Objectivism Cannot?**p. 66
For Reflection and Discussionp. 67
Female Genital Mutilationp. 68
Religious Exemption and the Death of Matthew Swanp. 70
Women in the Middle Eastp. 72
Moral Reasoning and Ethical Theoriesp. 74
Introductionp. 74
Moral Reasoning, Principles, and Judgmentsp. 74
Fundamental Moral Principlesp. 77
Ethical Theories and Their Assessmentp. 80
For Reflection and Discussionp. 84
Guess Who's Not Coming to Dinnerp. 85
Who's Responsible for Obesity?p. 86
A Survey of Ethical Theories and Perspectivesp. 91
Consequentialist Ethics: Egoismp. 93
Introductionp. 93
Hedonism and Consequentialismp. 95
Utility and Mill's Account of Qualitiesp. 97
Ethical Egoismp. 100
Psychological Egoism**p. 103
For Reflection and Discussionp. 106
Human Traffickingp. 107
Sponsoring a Childp. 109
Consequentialist Ethics: Act Utilitarianismp. 110
Introductionp. 110
The Theory of Act Utilitarianismp. 111
Considerations Supporting Act Utilitarianismp. 114
Problems with Act Utilitarianismp. 115
Beyond Classical Utilitarianism**p. 120
For Reflection and Discussionp. 122
Should Your Next Car Be a Hybrid?p. 124
Factory Farming and the Suffering of Animalsp. 125
Torture Litep. 127
Consequentialist Ethics: Rule Utilitarianismp. 129
Introductionp. 129
Rule Utilitarianismp. 130
Comparing Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianismp. 131
Problems with Rule Utilitarianismp. 134
The Issue of Justice**p. 138
For Reflection and Discussionp. 140
Zero-Tolerance Policies and Student Misconductp. 141
Curbing Grade Inflationp. 143
Global Warming and Oilp. 144
Stem Cells and Parkinson's Diseasep. 146
Universal Health Carep. 149
Deontological Ethicsp. 151
Introductionp. 151
Ross's Ethicsp. 153
Kant's Theory-The Good Willp. 156
Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of Endsp. 159
Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of Universal Lawp. 162
Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of Autonomy**p. 166
Criticisms of Kantian Ethicsp. 167
For Reflection and Discussionp. 171
A Demanding Honor Codep. 172
The Ayala Casep. 174
Internet Bride-Straight from Asiap. 175
A Personal Decisionp. 177
Beefy Burgers and a Lean Futurep. 179
Natural Ethics: Natural Law and Natural Rightsp. 181
Introductionp. 181
Natural Law Theoryp. 181
Addressing Moral Conflictsp. 184
Some Problems for Natural Law Theoryp. 189
Natural Rightsp. 192
Some Distinctions**p. 194
Some Concerns with Rightsp. 198
For Reflection and Discussionp. 201
Relieving Pain in a Dying Patientp. 202
Birth Controlp. 203
Locke and Load: Lockean Rights and Gun Controlp. 205
Just-War Theory and the Killing of Noncombatantsp. 208
Permanent Vegetative State: The Case of Terri Schiavop. 211
Virtue Ethicsp. 214
Introductionp. 214
A Critique of Principle-Based Ethicsp. 215
The Heart of Virtue Ethicsp. 218
Aristotle's Virtue Ethicsp. 221
Classifying the Virtues**p. 224
Criticisms of Virtue Ethicsp. 227
For Reflection and Discussionp. 231
Video Gamesp. 232
Compulsive Gambling and the Internetp. 234
The Unlikely Rescuep. 236
Moral Luckp. 237
The Ethics of Carep. 240
Introductionp. 240
The Development of Care Ethicsp. 241
Foundations for an Ethics of Carep. 246
Care Theory and Virtue Ethicsp. 250
A Blueprint for Reformp. 251
Objections and Problemsp. 253
A Concluding Reflectionp. 257
For Reflection and Discussionp. 257
Parent Responsibility Toward Their In Utero Childp. 258
The Nestlé Boycottp. 260
Absolute Povertyp. 261
Ethics and Religionp. 263
Introductionp. 263
The Autonomy Thesis and Religion**p. 265
Divine Command Theoryp. 268
An Alternate Dependency Accountp. 269
Objections and Elaborations**p. 272
The Alternate Dependency Account and Completeness**p. 276
For Reflection and Discussionp. 277
Religious Symbols and Public Schoolsp. 277
By Divine Command?p. 279
A Question of Authorityp. 280
Ethics and Practicep. 283
In Search of a Comprehensive Ethical Accountp. 283
The Practical Dimension: Making Moral Choicesp. 286
For Reflection and Discussionp. 290
Surfer, Sailor, Whistle Blowerp. 291
Indexp. 293
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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