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Ethical Dilemmas And Decisions In Criminal Justice,9780495093435

Ethical Dilemmas And Decisions In Criminal Justice

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780495093435

ISBN10:
0495093432
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/28/2006
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $91.33

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Summary

This text is designed to introduce students to ethical decision-making in the criminal justice system. Its greatest strengths are its balanced coverage of 1) all three segments of the CJ system-police, courts, and corrections-and 2) both philosophical principles/theories and hands-on criminal justice issues and applications.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
1 Morality, Ethics, and Human Behavior
3(30)
Why Study Ethics?
4(5)
Defining Terms
9(7)
Morals and Ethics
10(1)
Making Moral Judgments
10(3)
Duties
13(1)
Values
14(2)
Morality and the Law
16(6)
Criminal Culpability/Moral Culpability
17(3)
Regulations, Standards, and Guidelines
20(2)
Morality and Behavior
22(1)
Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas
23(3)
Conclusion
26(1)
Key Terms
27(1)
Review Questions
28(1)
Discussion Questions
28(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
29(2)
Suggested Readings
31(2)
2 Determining Moral Behavior
33(36)
Ethical Systems
35(2)
Deontological and Teleological Ethical Systems
37(5)
Ethical Formalism
37(3)
Utilitarianism
40(2)
Other Ethical Systems
42(11)
Religion
43(3)
Natural Law
46(1)
The Ethics of Virtue
47(5)
The Ethics of Care 50
Egoism
52(1)
Other Methods of Ethical Decision Making
53(5)
Relativism and Absolutism
58(1)
Toward a Resolution: Situational Ethics
59(2)
Resulting Concerns
61(1)
Conclusion
62(1)
Key Terms
63(1)
Review Questions
64(1)
Discussion Questions
65(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
65(1)
Suggested Readings
66(3)
3 Making Ethical Decisions
69(26)
Theories of Moral Development
70(10)
Biological Theories
71(1)
Learning Theory
72(2)
Developmental Theories
74(6)
Ethics, Behavior, and Criminality
80(8)
Predicting Behavior
80(1)
Teaching Ethics
81(4)
Morality, Criminology, and Offender Populations
85(3)
Why Be Ethical?
88(2)
Conclusion
90(1)
Key Terms
91(1)
Review Questions
91(1)
Discussion Questions
92(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
92(1)
Suggested Readings
93(2)
4 The Origins and Concept Of Justice
95(30)
Origins of the Concept of Justice
97(1)
Components of Justice
98(1)
Distributive Justice
99(9)
Corrective Justice
108(11)
Substantive Justice
108(5)
Procedural Justice
113(6)
Conclusion
119(1)
Key Terms
119(1)
Review Questions
120(1)
Discussion Questions
120(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
121(2)
Suggested Readings
123(2)
5 Law and the Individual
125(36)
Paradigms of Law
126(6)
The Consensus Paradigm
127(1)
The Conflict Paradigm
128(3)
The Pluralist Paradigm
131(1)
Justifications for Law
132(4)
Legal Paternalism
132(2)
Legal Moralism
134(2)
Criminal and Moral Culpability
136(7)
Punishing the Mentally Ill
136(2)
Punishing Juveniles
138(3)
Punishing White-Collar Criminals
141(2)
Immoral Laws and the Moral Person
143(4)
Victims' Rights
147(6)
Media's Portrayal of Victims
148(4)
Victim Precipitation
152(1)
Restorative Justice
153(3)
Conclusion
156(1)
Key Terms
156(1)
Review Questions
157(1)
Discussion Questions
157(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
158(1)
Suggested Readings
159(2)
6 Ethics and the Criminal Justice Professional
161(26)
Policy Making in Criminal Justice
162(8)
Ideologies of Liberalism and Conservatism
163(3)
Myths and Reality in Criminal Justice
166(1)
Criminal Justice Researchers—Participants in Myth Making?
166(4)
Balancing Law and Justice
170(2)
The Criminal Justice Professional
172(3)
Leadership and Training
175(7)
Teaching Ethics in Criminal Justice
178(1)
Avoiding Cynicism and Burnout
179(3)
Conclusion
182(1)
Key Terms
182(1)
Review Questions
183(1)
Discussion Questions
183(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
183(2)
Suggested Readings
185(2)
7 The Police Role in Society: Crime Fighter or Public Servant?
187(36)
Crime Fighter or Public Servant?
189(4)
Community Policing
192(1)
Authority and Power
193(2)
Formal Ethics for Police Officers
195(3)
The Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
196(2)
The Police Subculture
198(7)
Themes and Value Systems
198(5)
The Cop Code
203(1)
A Different Culture?
203(2)
Discretion, Duty, and Discrimination
205(18)
Discretion
205(3)
Discretion and Duty
208(4)
Discretion and Discrimination
212(11)
Crime Fighter and Pubic Servant?
223(2)
Conclusion
225(1)
Key Terms
226(1)
Review Questions
226(1)
Discussion Questions
227(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
227(1)
Suggested Readings
228(1)
Appendix
229
8 Corruption and the "Code"
223(50)
Types of Corruption
235(14)
Gratuities
235(8)
On-Duty Use of Drugs and Alcohol
243(1)
Graft
244(1)
Sexual Harassment and Assault
245(2)
Criminal Cops
247(2)
Excessive Force
249(10)
Culture of Force
253(1)
Research on Excessive Force
254(3)
Deadly Force
257(1)
Summary
258(1)
A Worldwide Problem
259(5)
Measures of Corruption
262(2)
Explanations of Deviance
264(3)
Individual Explanations
264(1)
Organizational Explanations
265(1)
Societal Explanations
266(1)
Conclusion
267(1)
Key Terms
267(1)
Review Questions
268(1)
Discussion Questions
268(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
268(2)
Suggested Readings
270(3)
9 Noble-Cause Corruption
273(44)
Introduction
274(2)
Investigation
276(14)
Proactive Investigations
277(3)
Police and the Media
280(1)
The Use of Undercover Officers
280(4)
The Use of Informants
284(2)
Justifications for Undercover Operations
286(4)
Interrogation
290(4)
Loyalty and Whistleblowing
294(6)
Teleological Arguments
296(1)
Deontological Arguments
297(1)
Loyalty
297(1)
Sanctions Against Whistleblowers
298(2)
Reducing Corruption
300(12)
Education and Training
301(2)
Integrity Testing
303(2)
Internal Affairs and Civilian Review/Complaint Boards
305(1)
Early Warning or Audit Systems
305(2)
Other Methods
307(1)
Ethical Leadership
308(4)
Conclusion
312(1)
Key Terms
312(1)
Review Questions
312(1)
Discussion Questions
313(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
313(2)
Suggested Readings
315(2)
10 Ethics and Legal Professionals 317(40)
First, Let's Kill All the Lawyers
318(2)
Ethical Issues for Legal Professionals
320(6)
The Attorney–Client Relationship
322(1)
Legal Agent Versus Moral Agent?
323(2)
A Higher Standard of Behavior?
325(1)
Ethical Issues for Defense Attorneys
326(11)
Responsibility to the Client
328(1)
Confidentiality
329(4)
Conflicts of Interest
333(1)
Zealous Defense
334(3)
Ethical Issues for Prosecutors
337(15)
Use of Discretion
337(3)
Conflicts of Interest
340(1)
Plea Bargaining
341(2)
Media Relations
343(1)
Expert Witnesses
344(4)
Zealous Prosecution
348(1)
Prosecutorial Misconduct
349(3)
Conclusion
352(1)
Key Terms
352(1)
Review Questions
352(1)
Discussion Questions
353(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
354(1)
Suggested Readings
355(2)
11 Justice and Judicial Ethics 357(30)
Perceptions of Judicial Processing
358(4)
Ethical Issues for Judges
362(8)
Ethical Guidelines
362(1)
Use of Discretion
363(4)
Judicial Misconduct
367(3)
Justice on Trial?
370(8)
Judicial Independence and the Constitution
378(3)
Conclusion
381(1)
Key Terms
382(1)
Review Questions
382(1)
Discussion Questions
383(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
383(1)
Suggested Readings
384(3)
12 The Ethics of Punishment and Corrections 387(32)
Rationales for Punishment and Corrections
389(11)
Retribution
391(3)
Prevention
394(6)
Ethical Frameworks for Corrections
400(4)
Utilitarianism
400(2)
Ethical Formalism
402(1)
Ethics of Care
403(1)
Rawlsian Ethics
404(1)
Punishment
404(5)
Humane Punishment
405(1)
Capital Punishment
406(3)
Private Corrections
409(4)
Conclusion
413(1)
Key Terms
414(1)
Review Questions
414(1)
Discussion Questions
415(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
415(1)
Suggested Readings
416(3)
13 Ethics and Institutional Corrections 419(38)
Correctional Professionals
420(1)
Correctional Officers
421(21)
The Correctional Officer Subculture
424(2)
Relationships with Inmates
426(3)
General Conduct and the "Good Officer"
429(2)
Use of Force
431(2)
Corruption
433(4)
Loyalty and Whistleblowing
437(2)
Jail Officers
439(3)
Treatment Staff
442(3)
Management Issues
445(8)
Correctional Management and the Courts
446(2)
Correctional Management and Unions
448(1)
Cross-Sex Supervision
448(3)
The Use of Supermax Prisons
451(1)
Abu Ghraib: A Prison by Any Other Name
452(1)
Conclusion
453(1)
Key Terms
453(1)
Review Questions
454(1)
Discussion Questions
454(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
454(1)
Suggested Readings
455(2)
14 Ethics and Community Corrections 457(24)
The Concept of Community Corrections
458(2)
Probation and Parole Officers
460(8)
The Use of Discretion
460(2)
The Probation/Parole Officer Subculture
462(2)
Caseload Supervision
464(2)
Corruption
466(1)
Parole
467(1)
A New Paradigm of Corrections?
468(3)
Reintegrative Shaming Versus Stigmatizing Shaming
471(5)
Ethical Issues in Restorative Justice
473(2)
Conclusion
475(1)
Key Terms
476(1)
Review Questions
476(1)
Discussion Questions
477(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
478(1)
Suggested Readings
479(2)
15 Ethical Choices and the "War on Terror" 481(22)
The Threat of Terrorism
482(8)
The "Just War" Debate
483(1)
The Response to 9/11
484(6)
Crime Control and "Means—End" Thinking
490(3)
Crime Control, Human Rights, and the War on Terror
493(6)
A License to Commit Crime?
496(3)
Conclusion
499(1)
Key Terms
500(1)
Review Questions
500(1)
Discussion Questions
501(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
501(1)
Suggested Readings
502(1)
Bibliography 503(24)
Name Index 527(6)
Subject Index 533(4)
Table of Cases 537


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