9780415268806

Ethical Issues and Guidelines in Psychology

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415268806

  • ISBN10:

    041526880X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-03-10
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

What are the right ways to behave and the right ways to treat other people? Ethics are the rules and guidelines that we use to make judgements of right and wrong. Psychologists have to consider ethical issues because they deal with people and study their behaviour on a daily basis. The study of ethics is one of the more difficult areas of psychology because there are no clear answers. That might well make it one of the more interesting areas for you, or one of the most frustrating. In this book we offer you the opportunity to develop and express your own opinion in relation to ethics in psychology. The book explains some key ethical issues and reviews the various ethical principles and guidelines developed by professional bodies. The problems relating to different kinds of research are discussed, as well as the special case of socially sensitive research. Finally the question of the use of animals in research is examined is it useful and is it right to use non-human animals in psychological research?

Table of Contents

Illustrations
xi
Acknowledgements xiii
Introduction
1(20)
Ethical issues
4(2)
What are morals and ethics?
6(12)
Absolute and relative morals
9(1)
Rights and values
10(65)
Community or individual rights?
75
Moral and ethical development
15(1)
Legal requirements and professional standards
16(1)
Principles, guidelines and issues
17(1)
Why study ethics?
18(1)
Summary
18(3)
Ethical issues in human research
21(20)
Ethical principles and the issues they bring up
21(11)
The participant's view
23(7)
The profession's view
30(2)
Society's view
32(1)
Justifying unethical research
32(4)
Some forms of deception aren't that bad
33(1)
Validity of research data
34(1)
Costs and benefits
34(2)
Resolving ethical issues
36(3)
Ethical committees
36(1)
Use of ethical guidelines
37(1)
Ways to gain consent without asking
38(1)
Alternatives: role play
38(1)
Summary
39(2)
Ethical principles and guidelines
41(24)
What are ethical principles and guidelines?
41(11)
The BPS ethical principles
42(7)
Comments on the BPS ethical principles
49(3)
Limitations of ethical principles as a way of resolving ethical issues
52(10)
What's missing?
52(5)
Using the principles and guidelines to judge research
57(5)
Summary
62(3)
Ethical issues in different kinds of research
65(12)
Experiments
65(5)
Field experiments
65(2)
Natural experiments
67(2)
Laboratory experiments
69(1)
Non-experimental research
70(4)
Observational studies
70(2)
Cross-cultural research
72(1)
Questionnaire
72(1)
Research using correlational analysis
73(1)
Summary
74(3)
Socially sensitive research
77(12)
Socially sensitive issues
78(5)
Examples of socially sensitive research
78(3)
Cultural sensitivity
81(2)
Should socially sensitive research be avoided?
83(1)
How should psychologists conduct socially sensitive research?
84(2)
Dealing with cultural sensitivity
86(1)
Summary
87(2)
Psychology in practice
89(20)
Military psychology
89(7)
Sensory deprivation
91(1)
Animals at war
92(1)
Psy-Ops (Psychological Operations)
93(2)
Ethical issues in military psychology
95(1)
The conduct of psychologists
96(10)
Psychologists and the media
96(4)
Psychologists and therapy
100(6)
Speaking out
106(1)
Summary
107(2)
Psychological research with non-human animals
109(22)
Examples of research with non-human animals
110(6)
Harlow's monkeys
112(1)
Operant training
113(1)
Sensory deprivation
114(1)
Field studies
115(1)
Naturalistic observations
116(1)
Constraints on animal research
116(4)
Summarising the constraints
118(1)
Guiding principles
119(1)
Exempted species
119(1)
Commentary
120(1)
Usefulness
120(4)
Generalising from animal to human behaviour
121(1)
Generalising from animal physiology to human physiology
122(2)
Studying animals to find out about animals
124(1)
Ethics
124(5)
Pain and distress
124(2)
Speciesism
126(2)
Empty cages
128(1)
Conclusion
129(1)
Summary
130(1)
Study aids
131(16)
Improving your essay writing skills
131(2)
Practice essay 1 AQA(A) style ethics question
133(3)
Practice essay 2 OCR style ethics question
136(3)
Practice essay 3
139(3)
Journal articles
142(5)
Glossary 147(4)
Notes 151(4)
References 155(12)
Index 167

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