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This comprehensive anthology represents the key issues and problems in the field of medical ethics through the most up-to-date readings and case studies available. Each of the book's six parts is prefaced with helpful introductions that raise important questions and skillfully contextualize the positions and main points of the articles that follow.
Table of Contents
(* indicates new to 6th edition) Preface The Contributers Introduction: Moral Reasoning in the Medical Context Bioethics: Nature and Scope Sources of Bioethical Problems and Concerns Challenges to Ethical Theory Moral Theories and Perspectives Religious Ethics "Rights-Based" Approaches Communitarian Ethics Virtue Ethics Nonmoral Considerations Modes of Moral Reasoning PART ONE: Foundations of the Health Professional-Patient Relationship Section 1: Autonomy, Paternalism, and Medical Models The Hippocratic Oath Alan Goldman, "The Refutation of Medical Paternalism" *Bernice S. Elger and Jean-Claude Chevrolet, "Beneficience Today, or Autonomy (Maybe) Tomorrow" Ezekiel J. Emanuel and Linda L. Emanuel, "Four Models of the Physician-Patient Relationship" *Benjamin Freedman, "Offering Truth" Section 2: Informed Consent Arato v. Avedon John D. Arras, "Antihypertensives and the Risk of Temporary Impotence: A Case Study in Informed Consent" Jay Katz, "Informed Consent - Must it Remain a Fairy Tale?" Howard Brody, "Transparency: Informed Consent in Primary Care" Section 3: Conflicting Professional Roles and Responsibilities *Francoise Baylis, "Error in Medicine: Nurturing Truthfulness" Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California Len Fleck and Marcia Angell, "Please Don't Tell" *Lainie Friedman Ross, "Disclosing Misattributed Paternity" The HMO Physician's Duty to Cut Costs Norman Levinsky, "The Doctor's Master" E. Haavi Morreim, "Fiscal Scarcity and the Inevitability of Bedside Budget Balancing" *Steven H. Miles, "What Are We Teaching About Indigent Patients?" Recommended Supplementary Reading PART TWO: Allocation, Social Justice, and Health Policy Section 1: Justice, Health Care, and Health President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, "An Ethical Framework for Securing Access to Health Care" Norman Daniels, "Equal Opportunity and Health Care" *Sarah Marchand, Daniel Wikler, and Bruce Landesman, "Class, Health, and Justice" H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., "Freedom and Moral Diversity: The Moral Failures of Health Care in the Welfare State" Section 2: Methods and Strategies for Rationing Health Care Alex John London, "Bone Marrow Transplants for Advanced Breast Cancer: The Story of Christine deMeurers" David M. Eddy, "The Individual vs. Society: Resolving the Conflict" *Paul Menzel, Marthe R. Gold, Erik Nord, Jose-Louis Pinto-Prades, Jeff Richardson, and Peter Ubel, "Toward a Broader View of Values in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Health" Norman Daniels and James Sabin, "Last-Chance Therapies and Managed Care: Pluralism, Fair Procedures, and Legitimacy" Section 3: Equality and the Ends of Medicine Alvin H. Moss and Mark Siegler, "Should Alcoholics Compete Equally for Liver Transplantation?" Carl Cohen, Martin Benjamin, and the Ethics and Social Impact Committee of the Transplant and Health Policy Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, "Alcoholics and Liver Transplantation" *David B. Allen, "Growth Hormone Therapy for the Disability of Short Stature" *Norman Daniels, "The Genome Project, Individual Differences, and Just Health Care" Recommended Supplementary Reading PART THREE: Defining Death, Forgoing Lif