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Brief yet thorough and affordably priced, The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems, Second Edition, is ideal for courses in introductory ethics and contemporary moral problems. Featuring forty readings divided into four parts - Value Theory, Normative Ethics,Metaethics, and Moral Problems - it introduces students to ethical theory and a wide range of moral issues. The essays include selections from such historically influential philosophers as Aristotle, Hume, Kant, and Mill alongside work by contemporary philosophers like Philippa Foot, Robert Nozick,Peter Singer, and Judith Jarvis Thomson. Detailed section and reading introductions provide helpful contextual information.The second edition adds nine new readings, by Plato, Ayn Rand, A.J. Ayer, Harry Gensler, Alan Dershowitz, Alastair Norcross, Paul Taylor, Thomas Hill, Jr., and Philippa Foot. It also features new subcategories in Part IV. Moral Problems: Euthanasia and a Modest Proposal; Terrorism and Torture; TheTreatment of Non-Humans (Animals and the Environment); Abortion; The Limits of the Law; and Children and Parents. Designed as a companion reader to Russ Shafer-Landau's textbook, The Fundamentals of Ethics, Second Edition, The Ethical Life, Second Edition, is also comprehensive enough to be used onits own.
Russ Shafer-Landau is Professor of Philosophy and Chair of the Department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is the author of The Fundamentals of Ethics, Second Edition (OUP, 2011), which is designed to be used along with this reader.
Table of Contents
|A Note on the Companion Volume||p. viii|
|Value Theory The Nature of the Good Life|
|Letter to Menoeceus||p. 11|
|Brave New World||p. 27|
|The Experience Machine||p. 33|
|The Meaning of Life||p. 37|
|Normative Ethics: Theories of Right Conduct|
|Natural Goodness||p. 72|
|The Ethics of Emergencies||p. 84|
|Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism||p. 92|
|The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative||p. 102|
|What Makes Right Acts Right?||p. 126|
|Nicomachean Ethics||p. 138|
|What Is Feminist Ethics?||p. 150|
|Metaethics The Status of Morality|
|Moral Distinctions Not Derived from Reason||p. 165|
|A Critique of Ethics||p. 175|
|The Subjectivity of Values||p. 188|
|Cultural Relativism||p. 198|
|The Singer Solution to World Poverty||p. 229|
|Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality||p. 237|
|The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn||p. 251|
|Euthanasia and a Modest Proposal|
|The Morality of Euthanasia||p. 266|
|The Survival Lottery||p. 272|
|Terrorism and Torture|
|Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses||p. 282|
|Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist Be Tortured?||p. 293|
|The Treatment of Nonhumans: Animals and the Environment|
|Puppies, Pigs and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases||p. 307|
|The Ethics of Respect for Nature||p. 323|
|Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments||p. 336|
|A Defense of Abortion||p. 351|
|Why Abortion Is Immoral||p. 364|
|Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect||p. 375|
|The Limits of the Law|
|Justifying Legal Punishment||p. 388|
|An Eye for an Eye?||p. 398|
|Letter from Birmingham City Jail||p. 408|
|America's Unjust Drug War||p. 421|
|Children and Parents|
|Licensing Parents||p. 436|
|What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents?||p. 450|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|