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Brief yet thorough and affordably priced, The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems, Third Edition, is ideal for courses in introductory ethics and contemporary moral problems. Featuring forty readings divided into four parts--The Good Life, Normative Ethics, Metaethics, and Moral Problems--it introduces students to ethical theory and a wide range of moral issues. The essays include selections from such historically influential philosophers as Aristotle, Hume, Kant, and Mill alongside work by contemporary philosophers like Philippa Foot, Robert Nozick, Peter Singer, and Judith Jarvis Thomson. Detailed reading introductions provide helpful contextual information. The text is supplemented by an online Instructor's Manual and Computerized Test Bank and a Companion Website with student self-quizzes and additional resources.
Designed as a companion reader to Russ Shafer-Landau's textbook, The Fundamentals of Ethics, Third Edition, this volume is also comprehensive enough to be used on its own.
Russ Shafer-Landau is Chair and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is the author, editor, or coeditor of several books including The Fundamentals of Ethics, Third Edition (OUP, 2014), Reason and Responsibility, Fifteenth Edition (2013), and Ethical Theory: AnAnthology, Second Edition (2012). He is also the editor of Oxford Studies in Metaethics.
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition Preface A Note on the Companion Volume INTRODUCTION PART I. THE GOOD LIFE 1. Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus 2. John Stuart Mill, Hedonism 3. Robert Nozick, The Experience Machine * 4. Chris Heathwood, Faring Well and Getting What You Want 5. Jean Kazez, Necessities PART II. NORMATIVE ETHICS: Theories of Right Conduct 6. Plato, Euthyphro 7. Philippa Foot, Natural Goodness 8. J.J.C. Smart, Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism 9. Immanuel Kant, The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative 10. Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan 11. W.D. Ross, What Makes Right Acts Right? 12. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 13. Hilde Lindemann, What Is Feminist Ethics? PART III. METAETHICS: The Status of Morality 14. David Hume, Moral Distinctions Not Derived from Reason 15. A.J. Ayer A Critique of Ethics 16. J.L. Mackie, The Subjectivity of Values 17. Harry Gensler, Cultural Relativism * 18. David Enoch, Why I Am an Objectivist about Ethics (And Why You Are, Too) PART IV. MORAL PROBLEMS 19. John Corvino, Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jimmy Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality * Poverty and Hunger 20. Peter Singer, The Singer Solution to World Poverty * 21. Jan Narveson, Feeding the Hungry Euthanasia and A Modest Proposal 22. James Rachels, The Morality of Euthanasia 23. John Harris, The Survival Lottery Terrorism and Torture 24. Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses 25. Alan Dershowitz, Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist be Tortured? The Moral Status of Animals 26. Alastair Norcross, Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases * 27. R.G. Frey, Moral Standing, The Value of Lives, and Speciesism The Environment 28. Paul Taylor, The Ethics of Respect for Nature 29. Thomas Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments Abortion 30. Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion 31. Don Marquism Why Abortion Is Immoral 32. Philippa Foot, Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect The Limits of the Law 33. Igor Primoratz, Justifying Legal Punishment 34. Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye? 35. Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham City Jail 36. Michael Huemer, America's Unjust Drug War * Enhancing Human Beings * 37. Michael Sandel, The Case against Perfection * 38. Julian Savulescu, Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings * Affirmative Action * 39. Louis Pojman, The Case against Affirmative Action * 40. Daniel Hausman, Affirmative Action: Bad Arguments and Some Good Ones