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Ethics : The Basics

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9781405189934

ISBN10:
1405189932
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
9/8/2009
Publisher(s):
Wiley-Blackwell

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Summary

Ethics: The Basics provides beginning students with a solid grounding in basic ethical principles, theories and traditions, as well as a set of conceptual tools necessary to think about ethics and make ethical decisions. Introduces ethical concepts, theories, and traditions in an unusually reader-friendly manner Provides beginning students with a solid grounding in basic ethical principles, as well as a set of conceptual tools necessary to think about ethics and make ethical decisions Considers western and non-western ethical viewpoints and religious interpretations of ethical concepts Includes end of chapter summaries, case studies, review questions, diagrams and an appendix containing definitions of all the ethical concepts, principles, theories, and traditions introduced in the book

Author Biography

John Mizzoni is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Neumann University in Aston, PA. He specializes in moral and environmental philosophy and has published numerous articles on metaethics, evolutionary ethics, environmental ethics, Franciscan philosophy, and teaching philosophy with music in a wide variety of scholarly journals.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
Relative Ethics or Universal Ethics?p. 8
Relative Ethicsp. 8
Universal Ethicsp. 10
Cultural Relativism or Ethical Relativism?p. 10
Cultural Relativism and Universal Ethicsp. 11
Ethics and Human Naturep. 12
Ethics and Human Rationalityp. 13
Relative Ethics or Universal Ethics?p. 14
Conclusionp. 16
Concepts, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 1p. 18
Review Questionsp. 18
Discussion Questionsp. 19
Virtue Ethicsp. 21
What Are Virtues?p. 23
Aristotle, Happiness, and the Virtuesp. 25
A Developmental Modelp. 27
Universalism and Relativism Againp. 29
Virtue Ethics: a Guide to Good Behaviorp. 32
Pros and Cons of Virtue Ethicsp. 34
Conclusionp. 36
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 2p. 38
Concepts, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 2p. 38
Review Questionsp. 39
Discussion Questionsp. 39
Natural Law Ethicsp. 41
What Is Natural Law and Where Does It Come From?p. 42
The Natural Law and Universal Ethicsp. 44
Natural Law Ethics and Human Naturep. 45
Natural Law Ethics and Virtue Ethicsp. 50
When Following the Natural Law Is Unclear: Use the Pauline Principlep. 50
When Following the Natural Law Is Unclear: Use the Principle of Double Effectp. 52
Conclusionp. 55
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 3p. 57
Concepts, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 3p. 57
Review Questionsp. 58
Discussion Questionsp. 58
Social Contract Ethicsp. 60
Continuities and Discontinuities with Natural Law Ethicsp. 61
The Principle of Self-Interest (Ethical Egoism)p. 63
The State of Naturep. 63
A Contract Involves Cooperationp. 65
A Contract Involves Rationalityp. 67
Common-sense Morality (Properly Understood)p. 69
Social Contract Ethics Appliedp. 71
Conclusionp. 74
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 4p. 77
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 4p. 77
Review Questionsp. 78
Discussion Questionsp. 78
Utilitarian Ethicsp. 81
Ethics Is Based on Feelingsp. 82
Is <$$$> Ought: Shorthand for Hume's Theory of Moral Sentimentsp. 85
Feelings, Utility, and Consequencesp. 87
Utility and Happinessp. 90
Utilitarianism: Relativist or Universalist?p. 91
Utility and Equalityp. 92
Utilitarian Applicationsp. 94
Conclusionp. 96
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 5p. 99
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 5p. 99
Review Questionsp. 100
Discussion Questionsp. 100
Deontological Ethicsp. 103
Duty-centered Ethicsp. 105
Ethics of Freedom and Rationalityp. 106
The Main Deontological Principle: The Categorical Imperativep. 107
One Form of the Categorical Imperative: The Principle of Autonomyp. 110
Another Form of the Categorical Imperative: The Principle of Universalityp. 112
Duties Correlate with Rights (Usually)p. 114
Deontology: Relativist or Universalist?p. 117
Deontological Applicationsp. 117
Conclusionp. 121
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 6p. 123
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 6p. 123
Review Questionsp. 124
Discussion Questionsp. 124
Care Ethicsp. 127
Ethics Is Based on Feelingsp. 129
Humans Are Relational Beingsp. 130
Ethics of Principlesp. 133
Virtue Ethics and Partialityp. 136
Feminine Ethicsp. 137
Care Ethics: Relativist or Universalist?p. 138
Care Ethics Applicationsp. 140
Conclusionp. 142
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Introduced in Chapter 7p. 144
Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditions Reviewed in Chapter 7p. 144
Review Questionsp. 145
Discussion Questionsp. 146
Conclusion: Using the Tools of Ethicsp. 149
Living Ethical Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditionsp. 151
Ethical Issues, Both Private and Publicp. 151
Useful Ethical Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditionsp. 153
Ethical Tools Are Not Mechanical Toolsp. 156
How to Use Ethical Toolsp. 157
Pitfalls and Practicep. 166
Wrap Upp. 168
Review Questionsp. 169
Discussion Questionsp. 169
Ethical Concepts, Principles, Theories, and Traditionsp. 171
Ethical Principlesp. 179
Suggested Readingsp. 181
Metaethicsp. 189
Select Bibliographyp. 202
Glossaryp. 209
Indexp. 216
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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