9780534507930

Ethics in Crime and Justice : Dilemmas and Decisions

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534507930

  • ISBN10:

    053450793X

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 8/5/1997
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

This text provides readers with the information needed to solve moral dilemmas within the complicated criminal justice system. It begins with a straightforward presentation of the major ethical systems followed by a discussion of moral development and the ideal of justice. The book includes not only philosophical information but practical applications as well, because of the issue-based approach, which allows each student to make individual decisions.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
1 MORALITY, ETHICS, AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR
1(23)
Why Study Ethics?
2(4)
Defining Terms
6(9)
Morals and Ethics
6(1)
Making Moral Judgments
7(5)
Duties
12(1)
Values
13(2)
Morality and the Law
15(2)
Regulations, Standards, and Ethics
16(1)
Morality and Behavior
17(1)
Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas
18(3)
Conclusion
21(1)
Review Questions
21(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
22(1)
Suggested Readings
23(1)
2 DETERMINING MORAL BEHAVIOR
24(33)
Ethical Systems
26(1)
Deontological and Teleological Ethical Systems
27(10)
Ethical Formalism
28(4)
Utilitarianism
32(5)
Other Ethical Systems
37(12)
Religion
37(4)
Natural Law
41(2)
The Ethics of Virtue
43(3)
The Ethics of Care
46(1)
Egoism
47(2)
Relativism and Absolutism
49(2)
Toward a Resolution: Situational Ethics
51(3)
Resulting Concerns
53(1)
Conclusion
54(1)
Review Questions
55(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
55(1)
Suggested Readings
56(1)
3 DEVELOPING MORAL AND ETHICAL BEHAVIOR
57(28)
Psychological Theories of Moral Development
58(10)
Kohlberg's Moral Stages
59(2)
Critics of Kohlberg
61(4)
Learning Theory and Behaviorism
65(2)
Other Approaches
67(1)
Ethics, Behavior, and Criminality
68(13)
Predicting Behavior
69(2)
Teaching Ethics
71(1)
Research Applications
72(1)
Teaching Ethics in Criminal Justice
73(3)
Morality, Criminology, and Offender Populations
76(5)
Conclusion
81(1)
Review Questions
82(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
83(1)
Suggested Readings
83(2)
4 JUSTICE AND THE LAW
85(48)
Origins of the Concept of Justice
87(1)
Components of Justice
88(25)
Distributive Justice
90(8)
Corrective Justice
98(15)
Paradigms of Law
113(5)
The Consensus Paradigm
113(1)
The Conflict Paradigm
114(4)
Law and Social Control
118(5)
Legal Paternalism
119(2)
Legal Moralism
121(2)
Immoral Laws and the Moral Person
123(7)
The Criminal Justice Professional
127(3)
Conclusion
130(1)
Review Questions
131(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
131(1)
Suggested Readings
132(1)
5 ETHICS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
133(29)
The Police Role in Society
135(3)
Crime Fighter or Public Servant?
137(1)
Authority and Power
138(2)
Formal Ethics for Police Officers
140(11)
The Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
140(3)
The Police Subculture and Formal Ethics
143(8)
Discretion and Duty
151(9)
Use of Discretion
152(1)
Discretion and Discrimination
153(4)
The Limits of Duty
157(3)
Conclusion
160(1)
Review Questions
160(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
160(1)
Suggested Readings
161(1)
6 LAW ENFORCEMENT PRACTICES
162(42)
Graft and Gratuities
163(11)
The Incidence of Graft
165(2)
The Ethics of Gratuities
167(7)
Deception in Investigation and Interrogation
174(13)
The Use of Undercover Officers
177(3)
The Use of Informants
180(3)
Justifications for Undercover Operations
183(3)
Deception in Interrogation
186(1)
Coercion and the Use of Force
187(10)
Loyalty and Whistleblowing
193(4)
Training and Management Issues
197(4)
Change Efforts
197(3)
Ethical Leadership
200(1)
Conclusion
201(1)
Review Questions
202(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
202(1)
Suggested Readings
203(1)
7 ETHICS AND LEGAL PROFESSIONALS
204(31)
First, Let's Kill All the Lawyers
205(2)
Perceptions of Judicial Processing
207(4)
Ethical Issues for Legal Professionals
211(8)
The Attorney-Client Relationship
215(1)
A Higher Standard of Behavior?
216(1)
The Use of Discretion
217(2)
Ethical Issues for Defense Attorneys
219(13)
Responsibility to the Client
221(1)
Confidentiality
222(4)
Conflicts of Interest
226(1)
Zealous Defense
227(5)
Conclusion
232(1)
Review Questions
233(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
233(1)
Suggested Readings
234(1)
8 THE ETHICS OF PROSECUTION
235(22)
Ethical Issues for Prosecutors
236(13)
Use of Discretion
236(3)
Conflicts of Interest
239(1)
Plea Bargaining
240(1)
Media Relations
241(2)
Zealous Prosecution
243(2)
Expert Witnesses
245(2)
Prosecutorial Misconduct
247(2)
Ethical Issues for Judges
249(5)
Ethical Guidelines
249(1)
Use of Discretion
249(3)
Judicial Misconduct
252(2)
Conclusion
254(1)
Review Questions
254(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
255(1)
Suggested Readings
256(1)
9 THE ETHICS OF PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS
257(30)
Rationales for Punishment and Corrections
259(13)
Retribution
262(2)
Prevention
264(5)
The Justice Model and the Just Deserts Model
269(2)
Restorative Justice
271(1)
Ethical Frameworks for Corrections
272(4)
Utilitarianism
273(1)
Ethical Formalism
274(1)
Ethics of Care
275(1)
Rawlsian Ethics
276(1)
Punishment and Treatment Alternatives
276(5)
Humane Punishment
277(1)
Capital Punishment
278(3)
Community Corrections
281(1)
Private Corrections
282(2)
Conclusion
284(1)
Review Questions
285(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
285(1)
Suggested Readings
286(1)
10 ETHICS FOR CORRECTIONAL PROFESSIONALS
287(38)
Correctional Professionals
288(2)
Use of Discretion and Authority
288(1)
Use of Authority and Power
289(1)
Correctional Officers
290(16)
The Correctional Officer Subculture
292(2)
Relationships with Inmates
294(3)
Use of Force
297(1)
Loyalty and Whistleblowing
298(1)
General Conduct and the "Good Officer"
299(3)
Corruption
302(2)
Jail Officers
304(2)
Treatment Staff
306(4)
Probation and Parole Officers
310(9)
Use of Discretion
311(2)
Officer Subculture
313(2)
Caseload Supervision
315(2)
Corruption
317(2)
Management Issues
319(2)
Conclusion
321(1)
Review Questions
322(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
323(1)
Suggested Readings
324(1)
11 POLICY MAKING AND ETHICAL DECISION MAKING IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
325(22)
Ethics and Criminal Justice
326(3)
Policy Making in Criminal Justice
329(6)
Ideologies of Liberalism and Conservatism
330(3)
Myths and Reality in Criminal Justice
333(1)
Criminal Justice Researchers--Participants in Myth Making?
333(2)
Ethical Leadership
335(2)
Individual Decision Making
337(7)
Why Be Ethical?
344(1)
Review Questions
345(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
346(1)
GLOSSARY 347(4)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 351(12)
NAME INDEX 363(4)
SUBJECT INDEX 367

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