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Ethics in Crime and Justice : Dilemmas and Decisions,9780534563493

Ethics in Crime and Justice : Dilemmas and Decisions

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534563493

ISBN10:
053456349X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/22/2003
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $68.66

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This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 8/22/2003.
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Summary

1. Morality, Ethics, and Human Behavior. 2. Determining Moral Behavior. 3. Developing Moral and Ethical Behavior. 4. Justice and the Law. 5. Further Issues in Retributive Justice. 6. The Ethics of Social Control. 7. Corruption and the "Code". 8. Ethics and Law Enforcement Practices. 9. Ethics and Legal Professionals. 10. Special Issues for Prosecutors and Judges. 11. The Ethics of Punishment and Corrections. 12. Ethics for Correctional Professionals. 13. Corrections in the Community. 14. Criminal Justice Policy.

Table of Contents

PREFACE xii
1 MORALITY, ETHICS, AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR 1(25)
Why study Ethics?
2(5)
Defining Terms
7(7)
Morals and Ethics
7(2)
Making Moral Judgments
9(3)
Duties
12(1)
Values
12(2)
Morality and the Law
14(6)
Criminal Culpability/Moral Culpability
15(3)
Regulations, Standards, and Rules
18(2)
Morality and Behavior
20(1)
Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas
21(2)
Conclusion
23(1)
Review Questions
23(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
24(1)
Suggested Readings
25(1)
2 DETERMINING MORAL BEHAVIOR 26(26)
Ethical Systems
28(1)
Deontological and Teleological Ethical Systems
29(6)
Ethical Formalism
29(3)
Utilitarianism
32(3)
Other Ethical Systems
35(9)
Religion
35(3)
Natural Law
38(1)
The Ethics of Virtue
39(3)
The Ethics of Care
42(1)
Egoism
43(1)
Relativism and Absolutism
44(2)
Toward a Resolution: Situational Ethics
46(2)
Resulting Concerns
48(1)
Conclusion
49(1)
Review Questions
50(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
50(1)
Suggested Readings
51(1)
3 DEVELOPING MORAL AND ETHICAL BEHAVIOR 52(25)
Theories of Moral Development
53(1)
Biological Theories
54(10)
Learning Theory
55(2)
Developmental Theories
57(7)
Ethics, Behavior, and Criminality
64(10)
Predicting Behavior
64(1)
Teaching Ethics
65(3)
Teaching Ethics in Criminal Justice
68(2)
Morality, Criminology, and Offender
Populations
70(4)
Conclusion
74(1)
Review Questions
75(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
76(1)
Suggested Readings
76(1)
4 JUSTICE AND THE LAW 77(28)
Origins of the Concept of Justice
79(1)
Components of Justice
80(17)
Distributive Justice
81(6)
Corrective Justice
87(10)
Paradigms of Law
97(5)
The Consensus Paradigm
98(1)
The Conflict Paradigm
99(3)
Conclusion
102(1)
Review Questions
103(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
103(1)
Suggested Readings
104(1)
5 FURTHER ISSUES IN RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE 105(27)
Law and Social Control
106(5)
Legal Paternalism
107(1)
Legal Moralism
108(3)
Criminal and Moral Culpability
111(6)
Punishing the Mentally Ill
111(2)
Punishing juveniles
113(3)
Punishing White-Collar Criminals
116(1)
Victim's Rights
117(6)
Victim Precipitation
122(1)
Restorative Justice
122(1)
Immoral Laws and the Moral Person
123(7)
The Criminal Justice Professional
127(1)
Balancing Law and Justice
128(2)
Conclusion
130(1)
Review Questions
130(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
131(1)
Suggested Readings
131(1)
6 THE ETHICS OF SOCIAL CONTROL 132(34)
The Police Role in Society
134(4)
Crime Fighter or Public Servant?
134(4)
Authority and Power
138(1)
Formal Ethics for Police Officers
139(11)
The Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
140(4)
The Police Subculture and Formal Ethics
144(6)
Discretion, Discrimination, and Duty
150(11)
Discretion
150(3)
Discrimination
153(5)
Duty
158(3)
Crime Fighter and Pubic Servant?
161(2)
Conclusion
163(1)
Review Questions
163(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
164(1)
Suggested Readings
165(1)
7 CORRUPTION AND THE "CODE" 166(30)
Types of Corruption
167(12)
Gratuities
168(6)
Graft
174(1)
Sexual Harassment and Assault
175(2)
Other Crimes
177(2)
A Worldwide Problem
179(1)
Excessive Force
180(6)
Culture of Force
183(2)
Deadly Force
185(1)
Loyalty and Whistle blowing
186(5)
Teleological Arguments
187(1)
Deontological Arguments
188(1)
Loyalty
188(3)
Explanations of Deviance
191(5)
Individual Explanations
191(1)
Organizational Explanations
192(1)
Societal Explanations
193(1)
Conclusion
194(1)
Review Questions
194(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
194(1)
Suggested Readings
195(1)
8 ETHICS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT PRACTICES 196(33)
Noble-Cause Corruption
197(2)
Investigation
199(12)
The Use of Undercover Officers
203(3)
The Use of Informants
206(2)
Justifications for Undercover Operations
208(3)
Interrogation
211(4)
Management Issues
215(9)
Change Efforts
216(4)
Ethical Leadership
220(4)
Different Questions/Different Answers?
224(2)
Conclusion
226(1)
Review Questions
227(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
227(1)
Suggested Readings
228(1)
9 ETHICS AND LEGAL PROFESSIONALS 229(30)
First, Let's Kill All the Lawyers
230(2)
Perceptions of Judicial Processing
232(4)
Ethical Issues for Legal Professionals
236(7)
The Attorney-Client Relationship
238(3)
A Higher Standard of Behavior?
241(1)
The Use of Discretion
242(1)
Ethical Issues for Defense Attorneys
243(14)
Responsibility to the Client
245(2)
Confidentiality
247(4)
Conflicts of Interest
251(2)
Zealous Defense
253(4)
Conclusion
257(1)
Review Questions
257(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
257(1)
Suggested Readings
258(1)
10 SPECIAL ISSUES FOR PROSECUTORS AND JUDGES 259(28)
Ethical Issues for Prosecutors
260(16)
Use of Discretion
260(3)
Conflicts of Interest
263(2)
Plea Bargaining
265(1)
Media Relations
266(1)
Expert Witnesses
267(3)
Zealous Prosecution
270(4)
Prosecutorial Misconduct
274(2)
Ethical Issues for Judges
276(8)
Ethical Guidelines
277(1)
Use of Discretion
278(5)
Judicial Misconduct
283(1)
Conclusion
284(1)
Review Questions
285(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
285(1)
Suggested Readings
286(1)
11 THE ETHICS OF PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS 287(28)
Rationales for Punishment and Corrections
289(11)
Retribution
291(4)
Prevention
295(5)
Ethical Frameworks for Corrections
300(3)
Utilitarianism
300(1)
Ethical Formalism
301(1)
Ethics of Care
302(1)
Rawlsian Ethics
303(1)
Punishment
303(5)
Humane Punishment
304(1)
Capital Punishment
305(3)
Private Corrections
308(4)
Conclusion
312(1)
Review Questions
313(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
313(1)
Suggested Readings
314(1)
12 ETHICS FOR CORRECTIONAL PROFESSIONALS 315(33)
Correctional Professionals
316(1)
Correctional Officers
317(19)
The Correctional Officer Subculture
320(1)
Relationships with Inmates
321(3)
General Conduct and the "Good Officer"
324(2)
Use of Force
326(3)
Corruption
329(3)
Loyalty and Whistle blowing
332(1)
Jail Officers
333(3)
Treatment Staff
336(3)
Management Issues
339(6)
Correctional Management and the Courts
340(2)
Correctional Management and Unions
342(1)
Cross-Sex Supervision
343(2)
Conclusion
345(1)
Review Questions
346(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
346(1)
Suggested Readings
347(1)
13 CORRECTIONS IN THE COMMUNITY 348(20)
The Concept of Community Corrections
349(2)
Probation and Parole Officers
351(7)
Use of Discretion
351(2)
Probation/Parole Officer Subculture
353(3)
Caseload Supervision
356(2)
Corruption
358(1)
Parole
358(2)
A New Paradigm of Corrections?
360(5)
Reintegrative Shaming versus Stigmatising Shaming
361(2)
Ethical Issues in Restorative Justice
363(2)
Conclusion
365(1)
Review Questions
366(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
366(1)
Suggested Readings
367(1)
14 CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY 368(23)
Policy Making in Criminal Justice
369(5)
Ideologies of Liberalism and Conservatism
369(3)
Myths and Reality in Criminal Justice
372(1)
Criminal Justice Researchers-Participants in Myth Making?
373(1)
Ethical Leadership
374(3)
Individual Decision Making
377(7)
Why Be Ethical?
384(2)
Revisiting "Means-End" Thinking in Times of Trouble
386(3)
Conclusion
389(1)
Review Questions
389(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
389(1)
Suggested Readings
390(1)
GLOSSARY 391(6)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 397(18)
NAME INDEX 415(6)
SUBJECT INDEX 421(5)
TABLE OF CASES 426


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