9780495502357

Ethics : Discovering Right and Wrong

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780495502357

  • ISBN10:

    0495502359

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2/12/2008
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

Study ethics from one of the classic texts, written by one of contemporary philosophy’s most skilled teachers, Louis P. Pojman, and now revised by best-selling author and editor of the INTERNET ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY, James Fieser. ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, Sixth Edition, provides you with a concise yet comprehensive overview of the fundamental objectives and outlooks of ethical theory. Written in a conversational manner with strong learning aids and numerous classical and contemporary examples, this book teaches you how to develop your own moral theories and competently reason through ethical problems for yourself. The text even-handedly raises critical questions with its non-dogmatic style and generous presentation of various positions. This edition offers more feminist as well as multicultural ethical perspectives. Initial chapters discuss general concerns about meta-ethics before presenting major moral theories. Later chapters address special topics in personal and religious ethics as well as the most recent developments in moral theory. A helpful appendix teaches how to write ethics papers, while study questions for each chapter and useful bibliographies further assist you in review and additional exploration of topics. A companion website offers additional support with essay questions and numerous interactive learning aids.

Table of Contents

Preface
What is Ethics?
Ethics and its subdivisions
Morality as compared with other normative subjects
Traits of moral principles
Domains of ethical assessment
Conclusion
Ethical Relativism
Subjective ethical relativism
Conventional ethical relativism
Criticisms of conventional ethical relativism
Conclusion
Moral Objectivism
Aquinas+ objectivism and absolutism
Moderate objectivism
Ethical situationalism
Conclusion
Value and the Quest for the Good
Intrinsic and instrumental value
The value of pleasure
Are values objective or subjective? The relation of value to morality
The good life
Social Contract Theory and the Motive to be Moral
Why does society need moral rules? Why should I be moral? Morality, self-interest and game theory
The motive to always be moral
Conclusion
Egoism, self-Interest, and Altruism
Psychological egoism
Ethical egoism
Arguments against ethical egoism
Evolution and altruism
Conclusion
Utilitarianism
Classic utilitarianism
Act and rule-utilitarianism
Criticism of utilitarianism
Criticism of the ends justifying immoral means
Conclusion
Kant and Deontological Theories
Kant+s influences
The categorical imperative
Counterexamples to the principle of the law of nature
Other formulations of the categorical imperative
The problem of exceptionless rules
The problem of posterity
Conclusion: a reconciliation project
Virtue Theory
The nature of virtue ethics
Criticisms of action-based ethics
Connections between virtue-based and action-based ethics
Feminism and the ethics of care
Conclusion
Religion and Ethics
Does morality depend on religion? Is religion irrelevant or even contrary to morality? Does religion enhance the moral life? Conclusion
The Fact Value Problem
Hume and Moore: the problem classically stated
Ayer and emotivism
Hare and prescriptivism
Naturalism and the fact-value problem
Conclusion
Moral Realism and the Challenge of Skepticism
Mackie+s moral skepticism
Harman+s moral nihilism
A defense of moral realism
Conclusion
Appendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper
Glossary
Index
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