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Ethics: Essential Readings in Moral Theory is an outstanding anthology of the most important topics, theories and debates in ethics, compiled by one of the leading experts in the field. It includes sixty-six extracts covering the central domains of ethics: Why be moral? The Meaning of moral language Morality and Objectivity Consequentialism Deontology Virtue and character Value and well-being Moral psychology Applications: including abortion, famine relief and consent. Included are both classical extracts from Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant and Mill as well as contemporary classics from philosophers such as Thomas Nagel, Thomas Scanlon, Martha Nussbaum, Derek Parfit, and Peter Singer. A key feature of the anthology is that it covers the perennial topics in ethics as well as very recent ones, such as moral psychology, responsibility and experimental philosophy. Each section is introduced and placed in context by the editor, making this an ideal anthology for anyone studying ethics or ethical theory.
George Sher is Herbert S. Autrey Professor of Philosophy at Rice University, USA. He is the author of Desert (1987), Beyond Neutrality: Perfectionism and Politics (1997), Approximate Justice: Studies in Non-Ideal Theory (1997), In Praise of Blame (2006), and Who Knew? Responsibility Without Awareness (2009).
Table of Contents
|Why be moral?||p. 1|
|Introduction to Section I||p. 3|
|The Ring of Gyges||p. 7|
|Psychological Egoism||p. 14|
|Morality and Self-Interest||p. 23|
|Morality and Advantage||p. 34|
|The Authority of Norms||p. 43|
|Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives||p. 55|
|Moral Rationalism||p. 62|
|The meaning of moral language||p. 73|
|Introduction to Section II||p. 75|
|Morality and Natural Sentiment||p. 79|
|Goodness as Simple and Indefinable||p. 96|
|The Emotive Theory of Ethics||p. 103|
|A Critique of Non-Cognitivism||p. 119|
|A New Divine Command Theory||p. 135|
|Morality, objectivity, and knowledge||p. 145|
|Introduction to Section III||p. 147|
|The Challenge of Cultural Relativism||p. 151|
|Ethics and Observation||p. 159|
|Moral Explanations||p. 164|
|The Subjectivity of Values||p. 181|
|The Objectivity of Ethics||p. 195|
|Moral Skepticism||p. 209|
|But I Could be Wrong||p. 224|
|Normative ethics: consequentialism||p. 235|
|Introduction to Section IV||p. 237|
|A Critique of Utilitarianism||p. 253|
|Classical Utilitarianism||p. 262|
|Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality||p. 266|
|Scalar Morality||p. 296|
|Should the Numbers Count?||p. 310|
|Normative ethics: deontology||p. 321|
|Introduction to Section V||p. 323|
|Morality and Rationality||p. 327|
|Reading Kant's Groundwork||p. 343|
|The Right to Lie: Kant on Dealing with Evil||p. 360|
|Maria Von Herbert's Challenge to Kant||p. 377|
|A Theory of Justice||p. 387|
|Contractualism and Utilitarianism||p. 403|
|What Makes Right Acts Right?||p. 410|
|Virtue and character||p. 427|
|Introduction to Section VI||p. 429|
|The Nature of Moral Virtue||p. 433|
|Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach||p. 446|
|Virtue and Vice||p. 460|
|Beyond Morality||p. 474|
|Persons, Character, and Morality||p. 489|
|Moral Saints||p. 500|
|Virtue Ethics||p. 514|
|A Situationist Theory of Character||p. 525|
|Value and well-being||p. 541|
|Introduction to Section VII||p. 543|
|Pleasure as the Good||p. 547|
|The Experience Machine||p. 550|
|The Good Life||p. 552|
|Goodness as the Satisfaction of Informed Desire||p. 558|
|Facts and Values||p. 570|
|What Makes Someone's Life go Best?||p. 590|
|The Buck - Passing Account of Value||p. 598|
|Responsibility and moral psychology||p. 609|
|Introduction to Section VIII||p. 611|
|Freedom of The Will and The Concept of a Person||p. 615|
|The Genesis of Shame||p. 626|
|Freedom and Resentment||p. 643|
|Responsibility and the Limits of Evil: Variations on a Strawsonian theme||p. 659|
|Moral Luck||p. 675|
|Moral Responsibility and Determinism: The Cognitive Science of Folk Intuitions||p. 685|
|Introduction to Section IX||p. 727|
|The Secret Joke of Kant's Soul||p. 730|
|A Defense of Abortion||p. 731|
|Subsidized Abortion: Moral Rights and Moral Compromise||p. 743|
|Famine, Affluence, and Morality||p. 750|
|Beneficence, Duty and Distance||p. 759|
|What is Wrong with Slavery||p. 774|
|Between Consenting Adults||p. 786|
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