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Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Sixth Edition, features fifty-nine selections organized into three parts, providing instructors with great flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. Spanning 2,500 years of ethical theory, the first part, Historical Sources, ranges from ancient Greece to the twentieth century and now includes the complete text of John Dewey's Theory of Valuation. The second part, Modern Ethical Theory, includes many of the most important essays of the past century. The discussion of varieties of normative ethics continues in the work of major contemporary philosophers, while landmark selections reflect concern with moral language and the justification of morality. In the third part, Contemporary Moral Problems, the readings present the current debates over abortion, euthanasia, famine relief, environmentalism, and the use of torture in interrogations, as well as essays on the trolley problem, death, and the meaning of life. One-third of the selections are authored by women. Wherever possible, each reading is printed in its entirety.
The sixth edition adds study questions after each reading in order to help students delve more deeply into each work and also features eight new selections and expanded introductions. A password-protected Instructor's Manual is available on the book's Ancillary Resource Center.
Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of more than fifty books. Most recently, he wrote From Student to Scholar: A Candid Guide to Becoming a Professor (2008) and coauthored Happiness and Goodness: PhilosophicalReflections on Living Well (2015). Dr. Cahn is the editor of The World of Philosophy (OUP, 2015), Exploring Philosophy, Fifth Edition (OUP, 2014), Political Philosophy, Third Edition (OUP, 2014), and Exploring Ethics, Third Edition (OUP, 2013).
Peter Markie is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Missouri, Columbia. He is the author of Descartes's Gambit (1988) and the coauthor of Introducing Ethics (OUP, 2014).
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition Preface Introduction I. HISTORICAL SOURCES Introduction, Alasdair MacIntyre 1. Plato Euthyphro Defence of Socrates Crito Phaedo (115d-118) Republic (selections) 2. Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics (selections) 3. Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus Leading Doctrines 4. Cicero On Duties (selections) 5. Epictetus Enchiridion 6. Augustine Enchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love (selections) 7. Thomas Aquinas Summa Contra Gentiles (selections) 8. Thomas Hobbes Leviathan (selections) 9. Joseph Butler Fifteen Sermons (selections) [expanded] 10. David Hume A Treatise of Human Nature (selections) An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (selections) 11. Immanuel Kant Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals 12. Jeremy Bentham An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (selections) 13. John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism 14. Friedrich Nietzsche On the Genealogy of Morals (selections) * 15. John Dewey Theory of Valuation 16. Albert Camus The Myth of Sisyphus (selections) 17. Jean-Paul Sartre Existentialism Is a Humanism II. MODERN ETHICAL THEORY Introduction, James Rachels 18. G.E. Moore Principia Ethica (selections) 19. H.A. Prichard Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake? 20. A.J. Ayer Language, Truth, and Logic (selections) 21. C.L. Stevenson The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms 22. R.M. Hare Freedom and Reason (selections) * 23. J.J.C. Smart Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism 24. Bernard Williams A Critique of Utilitarianism 25. W.D. Ross The Right and the Good (selections) 26. John Rawls A Theory of Justice (selections) 27. David Gauthier Why Contractarianism? * 28. T.M. Scanlon Contractualism and Utilitarianism 29. Joel Feinberg The Nature and Value of Rights 30. Barbara Herman On the Value of Acting from the Motive of Duty 31. Philippa Foot Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives 32. Christine Korsgaard Skepticism about Practical Reason 33. Thomas Nagel Moral Luck 34. Susan Wolf Moral Saints 35. G.E.M. Anscombe Modern Moral Philosophy * 36. Julia Annas Being Virtuous and Doing the Right Thing 37. Virginia Held Feminist Transformations of Moral Theory 38. Gilbert Harman The Nature of Morality (selections) 39. Nicholas L. Sturgeon Moral Explanations 40. J.L. Mackie Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong (selections) 41. John McDowell Values and Secondary Qualities * 42. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong Moral Intuitionism Meets Empirical Psychology * 43. Mary Midgley Trying Out One's New Sword * 44. James Rachels Egoism and Moral Skepticism III. CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS Introduction, Peter Singer 45. Judith Jarvis Thomson A Defense of Abortion 46. Mary Anne Warren On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion 47. Don Marquis An Argument That Abortion is Wrong 48. Rosalind Hursthouse Virtue Theory and Abortion 49. James Rachels Active and Passive Euthanasia 50. Philippa Foot Killing and Letting Die 51. Peter Singer Famine, Affluence, and Morality 52. John Arthur Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code 53. Elliot Sober Philosophical Problems for Environmentalism 54. Henry Shue Torture 55. Daniel J. Hill Ticking Bombs, Torture, and the Analogy with Self-Defense 56. Judith Jarvis Thomson * The Trolley Problem 57. Judith Jarvis Thomson Turning the Trolley 58. Thomas Nagel Death 59. Richard Taylor The Meaning of Life