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Ethics : History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues,9780195142006
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Ethics : History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780195142006

ISBN10:
0195142004
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/16/2001
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $72.53
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Summary

The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, 2/e is organized into three sections, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first section, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through medieval views (Augustine and Aquinas) to modern theories (Hobbes, Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill), culminating with leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, James, Dewey, Camus, and Sartre). The readings are printed in their entirety wherever possible. The second section, Modern Ethical Theory, includes many of the most important essays of the past century. The discussion of utilitarianism, Kantianism, egoism, and relativism continues in the work of major contemporary philosophers (Williams, Brandt, Feinberg, Foot, and Rachels). Landmark selections (Moore, Prichard, Ross, Ayer, Stevenson, Anscombe, Baier, Hare, Harman, and Gauthier) reflect concern with moral language and the justification of morality. The concepts of justice (Rawls) and rights (Feinberg) are explored, as well as recent views on the importance of virtue ethics (MacIntyre and Rachels) and an ethic influenced by feminist concerns (Held). In the third section, Contemporary Moral Problems, the readings present the current debates over abortion, euthanasia, famine relief, animal rights, the death penalty, and affirmative action. This second edition features expanded selections from Plato's Republic , Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics , and Camus' The Myth of Sisyphus . It also includes articles by Michael Stocker on ethical theory; Jane English and Joel Feinberg on abortion; Thomas D. Sullivan on euthanasia; Hugo Adam Bedau on capital punishment; and Judith Jarvis Thomson, Robert Simon, and Steven M. Cahn on affirmative action.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction xi
I. HISTORICAL SOURCES
Introduction, Alasdair MacIntyre
1(4)
Plato
5(125)
Euthyphro
5(11)
Defence of Socrates
16(17)
Crito
33(9)
Phaedo (115d--118)
42(2)
The Republic (selections)
44(86)
Aristotle
130(54)
Nicomachean Ethics (selections)
130(54)
Epicurus
184(5)
Letter to Menoeceus
184(2)
Leading Doctrines
186(3)
Epictetus
189(12)
Enchiridion
189(12)
Augustine
201(7)
Enchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love (selections)
201(7)
Thomas Aquinas
208(16)
Summa Contra Gentiles (selections)
208(16)
Thomas Hobbes
224(22)
Leviathan (selections)
224(22)
Joseph Butler
246(15)
Fifteen Sermons (selections)
246(15)
David Hume
261(26)
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (selections)
261(26)
Immanuel Kant
287(39)
Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
287(39)
Jeremy Bentham
326(17)
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (selections)
326(17)
John Stuart Mill
343(35)
Utilitarianism
343(35)
Soren Kierkegaard
378(14)
Fear and Trembling (Problems I & II)
379(13)
Arthur Schopenhauer
392(7)
On the Sufferings of the World
392(7)
Friedrich Nietzsche
399(9)
Beyond Good and Evil (selections)
399(3)
On the Genealogy of Morals (selections)
402(3)
Twilight of the Idols (selections)
405(3)
William James
408(12)
The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life
408(12)
John Dewey
420(14)
The Quest for Certainty (selections)
420(14)
Albert Camus
434(9)
The Myth of Sisyphus (selections)
434(9)
Jean-Paul Sartre
443(18)
Existentialism Is a Humanism
443(8)
II. MODERN ETHICAL THEORY
Introduction, James Rachels
451(10)
G. E. Moore
461(6)
Principia Ethica (selections)
461(6)
H. A. Prichard
467(10)
Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?
467(10)
W. D. Ross
477(10)
The Right and the Good (selections)
477(10)
A. J. Ayer
487(6)
Language, Truth, and Logic (selections)
487(6)
C. L. Stevenson
493(11)
The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms
493(11)
R. M. Hare
504(10)
Freedom and Reason (selections)
504(10)
Kurt Baiser
514(15)
The Point of View of Morality
514(15)
G. E. M. Anscombe
529(12)
Modern Moral Philosophy
529(12)
John Rawls
541(23)
A Theory of Justice (selections)
541(23)
David Gauthier
564(11)
Why Contractarianism?
564(11)
Joel Feinberg
575(8)
Psychological Egoism
575(8)
Philippa Foot
583(6)
Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives
583(6)
Richard B. Brandt
589(17)
Some Merits of One Form of Rule Utilitarianism
589(17)
Bernard Williams
606(17)
A Critique of Utilitarianism
606(17)
Joel Feinberg
623(11)
The Nature and Value of Rights
623(11)
Gilbert Harman
634(11)
The Nature of Morality (selections)
634(11)
James Rachels
645(8)
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
645(8)
Michael Stocker
653(9)
The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories
653(9)
Alasdair MacIntyre
662(15)
After Virtue
662(15)
Virginia Held
677(16)
Reason, Gender and Moral Theory
677(16)
James Rachels
693(11)
The Ethica of Virtue
693(11)
J. O. Urmson
704(9)
Saints and Heroes
704(9)
Susan Wolf
713(13)
Moral Saints
713(13)
Thomas Nagel
726(13)
Moral Luck
726(9)
III. CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS
Introduction, Peter Singer
735(4)
Judith Jarvis Thomson
739(11)
A Defense of Abortion
739(11)
Michael Tooley
750(16)
Abortion and Infanticide
750(16)
Jane English
766(6)
Abortion and the Concept of a Person
766(6)
Joel Feinberg
772(10)
Abortion
772(10)
James Rachels
782(4)
Active and Passive Euthanasia
782(4)
Thomas D. Sullivan
786(4)
Active and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction?
786(4)
Philippa Foot
790(15)
Euthanasia
790(15)
Peter Singer
805(8)
Famine, Affluence, and Morality
805(8)
John Arthur
813(12)
Famine, Relief and the Ideal Moral Code
813(12)
Tom Regan
825(8)
The Case for Animal Rights
825(8)
Carl Cohen
833(7)
The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research
833(7)
Ernest van den Haag
840(10)
In Defense of the Death Penalty
840(10)
Hugo Adam Bedau
850(10)
Capital Punishment
850(10)
Judith Jarvis Thomson
860(12)
Preferential Hiring
860(12)
Robert Simon
872(5)
Preferential Hiring: A Reply to Judith Jarvis Thomson
872(5)
Steven M. Cahn
877(1)
Two Concepts of Affirmative Action
877


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