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Ethics: Essential Readings in Moral Theory



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Ethics: Essential Readings in Moral Theory is an outstanding anthology of the most important topics, theories and debates in ethics, compiled by one of the leading experts in the field. It includes sixty-six extracts covering the central domains of ethics: Why be moral? The Meaning of moral language Morality and Objectivity Consequentialism Deontology Virtue and character Value and well-being Moral psychology Applications: including abortion, famine relief and consent. Included are both classical extracts from Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant and Mill as well as contemporary classics from philosophers such as Thomas Nagel, Thomas Scanlon, Martha Nussbaum, Derek Parfit, and Peter Singer. A key feature of the anthology is that it covers the perennial topics in ethics as well as very recent ones, such as moral psychology, responsibility and experimental philosophy. Each section is introduced and placed in context by the editor, making this an ideal anthology for anyone studying ethics or ethical theory.

Author Biography

George Sher is Herbert S. Autrey Professor of Philosophy at Rice University, USA. He is the author of Desert (1987), Beyond Neutrality: Perfectionism and Politics (1997), Approximate Justice: Studies in Non-Ideal Theory (1997), In Praise of Blame (2006), and Who Knew? Responsibility Without Awareness (2009).

Table of Contents

Permissionsp. xi
Prefacep. xvii
Why be moral?p. 1
Introduction to Section Ip. 3
The Ring of Gygesp. 7
Psychological Egoismp. 14
Morality and Self-Interestp. 23
Morality and Advantagep. 34
The Authority of Normsp. 43
Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperativesp. 55
Moral Rationalismp. 62
The meaning of moral languagep. 73
Introduction to Section IIp. 75
Morality and Natural Sentimentp. 79
Goodness as Simple and Indefinablep. 96
The Emotive Theory of Ethicsp. 103
Expressivismp. 110
A Critique of Non-Cognitivismp. 119
Euthyphrop. 125
A New Divine Command Theoryp. 135
Morality, objectivity, and knowledgep. 145
Introduction to Section IIIp. 147
The Challenge of Cultural Relativismp. 151
Ethics and Observationp. 159
Moral Explanationsp. 164
The Subjectivity of Valuesp. 181
The Objectivity of Ethicsp. 195
Moral Skepticismp. 209
But I Could be Wrongp. 224
Normative ethics: consequentialismp. 235
Introduction to Section IVp. 237
Utilitarianismp. 241
A Critique of Utilitarianismp. 253
Classical Utilitarianismp. 262
Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Moralityp. 266
Rule-Consequentialismp. 281
Scalar Moralityp. 296
Should the Numbers Count?p. 310
Normative ethics: deontologyp. 321
Introduction to Section Vp. 323
Morality and Rationalityp. 327
Reading Kant's Groundworkp. 343
The Right to Lie: Kant on Dealing with Evilp. 360
Maria Von Herbert's Challenge to Kantp. 377
A Theory of Justicep. 387
Contractualism and Utilitarianismp. 403
What Makes Right Acts Right?p. 410
Particularismp. 418
Virtue and characterp. 427
Introduction to Section VIp. 429
The Nature of Moral Virtuep. 433
Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approachp. 446
Virtue and Vicep. 460
Beyond Moralityp. 474
Persons, Character, and Moralityp. 489
Moral Saintsp. 500
Virtue Ethicsp. 514
A Situationist Theory of Characterp. 525
Value and well-beingp. 541
Introduction to Section VIIp. 543
Pleasure as the Goodp. 547
The Experience Machinep. 550
The Good Lifep. 552
Goodness as the Satisfaction of Informed Desirep. 558
Facts and Valuesp. 570
Perfectionismp. 576
What Makes Someone's Life go Best?p. 590
The Buck - Passing Account of Valuep. 598
Responsibility and moral psychologyp. 609
Introduction to Section VIIIp. 611
Freedom of The Will and The Concept of a Personp. 615
The Genesis of Shamep. 626
Freedom and Resentmentp. 643
Responsibility and the Limits of Evil: Variations on a Strawsonian themep. 659
Moral Luckp. 675
Moral Responsibility and Determinism: The Cognitive Science of Folk Intuitionsp. 685
Applicationsp. 725
Introduction to Section IXp. 727
The Secret Joke of Kant's Soulp. 730
A Defense of Abortionp. 731
Subsidized Abortion: Moral Rights and Moral Compromisep. 743
Famine, Affluence, and Moralityp. 750
Beneficence, Duty and Distancep. 759
What is Wrong with Slaveryp. 774
Between Consenting Adultsp. 786
Deathp. 803
Indexp. 809
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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