9780205672363

Ethics : Theory and Practice

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780205672363

  • ISBN10:

    0205672361

  • Edition: 10th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/2009
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Summary

With a clear presentation,Ethics: Theory and Practiceeducates readers about ethical theory and has them apply what they learn to specific classic and contemporary moral problems (lying, cheating, establishing ethical business practices, honoring ethical obligations in medicine, etc.). Jacques P. Thiroux first wrote this text 1977 in order to educate readers about ethical theory and its applications in a way that beginning students could understand. The result was an accessible text that isn't too technical and doesn't plunge into complex readings without sufficient background. The text is fully updated with global issues and non-Western ethical views. Keith W. Krasemann now continues Thiroux's efforts of making Ethical Ideas accesible to students. Besides updating the foundations of the text, Krasemann incoporates new and relevant material, most of which is often unique only to this text.

Table of Contents

Preface
The Nature of Morality
Objectives
What is Philosophy and Ethics Relationship to It?
Key Terms
Approaches to the Study of Morality
Morality and Its Applications
Where Does Morality Come From?
Customary or Traditional and Reflective Morality
Morality, Law, and Religion
Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development
Why Should Human Beings Be Moral?
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality
Objectives
Psychological Egoism
Ethical Egoism
Utilitarianism
Difficulty with Consequentialist Theories in General
Care Ethics
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality
Objectives
Act Nonconsequentialist Theories
Rule Nonconsequentialist Theories
General Criticisms of Nonconsequentialist Theories
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Virtue Ethics
Objectives
Definition of Terms
Aristotles Nichomachean Ethics
Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation
Confucian Role Ethics
Contemporary Analysis of Virtue Ethics
Who Is The Ideal Virtuous Person?
Vice and Virtue
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Excersices for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Absolutism versus Relativism
Objectives
The Meanings of Absolute
The Meaning of Relative
Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism
Propositions and Truth
Conclusion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Freedom versus Determinism
Objectives
The Meaning of Determinism
Types and Theories of Determinism
Fatalism and Hard and Soft Determinism
Indeterminism
Criticisms of Hard Determinism and Arguments for Freedom
Conclusion: Soft Determinism
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Reward and Punishment
Objectives
Definition of Key Terms
Reward and Punishment in Relationship to Justice
Elements of Justice
Reward
Theories of How to Reward
John Rawls and His Theory of Justice
Punishment
Theories of Punishment
Is a Synthesis Possible?
Human Rights
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Notes
Research Navigator
Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles
Objectives
Conflicting General Moral Issues
Basic Assumptions
Basic Principles, Individual Freedom, and Their Justification
Priority of the Basic Principles
A General Way of Determining Priority
Two Categories
How the System of Humanitarian Ethics Works
Conclusion
Chapter Summary
Exercises for Review
Discussion Questions
Note
Research Navigator
The Taking of Human Life
Objectives
The Taking of Human Life
Suicide
Defense of the Innocent (the Self Included)
Cases for Study and Discussion
WarTerrorism
Cases for Study and Discussion
Capital Punishment
Cases for Study and Discussion
Chapter Summary
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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