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Everything's an Argument,9780312447496

Everything's an Argument

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780312447496

ISBN10:
0312447493
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/17/2006
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's
List Price: $34.99
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Summary

Everything's an Argument'sunique, student-centered approach to teaching argument has made it the best-selling brief argument text on the market. The book's engaging, informal style shows students first how to read and analyze a wide range of argumentative texts -- verbal and visual, scholarly and "real world" -- and then how to use what they learn to write their own arguments. Andrea Lunsford and John Ruszkiewicz's instruction is fresh, elegant, and jargon-free, emphasizing inclusivity (moving beyond simple pro/con positions), humor, and visual argument to makeEverything's an Argumentimmediately accessible. Students like this book because it helps them see and understand that a world of argument already surrounds them; instructors like it because it helps students construct their own arguments about that world.

Author Biography

ANDREA A. LUNSFORD is professor of English at Stanford University and also teaches at the Bread Loaf School of English. A past chair of the CCCC, she has won the major publication awards in both the CCCC and MLA. For Bedford/St. Martin's, she is the author of the St. Martin's Handbook (2007); Easy Writer (2006); The Everyday Writer (2005); The Presence of Others (2004), with John Ruszkiewicz; and Everything's an Argument with Readings (2007), with John Ruszkiewicz and Keith Walters.


JOHN J. RUSZKIEWICZ is professor of rhetoric and composition and director of the division of rhetoric and composition at the University of Texas at Austin. For Bedford/St. Martin's, he is the author of The Presence of Others (2004), with Andrea Lunsford; and Everything's an Argument with Readings (2007), with Andrea Lunsford and Keith Walters.

Table of Contents

PART I. READING ARGUMENTS

1. Everything Is an Argument

           *NOT JUST WORDS

Purposes Of Argument
        Arguments to Inform
        Arguments to Convince
        Arguments to Explore
        Arguments to Make Decisions
        Arguments to Meditate or Pray
Occasions for Argument
        Arguments About the Past
        Arguments About the Future
        Arguments About the Present
            CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT
Kinds of Argument
        Arguments of Fact — Did Something Happen?
        Arguments of Definition — What Is the Nature of the Thing?
        Arguments of Evaluation — What Is the Quality of the Thing?
        Proposal Arguments — What Actions Should Be Taken?
    *Stasis Questions at Work
    *Audiences for Arguments
             *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT... 
    *Appealing to Audiences
        *Emotional Appeals
        *Ethical Appeals
        *Logical Appeals
        *Arguments and their Rhetorical Situations
        Respond

2. Arguments from the Heart
             *NOT JUST WORDS
Understanding How Emotional Arguments Work
Using Emotions to Build Bridges
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARUMENT...
Using Emotions to Sustain an Argument
Using Humor
Using Arguments from the Heart
        Respond

3. Arguments Based on Character
            *NOT JUST WORDS
Understanding How Arguments Based on Character Work
Claiming Authority
            CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT
Establishing Credibility
*Coming Clean about Motives
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
        Respond

4. Arguments Based on Facts and Reason
            *NOT JUST WORDS
Hard Evidence
Reason and Common Sense
Logical Structures for Argument
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
        Respond

*5. Thinking Rhetorically
*Composing a Rhetorical Analysis
*Understanding the Purpose of An Argument
*Understanding What Makes an Argument
*Identifying and Appealing to Audiences
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
*Examining Arguments from the Heart: Pathos
*Examining Arguments Based On Character
*Examining Arguments Based On Fact And Reason
*Examining The Shape and Media of Arguments
            *NOT JUST WORDS
*Looking at Style
*Examining A Rhetorical Analysis
        Derek Bok, Protecting Freedom of Expression at Harvard
        Milena Ateya, A Curse and a Blessing
*Guide to Writing a Rhetorical Analysis
        *Finding a Topic
        *Researching Your Topic
        *Formulating a Claim
        *Examples of Possible Claims for a Rhetorical Analysis
        *Preparing a Proposal
        *Thinking about Content and Organization
        *Getting and Giving Response
        *Respond

PART II. WRITING ARGUMENTS

6. Structuring Arguments
              *NOT JUST WORDS
Toulmin Argument
            CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT
*Outline of a Toulmin Argument
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
A Toulmin Analysis
        Alan M. Dershowitz, Testing Speech Codes
*What Toulmin Teaches
Beyond Toulmin
        Respond

*7. Arguments of Fact
*Understanding Arguments of Fact
             *NOT JUST WORDS
*Characterizing Factual Arguments
*Developing a Factual Argument
        *Identifying an Issue
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
*Key Features of Factual Arguments
*Guide to Writing an Argument of Fact
        *Finding a Topic
        *Researching a Topic
         *Formulating a Hypothesis
         *Examples of Arguable Factual Claims
        *Preparing a Proposal
        *Thinking about Organization
        *Getting and Giving Response
        *Respond
*Two Sample Factual Arguments
        *Michael Osofsky, "The Psychological Experience of Security Officers Who Work With Executions"
        *FactCheck.Org, "Abortion Distortions"

8. Arguments of Definition
            *NOT JUST WORDS
Understanding Arguments of Definition
Kinds of Definition
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
Developing a Definitional Argument
Key Features of Definitional Arguments
Guide to Writing an Argument of Definition
        Respond
Two Sample Definitional Arguments
        Sayoh Mansaray, "The Offbeat Allure of Cult Films"
        Lynn Peril, "Pink Think"

9. Evaluations
Understanding Evaluations
Criteria of Evaluations
Characterizing Evaluation
            *NOT JUST WORDS
Developing an Evaluative Argument
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
Key Features of Evaluations
Guide to Writing an Evaluative Argument
        Respond
Two Sample Evaluations
        Nisey Williams, "Why I Hate Britney"
        *Jon Pareles, "The Case Against Coldplay"

10. Causal Arguments
Understanding Causal Arguments
Characterizing Causal Arguments
            *NOT JUST WORDS
Developing Causal Arguments
            *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
Key Features of Causal Arguments
Guide to Writing a Causal Argument
        Respond
Two Sample Causal Arguments
        La Donna Beatty, "What Makes a Serial Killer?"
        *Dana Gioia, "Why Literature Matters"

11. Proposals
Understanding and Categorizing Proposals
*Proposals about Practices
*Proposals about Policies
Characterizing Proposals
Developing Proposals
Key Features of Proposals
Guide to Writing a Proposal
        Respond
            *NOT JUST WORDS
             *IF EVERYTHING'S AN ARGUMENT...
Two Sample Proposals
        *Manasi Deshpande, "A Call to Improve Campus Accessibility for the Mobility Impaired"
        *P.J. O'Rourke, "Mass Transit Hysteria"

PART III. STYLE AND DELIVERY IN ARGUMENTS

*12. Style and Argument
            *NOT JUST WORDS
*Style and Word Choice
*Sentence Structure And Argument
*Punctuation and Argument
Tropes
Schemes
Dangers of Unduly Slanted Language
        Respond

13. Humor In Arguments
Understanding Humor as Argument
Characterizing Kinds of Humor
Developing Humorous Arguments
Key Features of Humorous Arguments
        Respond

14. Visual Arguments
The Power of Visual Arguments
Shaping The Message
Achieving Visual Literacy
Analyzing Visual Elements of Arguments
Using Visuals in Your Own Arguments
        Respond

*15. Presenting Arguments
*Print Presentations
*Oral/Multimedia Presentations
The Role of Visuals in Oral/Multimedia Arguments
*Web-Based Presentations
        *Respond



PART IV. CONVENTIONS OF ARGUMENT

16. What Counts as Evidence
Evidence and the Rhetorical Situation
Firsthand Evidence and Research
            CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT
Secondhand Evidence and Research
*Two Important Distinctions
Some Questions for Beginning Research
Using Evidence Effectively
        Respond

17. Fallacies of Argument
Flashpoints of Emotional Argument
Scare Tactics
Either-Or Choices
Slippery Slope
Sentimental Appeals
Bandwagon Appeals
Flashpoints of Ethical Argument
Appeals to False Authority
Dogmatism
Moral Equivalence
Ad Hominem Arguments
Flashpoints of Logical Argument
Hasty Generalization
Faulty Causality
Begging the Question
Equivocation
Non Sequitur
Faulty Analogy
        Respond

18. Intellectual Property, Academic Integrity, and Avoiding Plagiarism
Crediting Sources in Arguments
Citing Sources and Recognizing Plagiarism
Inaccurate or Incomplete Citation of Sources
Acknowledging Your Use of Sources
            CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT
Using Copyrighted Internet Sources
Acknowledging Collaboration
        Respond

19. Evaluating and Using Sources
Evaluating Sources
Using Sources
Cultural Contexts for Argument
        Respond

20. Documenting Sources
MLA Style
        Sample First Page for an Essay In MLA Style
        Sample List of Works Cited for an Essay in MLA Style
APA Style
        Respond
 
* new to this edition


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