9781319085742

Everything's an Argument with Readings with 2016 MLA Update

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319085742

  • ISBN10:

    1319085741

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/7/2016
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

THIS TITLE HAS BEEN UPDATED TO REFLECT THE 2016 MLA UPDATES! Our editorial team has updated this text based on content from The MLA Handbook, 8th Edition. Browse our catalog or contact your representative for a full listing of updated titles and packages, or to request a custom ISBN.

Pairing a best-selling argument text with a thematic reader, Everything’s an Argument with Readings teaches students to analyze the arguments that surround them every day and to create their own. The book starts with proven instructional content by composition luminaries Andrea Lunsford and John Ruszkiewicz, covering five core types of arguments. Revised based on feedback from its large and devoted community of users, the seventh edition offers a new chapter on multimedia argument and more than 35 readings across perspectives and genres, from academic essays and newspaper editorials to tweets and infographics.

Combine the text with LaunchPad for Everything’s an Argument with Readings for even more engaging content and new ways to get the most out of your course. Access unique, book-specific materials in a fully customizable online course space; then adapt, assign, and integrate our resources with yours. This LaunchPad includes:
  • Interactive exercises and tutorials for reading, writing, and research
  • LearningCurve adaptive, game-like practice that helps students focus on the topics where they need the most help, such as fallacies, claims, evidence, and other key elements of argument
  • Reading comprehension quizzes

Everything’s an Argument is also available in a brief version without the reader.

Author Biography

Andrea Lunsford, Louise Hewlett Nixon Professor of English emerita and former Director of the Program in Writing and Rhetoric at Stanford University, joined the Stanford faculty in 2000. Prior to this appointment, Lunsford was Distinguished Professor of English at The Ohio State University (1986-2000). She has also been Associate Professor and Director of Writing at the University of British Columbia (1977-86). Currently a member of the faculty of the Bread Loaf School of English, Professor Lunsford earned her B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of Florida and completed her Ph.D. in English at The Ohio State University (1977).

Professor Lunsford's scholarly interests include contemporary rhetorical theory, women and the history of rhetoric, collaboration and collaborative writing, current cultures of writing, intellectual property and composing, style, and technologies of writing. She has written or coauthored many books, including Essays on Classical Rhetoric and Modern Discourse; Singular Texts/Plural Authors: Perspectives on Collaborative Writing; and Reclaiming Rhetorica: Women in the History of Rhetoric, as well as numerous chapters and articles. For Bedford/St. Martin’s, she is the author of The St. Martin's Handbook, The Everyday Writer, EasyWriter, and Writing in Action; the co-author (with John Ruszkiewicz) of Everything’s an Argument and (with John Ruszkiewicz and Keith Walters) of Everything’s an Argument with Readings; and the co-author (with Lisa Ede) of Writing Together: Collaboration in Theory and Practice.

Professor Lunsford has conducted workshops on writing and program reviews at dozens of North American universities, served as Chair of the Conference on College Composition and Communication, as Chair of the Modern Language Association Division on Writing, and as a member of the MLA Executive Council.
John J. Ruszkiewicz is a professor at the University of Texas at Austin where he has taught literature, rhetoric, and writing for more than thirty-five years. A winner of the President’s Associates Teaching Excellence Award, he was instrumental in creating the Department of Rhetoric and Writing in 1993 and directed the unit from 2001-05. He has also served as president of the Conference of College Teachers of English (CCTE) of Texas, which gave him its Frances Hernández Teacher—Scholar Award in 2012. For Bedford/St. Martin's, he is coauthor, with Andrea Lunsford, of Everything’s An Argument; coauthor, with Jay T. Dolmage, of How to Write Anything with Readings; and the author of How To Write Anything and A Reader's Guide to College Writing.

Keith Walters is professor of applied linguistics at Portland State University. Much of his research focuses on language and identity in North Africa, especially Tunisia, and the United States. He has also taught freshman composition and English as a second/foreign language.

Table of Contents

Preface 
Part 1: Reading and Understanding Arguments  

1. Everything Is an Argument  
Why We Make Arguments  
Occasions for Argument  
Kinds of Argument 
STASIS QUESTIONS AT WORK  
Appealing to Audiences  
CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT 

2. Arguments Based on Emotion: Pathos
Reading Critically for Pathos
Using Emotions to Build Bridges
Using Emotions to Sustain an Argument
Using Humor
Using Arguments Based on Emotion

3. Arguments Based on Character: Ethos
Thinking Critically About Arguments Based on Character
Establishing Trustworthiness and Credibility
Claiming Authority
Coming Clean about Motives
CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT

4. Arguments Based on Facts and Reason: Logos
Thinking Critically About Hard Evidence 
Using Reason and Common Sense
CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT
Providing Logical Structures for Argument

5. Fallacies of Argument
Fallacies of Emotional Argument
Fallacies of Ethical Argument
Fallacies of Logical Argument 

6. Rhetorical Analysis
Composing a Rhetorical Analysis
Understanding the Purpose of Arguments You Are Analyzing
Understanding Who Makes an Argument
Identifying and Appealing to Audiences
Examining Arguments Based on Emotion: Pathos
Examining Arguments Based on Character: Ethos
Examining Arguments Based on Facts and Reason: Logos
Examining the Arrangement and Media of Arguments
Looking at Style
Examining a Rhetorical Analysis
     David Brooks, It’s Not about You
     Rachel Kolb, Understanding Brooks’s Binaries (student essay)
GUIDE TO WRITING A RHETORICAL ANALYSIS


Part 2: Writing Arguments

7. Structuring Arguments
The Classical Oration
Rogerian and Invitational Arguments
Toulmin Argument
     Deborah Tannen, Why Is Compromise Now a Dirty Word?
CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT

8. Arguments of Fact
Understanding Arguments of Fact
Characterizing Factual Arguments
Developing a Factual Argument
GUIDE TO WRITING AN ARGUMENT OF FACT
Projects
Two Sample Factual Arguments
     Taylor Pearson, Why You Should Fear Your Toaster More Than Nuclear Power (student essay)
     *Neil Irwin, What the Numbers Show about NFL Player Arrests

9. Arguments of Definition
Understanding Arguments of Definition
Kinds of Definition
Developing a Definitional Argument
GUIDE TO WRITING AN ARGUMENT OF DEFINITION
Projects
Two Sample Definitional Arguments
     *Natasha Rodriguez, Who Are You Calling Underprivileged? (student essay)
     *Joyce Xinran Liu, Friending: The Changing Definition of Friendship in the Social Media Era 

10. Evaluations
Understanding Evaluations
Criteria of Evaluation
Characterizing Evaluation
Developing an Evaluative Argument
GUIDE TO WRITING AN EVALUATION
Projects
Two Sample Evaluations
     Sean Kamperman, The Wikipedia Game: Boring, Pointless, or Neither? (student essay)
     *Hayley Tsukayama, My Awkward Week with Google Glass [New]

11. Causal Arguments
Understanding Causal Arguments
Characterizing Causal Arguments
Developing Causal Arguments
GUIDE TO WRITING A CAUSAL ARGUMENT
Projects
Two Sample Causal Arguments
     *Raven Jiang, Dota 2: The Face of Professional Gaming (student essay)
     John Tierney, Can a Playground Be Too Safe?

12. Proposals
Understanding and Categorizing Proposals
Characterizing Proposals
Developing Proposals
GUIDE TO WRITING A PROPOSAL
Projects
Two Sample Proposals
     Manasi Deshpande, A Call to Improve Campus Accessibility (student essay)
     *Virginia Postrel, Let’s Charge Politicians for Wasting Our Time


Part 3: Style and Presentation in Arguments

13. Style in Arguments
Style and Word Choice
Sentence Structure and Argument
Punctuation and Argument
Special Effects: Figurative Language
CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT

14. Visual Rhetoric
The Power of Visual Arguments
Using Visuals in Your Own Arguments

15. Presenting Arguments
Class and Public Discussions
CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR ARGUMENT
Preparing a Presentation

* 16. Multimedia Arguments
Old Media Transformed by New Media
New Content in New Media
New Audiences in New Media
Analyzing Multimedia Arguments 
Making Multimedia Arguments


Part 4: Research and Arguments

17. Academic Arguments
Understanding What Academic Argument Is
Developing an Academic Argument
Two Sample Academic Arguments 
     *Charlotte Geaghan-Breiner, Where the Wild Things Should Be: Healing Nature Deficit        
     Disorder through the Schoolyard
(student essay)
     Lan Xue, China: The Prizes and Pitfalls of Progress

18. Finding Evidence
Considering the Rhetorical Situation
Cultural Contexts for Argument
Using Data and Evidence from Research Sources
SEARCHING ONLINE OR IN DATABASES
Collecting Data on Your Own

19. Evaluating Sources
Assessing Print Sources
Assessing Electronic Sources
Assessing Field Research

20. Using Sources
Practicing Infotention
Building a Critical Mass
Synthesizing Information 

21. Plagiarism and Academic Integrity
Giving Credit
Getting Permission for and Using Copyrighted Internet Sources
Acknowledging Your Sources Accurately and Appropriately
Acknowledging Collaboration

22. Documenting Sources
MLA Style
APA Style


Part 5: Arguments

23. How Does Popular Culture Stereotype You?
      Stephanie Hanes, Little Girls or Little Women? The Disney Princess Effect 
      *Making a Visual Argument: Cartoons and Stereotypes
      *Amy Stretten, Appropriating Native American Imagery Honors No One But the Prejudice 
      Charles A. Riley II, Disability and the Media: Prescriptions for Change
      Claude M. Steele, from Whistling Vivaldi and Other Clues to How Stereotypes Affect Us 
      *Melina C. R. Burgess, et al., Playing with Prejudice: The Prevalence and Consequences of
      Racial Stereotypes in Video Games 
      *Amy Zimmerman, It Ain’t Easy Being Bisexual on TV 

*24. What’s Globalization Doing to Language?
      *Lebanon Daily News, Coca-Cola’s Multilingual “America” Ad Didn’t Hit Any Wrong Notes 
      *Kirk Semple, Immigrants Who Speak Indigenous Languages Encounter Isolation
      *Scott L. Montgomery, from Does Science Need a Global Language?: English and the 
      Future of Research
 
      *Making a Visual Argument: Santos Henarejos, Speak My Language [Infographic] 
      *Nicholas Ostler, Is It Globalization that Endangers Languages?
      *Rosa Eveleth, Saving Languages Through Korean Soap Operas

25. Why Is Sustainability Important When It Comes to Food?
      *Christian R. Weisser, “Sustainability”
      *Robert Paarlberg, Attention Whole Foods Shoppers 
      *Barbara Kingsolver and Steven L. Hopp, “‘Springing Forward’” and “‘The Strange Case of
      Percy Schmeiser’” from Animal, Vegetable, Miracle
      *David H. Freedman, Are Engineered Foods Evil? 
      Making a Visual Argument: Claire Ironside, Apples to Oranges 
      Eric Mortenson, A Diversified Farm Prospers in Oregon’s Willamette Valley by Going
      Organic and Staying Local 
      *Katherine Gustafson, from Change Comes to Dinner 

26. What Should “Diversity on Campus” Mean and Why?
      *Making a Visual Argument: Diversity Posters 
      *Deena Prichep, A Campus More Colorful than Reality: Beware That College Brochure  
      *Sarah Fraas, Trans Women at Smith: The Complexities of Checking “Female”
      *Young M. Kim and James S. Cole, Student Veterans/Service Members’ Engagement in
      College and University Education
      *Shabana Mir, from Muslim American Women on Campus: Undergraduate Social Life and
       Identity 
      *Sheryll Cashin, from Place, Not Race: A New Vision of Opportunity in America 
      Walter Benn Michaels, The Trouble with Diversity: How We Learned to Love Identity and
      Ignore Inequality  

*27. How Has the Internet Changed the Meaning of Privacy?
      *Daniel J. Solove, The Nothing-to-Hide Argument
      *Rebecca Greenfield, What Your Email Metadata Told the NSA About You 
      *Making a Visual Argument: Cartoons
      *danah boyd and Kate Crawford, from “Six Provocations for Big Data”
      *Todd Zwillich and Christian Rudder, It’s Not OK Cupid: Co-Founder Defends User
      Experiments 
      *Supreme Court of the United States, Riley v. California
      *Amy Davidson, Four Ways the Riley Ruling Matters for the NSA

Glossary
Index

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