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Evolutionary Ecology,9780321042880
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Evolutionary Ecology

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780321042880

ISBN10:
0321042883
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Benjamin Cummings
List Price: $161.00
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Summary

This classic text presents a unique evolutionary approach to ecology. The entire text has been improved, updated, and extensively reorganized and a new chapter (16) has been added. The Sixth Edition reflects the extent to which humans now dominate ecosystems, with anthropogenic (human) effects interwoven into every chapter.

Table of Contents

Preface xii
Background
1(15)
Scaling in Biology
1(1)
Scientific Methods and Human Knowledge
2(3)
Domain of Ecology: Definitions and Groundwork
5(3)
The Urgency of Basic Ecological Research
8(2)
Natural Selection
10(2)
Levels of Approach in Biology
12(1)
Debates and Progress in Ecology
13(3)
History and Biogeography
16(13)
Self-Replicating Molecular Assemblages
16(1)
The Geological Past
17(5)
Classical Biogeography
22(2)
Continental Drift
24(5)
Meteorology
29(19)
Earth's Physical Environment
29(1)
Major Determinants of Climate
30(5)
Local Perturbations
35(2)
Variations in Time and Space
37(5)
Global Weather Modification
42(6)
Climate and Vegetation
48(22)
Plant Life Forms and Biomes
48(1)
Microclimate
49(4)
Primary Production and Evapotranspiration
53(5)
Soil Formation and Primary Succession
58(3)
Ecotones and Vegetational Continua
61(2)
Classification of Natural Communities
63(2)
Aquatic Ecosystems
65(5)
Resource Acquisition and Allocation
70(40)
Limiting Factors and Tolerance Curves
70(2)
Resource Budgets and the Principle of Allocation
72(1)
Time, Matter, and Energy Budgets
73(2)
Leaf Tactics
75(3)
Foraging Tactics and Feeding Efficiency
78(5)
Physiological Ecology
83(1)
Physiological Optima and Tolerance Curves
84(2)
Energetics of Metabolism and Movement
86(4)
Adaptation and Deterioration of Environment
90(3)
Heat Budgets and Thermal Ecology
93(4)
Water Economy in Desert Organisms
97(1)
Other Limiting Materials
98(1)
Sensory Capacities and Environmental Cues
99(1)
Adaptive Suites
100(3)
Design Constraints
103(7)
Rules of Inheritance
110(14)
Basic Mendelian Genetics
110(5)
Nature versus Narture
115(1)
Selfish Genes
116(1)
Population Genetics
117(1)
Maintenance of Variability
118(2)
Units of Selection
120(2)
Genetic Engineering
122(2)
Evolution and Natural Selection
124(10)
Agents of Evolution
124(1)
Types of Natural Selection
124(2)
Ecological Genetics
126(1)
Allopatric and Sympatric Speciation
127(1)
Reproductive Isolating Mechanisms
128(1)
Galapagos Finches
129(5)
Vital Statistics of Populations
134(43)
Individuals Versus Populations
134(1)
Life Tables and Tables of Reproduction
135(7)
Net Reproductive Rate and Reproductive Value
142(5)
Stable Age Distribution
147(1)
Leslie Matrices
148(2)
Intrinsic Rate of Natural Increase
150(3)
Demographic and Environmental Stochasticity
153(1)
Evolution of Reproductive Tactics
154(1)
Reproductive Effort
155(5)
Expenditure per Progeny
160(3)
Patterns in Avian Clutch Sizes
163(6)
Evolution of Death Rates and Old Age
169(2)
Joint Evolution of Rates of Reproduction and Mortality
171(6)
Population Growth and Regulation
177(23)
Verhulst-Pearl Logistic Equation
177(5)
Derivtion of the Logistic Equation
182(1)
Density Dependence and Density Independence
182(2)
Opportunistic versus Equilibrium Populations
184(4)
Population Regulation
188(5)
Population ``Cycles'': Cause and Effect
193(7)
Sociality
200(28)
Use of Space: Home Range and Territoriality
200(3)
Sex
203(4)
Sex Ratio
207(4)
Sexual Selection and Mating Systems
211(9)
Fitness and an Individual's Status in Its Population
220(1)
Social Behavior and Kin Selection
220(5)
The Evolution of Self-Deceipt
225(3)
Interactions Between Populations
228(12)
Direct Interactions
228(1)
Complex Population Interactions
229(2)
Mutualistic Interactions and Symbiotic Relationships
231(5)
Indirect Interactions
236(4)
Competition
240(27)
Mechanisms of Competition
240(1)
Lotka-Volterra Competition Equations
241(7)
Competitive Exclusion
248(1)
Balance Between Intraspecific and Interspecific Competition
249(3)
Evolutionary Consequences of Competition
252(1)
Laboratory Experiments
252(2)
Evidence from Nature
254(10)
Other Prospects
264(3)
The Ecological Niche
267(27)
History and Definitions
267(2)
The Hypervolume Model
269(2)
Niche Overlap and Competition
271(3)
Niche Dynamics
274(1)
Niche Dimensionality
275(4)
Niche Breadth
279(10)
Evolution of Niches
289(5)
Experimental Ecology
294(8)
Design of Experiments
294(1)
Ecological Experiments
294(5)
A Defaunation Experiment
299(3)
Predation and Parasitism
302(35)
Predation
302(2)
Predator-Prey Oscillations
304(8)
``Prudent'' Predation and Optimal Yield
312(1)
Selected Experiments and Observations
313(2)
Evolutionary Consequences: Prey Escape Tactics
315(7)
Parasitism
322(4)
Epidemiology
326(2)
Darwinian Medicine
328(1)
Coevolution
329(8)
Phylogenetics in Ecology
337(8)
Phylogenetic Systematics
337(1)
Vicariance Biogeography
338(1)
Phylogeny and the Modern Comparative Method
338(2)
Phylogenetically Independent Contrasts
340(1)
Evolutionary Ecomorphology
341(4)
Community and Ecosystem Ecology
345(43)
Systems and Macrodescriptors
345(2)
Systems Ecology
347(1)
Compartmentation
348(4)
The Community Matrix
352(3)
Biogeochemical Cycles in Ecosystems
355(1)
Principles of Thermodynamics
356(2)
Pyramids of Energy, Numbers, and Biomass
358(1)
Energy Flow and Ecological Energetics
359(4)
Secondary Succession
363(3)
Evolutionary Convergence and Ecological Equivalence
366(2)
Community Evolution
368(1)
Pseudocommunities
369(10)
Landscape Ecology and Macroecology
379(9)
Biodiversity and Community Stability
388(25)
Saturation with Individuals and with Species
388(2)
Species Diversity
390(4)
Latitudinal Gradients in Diversity
394(9)
Types of Stability
403(3)
Community Stability
406(7)
Island Biogeography and Conservation Biology
413(18)
Species-Area Relationships
414(2)
Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography
416(4)
Islands as Ecological Experiments: Some Examples
420(2)
The Taxon Cycle
422(2)
Experimental Biogeography
424(1)
Conservation Biology
424(7)
References 431(74)
Index 505


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