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Experiencing the World's Religions: Tradition, Challenge, and Change,9780767420433

Experiencing the World's Religions: Tradition, Challenge, and Change

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780767420433

ISBN10:
0767420438
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/2001
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill College
List Price: $58.25
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Summary

Experiencing the World's Religions is a leading seller because it successfully addresses what a person should know about religions, and why. Michael Molloy provides an exceptionally clear and compelling account of the teaching of the world's religions. The text covers all the essential material and goes beyond traditional approaches to personally connect students with the vitality of the great religions.

Table of Contents

Preface xvi
Understanding Religion
1(26)
First Encounter
1(1)
Why is There Religion?
2(8)
Speculations on the Sources of Religion
3(2)
Key Characteristics of Religion
5(2)
The Sacred
7(1)
Religious Symbolism
8(2)
Patterns Among Religions
10(4)
First Pattern: Focus of Beliefs and Practices
11(1)
Second Pattern: Religious Views of the World and Life
12(2)
Box: Is Goddess Worship Still Alive?
14(2)
Third Pattern: Religious Views of Male and Female
15(1)
Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Religion
16(1)
Key Critical Questions
17(3)
Why Study the Major Religions of the World?
20(1)
Box: Exploring Religion Through Travel
21(1)
The Pilgrimage
22(2)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
24(1)
For Fuller Understanding
24(1)
Related Readings
24(1)
Key Terms
25(2)
Oral Religions
27(32)
First Encounter
27(2)
Discovering Oral Religions
29(4)
Past Obstacles to the Appreciation of Oral Religions
29(2)
The Modern Recovery of Oral Religions
31(2)
Studying Oral Religions: Learning From Patterns
33(4)
Human Relationships with the Natural World
33(3)
Sacred Time and Sacred Space
36(1)
Box: An Iroquois Story of Origins
37(2)
Respect for Origins, Gods, and Ancestors
37(2)
Sacred Practices in Oral Religions
39(1)
Box: The Elima: Bambuti Girls Come of Age
40(1)
Life-Cycle Ceremonies
40(1)
Box: The Vision Quest
41(4)
Taboo and Sacrifice
42(2)
Shamanism, Trance, and Magic
44(1)
Box: Isaac Tens Becomes a Shaman
45(5)
Artifacts and Artistic Expression in Oral Religions
47(3)
Box: Halloween: ``Just Good Fun'' or Folk Religion?
50(1)
Personal Experience: Gods in Hawaii
51(3)
Oral Religions Today
54(1)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
55(1)
For Fuller Understanding
56(1)
Related Readings
56(1)
Key Terms
57(2)
Hinduism
59(46)
First Encounter
59(2)
The Origins of Hinduism
61(5)
The Earliest Stage of Indian Religion
62(1)
The Aryans and Their Religion
63(2)
The Vedas
65(1)
The Upanishads and the Axis Age
66(6)
The Origin of the Upanishads
66(1)
Important Concepts of the Upanishads
67(5)
Living Spiritually in the Everyday World
72(6)
The Bhagavad Gita
72(2)
The Caste System
74(1)
The Stages of Life
75(1)
The Goals of Life
76(1)
The Yogas
76(2)
Box: Hindu Meditation: More Than Emptying the Mind
78(2)
Devotional Hinduism
80(10)
The Trimurti: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
81(5)
Worship of the Divine Feminine: Devi
86(1)
The Guru as Object of Devotion
87(1)
Devotion to Animals
88(1)
Other Forms of Religious Devotion
89(1)
Box: Hindu Celebrations
90(1)
Personal Experience: Gazing into the Mother's Eyes
90(1)
Hinduism and the Arts
91(2)
Hinduism: Modern Challenges
93(8)
Mohandas Gandhi
95(2)
Hindu Influence beyond India
97(4)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
101(1)
For Fuller Understanding
102(1)
Related Readings
102(1)
Key Terms
102(3)
Buddhism
105(62)
First Encounter
105(1)
The Beginnings of Buddhism: The Life of the Buddha
106(5)
The Basic Teachings of Buddhism
111(5)
The Three Marks of Reality
111(2)
The Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path
113(3)
The Influence of Indian Thought on Early Buddhist Teachings
116(3)
Ahimsa: ``Do No Harm''
117(1)
The Soul and Karma
118(1)
Nirvana
118(1)
Box: Was the Buddha an Atheist?
119(1)
The Early Development of Buddhism
119(3)
Theravada Buddhism: The Way of the Elders
122(2)
Box: Buddhism in Thailand
124(3)
Theravada Teachings and Literature
124(1)
Theravada Art and Architecture
124(3)
Mahayana Buddhism: The ``Big Vehicle''
127(9)
New Ideals: Compassion and the Bodhisattva
127(2)
Mahayana Thought and Worldview
129(3)
Mahayana Literature
132(2)
Mahayana in China
134(1)
Mahayana in Korea
135(1)
Box: Buddhist Festivals
136(7)
Mahayana in Japan
137(1)
Some Major Schools of Mahayana
138(5)
Zen Buddhism: Enlightenment Through Experience
143(7)
Zen Techniques for Enlightenment
144(2)
Buddhism and the Arts of Japan
146(4)
Vajrayana Buddhism: The ``Diamond Vehicle''
150(6)
Origins, Practice, and Literature of Tibetan Buddhism
151(2)
Ritual and the Arts
153(3)
Personal Experience: Visiting the Dalai Lama
156(2)
Buddhism, the West, and Modern Challenges
158(4)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
162(1)
For Fuller Understanding
163(1)
Related Readings
163(1)
Key Terms
164(3)
Jainism and Sikhism
167(24)
First Encounter
167(1)
Shared Origins
168(1)
Jainism
169(1)
Background
169(1)
Mahavira and the Origins of Jainism
169(2)
Worldview
171(1)
Jain Ethics
172(2)
Box: Jains and Gentle Suicide
174(1)
The Development of Jainism and its Branches
175(1)
Digambaras
175(1)
Shvetambaras
175(1)
Sthanakavasis
176(1)
Terapanthis
176(1)
Jain Practices
176(2)
Jain Scriptures
178(1)
Jain Art and Architecture
178(2)
Sikhism
180(1)
Background
180(1)
Nanak and the Origins of Sikhism
180(1)
The Worldview and Teachings of Nanak
181(1)
The Development of Sikhism
182(2)
Box: The ``Five K's'' of the Sikh Khalsa
184(1)
Sikh Scriptures
184(1)
Sikhism and the Modern World
185(1)
Personal Experience: A Visit to the Golden Temple
186(2)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
188(1)
For Fuller Understanding
188(1)
Related Readings
188(1)
Key Terms
188(3)
Taoism and Confucianism
191(46)
First Encounter
191(1)
Basic Elements of Traditional Chinese Beliefs
192(3)
Taoism
195(1)
The Origins of Philosophical Taoism
195(4)
Laozi (Lao Tzu)
195(1)
The Tao Te Ching
195(4)
Box: The Seasons of Life
199(1)
Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu)
199(1)
The Basic Teachings of Philosophical Taoism
200(1)
Taoism and the Quest for Longevity
201(1)
Religious Taoism
202(2)
Taoism and the Arts
204(3)
Box: The Chinese Garden---Bridge to the Infinite
207(2)
Taoism and the Modern World
209(1)
Confucianism
209(1)
The Tao in Confucianism
209(1)
Box: Confucianism: Philosophy or Religion?
210(1)
The Life of Confucius
210(1)
Living According to Confucian Values
210(2)
Box: The Ideal Human Being
212(7)
The Five Great Relationships
213(3)
The Confucian Virtues
216(3)
Confucian Literature
219(1)
Box: The Five Classics and the Four Books
220(1)
The Development of Confucianism
220(6)
Schools of Philosophy
220(3)
The Development of Confucianism as a Religious System
223(3)
Box: Friends from Far Away
226(1)
Confucianism and the Arts
226(2)
Personal Experience: At a Confucian Temple
228(2)
Confucianism and the Modern World
230(3)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
233(1)
For Fuller Understanding
233(1)
Related Readings
234(1)
Key Terms
235(2)
Shinto
237(28)
First Encounter
237(1)
The Origins of Shinto
238(4)
The Historical Development of Shinto
242(3)
Accommodation with Buddhism and Confucianism
242(2)
Shinto and Japanese National Identity
244(1)
Box: Kamikaze Pilots and Shinto
245(1)
Essentials of Shinto Belief
246(1)
Box: Shinto Ethics: Basic Rules for the Twenty-First Century?
247(1)
Shinto Religious Practice
247(8)
Worship at Shrines
248(3)
Celebration of the New Year
251(1)
Observances of the Seasons and Nature
252(1)
Other Practices
252(3)
Personal Experience: A Temple High Above Kyoto
255(1)
Shinto and the Arts
255(3)
Architecture
256(1)
Music and Dance
257(1)
Shinto Offshoots: The New Religions
258(2)
Shinto and the Modern World
260(2)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
262(1)
For Fuller Understanding
262(1)
Related Readings
262(1)
Key Terms
263(2)
Judaism
265(56)
First Encounter
265(2)
An Overview of Jewish History
267(2)
The Hebrew Bible
269(1)
Box: Books of the Hebrew Bible
270(1)
Biblical History
271(9)
In the Beginning: Stories of Origins
271(3)
The World of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs
274(3)
Moses and the Law
277(3)
Box: The Ten Commandments
280(3)
The Judges and Kings
281(2)
Box: What's in a Name?
283(1)
Exile and Captivity
283(1)
Box: Zoroastrianism
284(1)
Return to Jerusalem and the Second Temple
285(1)
Cultural Conflict During the Second-Temple Era
285(4)
The Seleucid Period
286(1)
Responses to Outside Influences
286(3)
The Development of Rabbinical Judaism
289(5)
The Canon of Scripture and the Talmud
289(1)
Islam and Medieval Judaism
290(1)
The Kabbalah
291(1)
Christianity and Medieval Judaism
292(2)
Questioning and Reform
294(1)
Judaism and the Modern World
295(4)
Hitler and the Holocaust
295(2)
Creation of the State of Israel
297(2)
Personal Experience: A Visit to Anne Frank's House
299(1)
Jewish Belief
299(1)
Religious Practice
300(7)
The Jewish Sabbath
301(1)
Holy Days
301(4)
Jewish Dietary Practices
305(1)
Other Religious Practices
305(2)
Divisions Within Contemporary Judaism
307(5)
Culturally Based Divisions
307(2)
Observance-Based Divisions
309(3)
The Contributions of Judaism
312(3)
Jewish Identity and the Future of Judaism
315(1)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
316(1)
For Fuller Understanding
317(1)
Related Readings
317(1)
Key Terms
318(3)
Christianity
321(84)
First Encounter
321(2)
Box: The Christian System of Chronology: B.C. and A.D.
323(1)
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
323(7)
Jesus in the New Testament Gospels
326(3)
The Two Great Commandments
329(1)
Early Christian Beliefs and History
330(5)
Paul and Pauline Christianity
331(3)
The New Testament: Its Structure and Artistry
334(1)
Box: The Books of the New Testament
335(5)
The Christian Canon
339(1)
The Essential Christian Worldview
340(4)
The Early Spread of Christianity
344(3)
Influences on Christianity at the End of the Roman Empire
347(3)
Augustine
347(1)
Benedict and the Monastic Ideal
348(2)
The Eastern Orthodox Church
350(4)
Early Development
351(1)
Monasticism in the Eastern Church
351(2)
Eastern Orthodox Beliefs
353(1)
Box: Inside a Greek Orthodox Church
354(1)
Personal Experience: Inside the Monasteries on Mount Athos
355(2)
Christianity in the Middle Ages
357(5)
Christian Mysticism
358(1)
The Crusades, the Inquisition, and the Founding of Religious Orders
359(2)
The Late Middle Ages
361(1)
The Protestant Reformation
362(2)
Martin Luther
363(1)
Forms of Protestantism
364(1)
Box: Emphases of Protestant Christianity
364(4)
The Development of Christianity Following the Protestant Reformation
368(2)
The Catholic Reformation (Counter Reformation)
368(2)
Box: Emphases of Catholic Christianity
370(2)
The International Spread of Christianity
370(2)
Box: Martin Luther King, Jr.
372(6)
Nontraditional Christianity
373(5)
Christian Practice
378(7)
Sacraments and Other Rituals
378(3)
The Christian Year
381(2)
Devotion to Mary
383(2)
Christianity and the Arts
385(10)
Architecture
385(5)
Art
390(3)
Music
393(2)
Christianity Faces the Twenty-First Century
395(5)
The Challenges of Science and Secularism
395(2)
Contemporary Influences and Developments
397(3)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
400(1)
For Fuller Understanding
401(1)
Related Readings and Musical Recordings
402(1)
Key Terms
402(3)
Islam
405(52)
First Encounter
405(1)
The Life and Teachings of Muhammad
406(5)
Essentials of Islam
411(9)
The Five Pillars of Islam
414(6)
Box: The Islamic Religious Calendar: Festivals and Holy Days
420(2)
Additional islamic Religious Practices
420(2)
Box: Women in Islam: Contrasting Notions of Liberation
422(4)
Scripture: The Qur'an
423(3)
The Historical Development of Islam
426(5)
Expansion and Consolidation
426(2)
The Shiite and Sunni Division within Islam
428(3)
Sufism: Islamic Mysticism
431(4)
Sufi Beliefs
431(2)
Al-Ghazali and Sufi Brotherhoods
433(1)
Sufi Practice and Poetry
433(2)
Personal Experience: Ramadan in Morocco
435(3)
Islamic Law and Philosophy
438(3)
Islamic Law and Legal Institutions
438(1)
Islamic Philosophy and Theology
439(2)
Islam and the Arts
441(7)
Architecture
441(5)
Fine Art
446(2)
Islam and the Modern World
448(4)
Islam and Contemporary Life
448(3)
Islam in the West and Beyond
451(1)
Box: Malcolm X
452(2)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
454(1)
For Fuller Understanding
454(1)
Related Readings
455(1)
Key Terms
455(2)
Alternative Paths
457(34)
First Encounter
457(1)
Origins of New Religions
458(1)
Box: ``Cults,'' ``Sects,'' and New Religious Movements
459(1)
Neo-Paganism: WICCA and Druidism
460(1)
Box: WICCA's Eight Seasonal Celebrations
461(3)
Religions of the Yoruba Tradition: Santeria, Voodoo, and Candomble
464(3)
Box: Major Orishas (Ochas) of Santeria
467(1)
Theosophy
468(3)
Scientology
471(2)
Falun Gong
473(1)
Cao Dai
474(3)
Rastafarianism
477(3)
Baha'i
480(4)
New Religious Movements: A Special Role
484(1)
Personal Experience: Celebrating the Goddess
484(3)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
487(1)
For Fuller Understanding
487(1)
Related Readings
487(1)
Key Terms
488(3)
The Religious Search in the Modern World
491(36)
First Encounter
491(1)
Modern Influences on the Future of Religion
492(3)
The New World Order
493(2)
Box: Religion and Rock Music
495(16)
Multiculturalism and Interfaith Dialogue
495(3)
Women's Rights Movements
498(2)
Reassessment of Human Sexuality
500(3)
Science and Technology
503(4)
Secularism
507(2)
Environmental Challenges
509(2)
The Recurring Challenge of Change
511(2)
Naturism: A New Religious Phenomenon?
513(4)
Eclectic Spirituality
517(1)
Box: Religion and Movies
518(2)
Interrelatedness
519(1)
Box: Religion and Pop Culture
520(5)
Reverence and Respect
522(1)
Contemplative Practices
523(2)
Personal Experience: 2001 and Beyond
525(1)
Religion Beyond the Classroom
525(1)
For Fuller Understanding
526(1)
Related Readings
526(1)
Notes 527(10)
Credits 537(2)
Index 539


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