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Experimental Methodology,9780205308323
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Experimental Methodology

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780205308323

ISBN10:
0205308325
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 8th edition with a publication date of 7/1/2000.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

An introduction to the basic principles of psychological research (both experimental and non-experimental) with new coverage of qualitative research. Known for its readability, Experimental Methodology is organized so that each chapter focuses on a specific step in the research process. The primary orientation of this text is toward providing instruction in the experimental approach, but an introduction to non-experimental approaches such as ex-post facto research, correlational research, and survey research is provided. Rather than dichotomizing psychological research into descriptive and experimental research, this edition takes the more current approach of using the quantitative and qualitative research dichotomy, presented in Chapter 2. Christensen also contains strong coverage of research ethics. Experimental Methodology can be accompanied by a lab manual.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
What Is Science?
1(29)
Learning Objectives
1(2)
Introduction
3(1)
Methods of Acquiring Knowledge
4(6)
Science
10(3)
Advantage of the Scientific Method
13(1)
Characteristics of the Scientific Approach
13(5)
Objectives of Science
18(2)
Basic Assumptions Underlying Science
20(2)
Method versus Technique
22(2)
The Role of Theory in Science
24(1)
The Role of the Scientist in Science
25(5)
Summary
27(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
28(2)
Nonexperimental Research Approaches
30(30)
Learning Objectives
30(2)
Introduction
32(1)
Nonexperimental Quantitative Research
33(17)
Qualitative Research
50(10)
Summary
58(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
59(1)
The Experimental Research Approach
60(16)
Learning Objectives
60(1)
Introduction
61(1)
Causation
62(4)
The Psychological Experiment
66(6)
Experimental Research Settings
72(4)
Summary
74(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
75(1)
Problem Identification and Hypothesis Formation
76(24)
Learning Objectives
76(2)
Introduction
78(1)
Sources of Research Ideas
78(4)
Gender Bias in Research Ideas
82(1)
Ideas Not Capable of Scientific Investigation
83(1)
Review of the Literature
83(10)
Feasibility of the Study
93(1)
Formulating the Research Problem
94(1)
Formulating Hypotheses
95(5)
Summary
98(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
98(2)
Ethics
100(43)
Learning Objectives
100(2)
Introduction
102(1)
Research Ethics: What Are They?
103(5)
Ethical Dilemmas
108(5)
Development of the APA Code of Ethics
113(1)
Ethical Principles
114(9)
Issues Raised by the Code of Ethics
123(11)
Ethics of Animal Research
134(9)
Summary
141(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
142(1)
Variables Used in Experimentation
143(27)
Learning Objectives
143(1)
Introduction
144(1)
Types of Variables
145(1)
The Independent Variable
146(14)
The Dependent Variable
160(10)
Summary
168(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
169(1)
Control in Experimentation
170(25)
Learning Objectives
170(1)
Introduction
171(2)
Control of Extraneous Variables
173(1)
Extraneous Variables to be Controlled
174(7)
Research Participant and Experimenter Effects to Be Controlled
181(10)
Sequencing Effect to Be Controlled
191(1)
Additional Extraneous Variables to Be Held Constant
192(3)
Summary
193(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
194(1)
Techniques for Achieving Constancy
195(36)
Learning Objectives
195(2)
Introduction
197(1)
Randomization
197(6)
Matching
203(9)
Counterbalancing
212(6)
Control of Participant Effects
218(5)
Control of Experimenter Effects
223(5)
Likelihood of Achieving Control
228(3)
Summary
228(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
230(1)
Experimental Research Design
231(29)
Learning Objectives
231(2)
Introduction
233(1)
Faulty Research Design
234(4)
Requirements of True Research Designs
238(2)
Pretesting Participants
240(2)
True Research Designs
242(14)
Choice of a Research Design
256(4)
Summary
258(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
259(1)
Quasi-Experimental Designs
260(1)
Learning Objectives
260(2)
Introduction
262(1)
Nonequivalent Control Group Design
263(8)
Time-Series Design
271
Summary
276(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
276
Single-Case Research Designs
260(44)
Learning Objectives
277(2)
Introduction
279(2)
Single-Case Designs
281(1)
A-B-A Design
282(4)
Interaction Design
286(4)
Multiple-Baseline Design
290(4)
Changing-Criterion Design
294(2)
Methodological Considerations in Using Single-Case Designs
296(3)
Criteria for Evaluating Change
299(2)
Rival Hypotheses
301(3)
Summary
302(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
303(1)
Data Collection
304(21)
Learning Objectives
304(2)
Introduction
306(1)
Research Participants
306(3)
Sample Size
309(2)
Apparatus
311(3)
Instructions
314(1)
Scheduling of Research Participants
314(1)
Procedure
315(2)
Institutional Approval
317(1)
Data Collection
318(1)
Consent to Participate
318(2)
Debriefing, or Postexperimental Interview
320(5)
Summary
323(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
324(1)
Hypothesis Testing
325(33)
Learning Objectives
325(2)
Introduction
327(1)
Testing the Hypothesis
328(1)
The Mean
329(1)
Standard Deviation
330(2)
Selection of a Statistical Test
332(2)
Independent Samples t-Test
334(1)
Significance Level
335(3)
Analysis of Variance
338(16)
Potential Errors in the Statistical Decision-Making Process
354(4)
Summary
356(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
357(1)
External Validity
358(18)
Learning Objectives
358(2)
Introduction
360(1)
Population Validity
360(4)
Ecological Validity
364(3)
Temporal Validity
367(3)
Relationship Between Internal and External Validity
370(1)
Cautions in Evaluating the External Validity of Experiments
371(5)
Summary
374(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
375(1)
The Research Report
376(43)
Learning Objectives
376(1)
Introduction
377(2)
The APA Format
379(28)
Preparation of the Research Report
407(12)
Appendixes 419(6)
References 425(20)
Index 445


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