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Experiments in Physiology,9780130649942
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Experiments in Physiology

by ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780130649942

ISBN10:
0130649945
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Benjamin Cummings

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 8th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2002.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Laboratory manual is written in a workbook format to be easily used with any physiology text. Experiments are grouped in 23 teaching units including: lab reports, sample data, graphs, and enough experiments to be used in a semester-long course. Previous edition: c1997. Softcover, with three-hole punched perforated pages.

Table of Contents

Preface iii
To the Instructor iii
To the Student iv
Acknowledgements v
Fundamental Physiological Principles
1(8)
Units of Measurement
1(1)
Concentration of Solutions
2(3)
Acid-Base Balance
5(4)
Movement Through Membranes
9(12)
Diffusion
9(1)
Osmosis
10(1)
Tonicity
11(1)
Cell Permeability
12(9)
Renal Physiology
21(12)
Kidney Regulation of Osmolarity
21(1)
Urinalysis
22(11)
Neuroanatomy and Resting Potential
33(8)
Organization of the Nervous System
33(1)
Spinal Nerves and Spinal Cord
33(3)
Cranial Nerves
36(1)
External Structures and Landmarks of the Brain
36(1)
Sectioning of the Brain
37(4)
Membrane Action Potentials
41(14)
Resting and Action Potentials
41(1)
Stimulation of Tissues
41(1)
Oscilloscope
42(1)
Sciatic Nerve Compound Action Potential
42(13)
Reflex Functions and Synaptic Activity
55(10)
Human Reflexes
55(3)
Reaction Times
58(1)
Synaptic Activity
59(6)
Sensory Physiology I: Cutaneous, Hearing
65(12)
Sensory Receptors
65(1)
Cutaneous Receptors
65(2)
Hearing
67(10)
Sensory Physiology II: Vision
77(14)
Functions of the Eye
77(6)
Anatomy of the Eye
83(2)
Ophthalmoscopy
85(6)
Reproductive Physiology
91(10)
Influence of Hormones on Reproduction
91(2)
Testicular and Gonadotropic Hormones
93(1)
Ovarian Hormones and Estrus Cycle
94(2)
Pregnancy Tests
96(5)
Digestion
101(8)
Salivary Digestion of Carbohydrates
101(1)
Gastric Digestion of Protein
102(1)
Digestion of Fat with Pancreatic Lipase and Bile Salts
102(7)
Smooth Muscle Motility
109(4)
Responses of Intestinal and Uterine Segments
109(4)
Insulin Regulation of Blood Glucose
113(10)
Action of Glucose
113(1)
Glucose Tolerance Test
114(1)
Operation of the Glucometer II
115(8)
Measurement of Metabolic Rate
123(14)
Human Metabolism: Calorimetry
123(3)
Relationship of Metabolism to Surface Area and Body Weight
126(11)
Thyroid Function
137(8)
Thyroid Effects on Metabolism
137(2)
Thyroid Uptake of Iodine
139(6)
Nerve-Muscle Activity
145(22)
Dissection of Nerve-Muscle Preparation
145(4)
Isolated Muscle Responses
149(3)
Stimulation of Motor Points
152(15)
Cardiac Function
167(14)
Characteristics of Heart Contractility
167(1)
Anatomy of Amphibian or Reptilian Heart
167(1)
Physiology of Amphibian or Reptilian Heart
168(13)
Human Cardiovascular Function
181(14)
Auscultation of Heart Sounds
181(1)
Measurement of Blood Pressure
182(2)
Arterial Pulse Wave
184(2)
Valves in the Veins
186(1)
Electrocardiogram
186(4)
Electrical Axis of the Heart
190(5)
Respiratory Function
195(10)
Respiratory Movements
195(2)
Respiratory Volumes
197(2)
Pulmonary Function Tests
199(6)
Regulation of Circulation and Respiration
205(6)
Instrumentation
205(1)
Anesthetics for Rabbits
206(5)
Blood Physiology I: Erythrocyte Functions
211(14)
Functions of Blood
211(1)
Blood Hematocrit
211(1)
Hemoglobin Determination
212(2)
Blood Cell Counting
214(4)
Microcirculation
218(7)
Blood Physiology II: Leukocytes, Blood Types, Hemostasis
225(12)
Identification of White Blood Cells
225(3)
Blood Typing
228(4)
Blood Coagulation (Hemostasis)
232(5)
Physical Fitness
237(14)
Muscular Strength and Endurance
237(1)
Flexibility
238(1)
Body Composition
238(4)
Cardiorespiratory Endurance (Aerobic Fitness)
242(9)
Physiology of Exercise
251(8)
Parameters Modified by Exercise
251(8)
Appendix A: Precautions for Handling Blood 259(2)
Appendix B: Solutions 261(2)
Appendix C: Tables and Nomograms 263

Excerpts

TO THE INSTRUCTOR A laboratory manual is never the work of one author alone; it represents a blend of ideas from other lab manuals, other teachers, and personal experience in the laboratory. We have selected the experiments in this manual because they fulfill two key criteria: They produce consistently successful results--students need not be trained scientists to get meaningful data. They teach significant physiological concepts. The manual is written in a "generic" format so that it can be used with any text and with a variety of laboratory equipment. Detailed directions for operating specialized equipment are not included, so the manual is more versatile and less cluttered with excessive directions that are seldom read by students. The major change in the 8th Edition is the addition of a companion website with links to pages that will enhance a student's ability to understand the physiological principles behind the experiments. An ever increasing number of excellent web-based tutorials and animations are now available, each designed to illustrate a particular physiological process. We have attempted to collect the best of these and link them to the companion website. Our goal is to update the website on a regular basis to remove dead links, and to add new links. The companion website is at www.prenhall.com/tharpwoodman . The following features of the manual have made it an effective tool for student learning and efficient teaching by instructors. Experiments are grouped into 23 "teaching units".Each teaching unit consists of a group of related experiments suitable for a 3-hour laboratory period. By eliminating some of these experiments, an instructor can also provide an effective 2-hour lab. The teaching units presented are those that we have found can be successfully performed and discussed by students during a typical 3-hour lab. This grouping of experiments was initiated in the fourth edition and has been well received by instructors and students because it helps them better organize the learning that takes place each week. It also helps students focus on related concepts in physiology, thus maximizing their learning. A lab report for each teaching unit is provided after each exercise. Lab reports consist of data tables, graphs, and questions designed to stimulate students' thinking on what they have seen and done in lab. These reports can be removed from the manual and turned in for grading. The questions posed are not meant to be comprehensive but are to accent the major concepts explored experimentally in each unit. Most of the questions can be answered by short statements that can be easily graded by the lab instructor. Comments by instructors indicate that these lab reports are a major feature of the manual. Students have commented that the reports help them understand what they are doing in lab and make it easier to relate their findings to the theoretical concepts studied in lecture. Some questions are more complex than others; they require an application of knowledge of new situations. In the elementary physiology course, the Laboratory Report questions are used as a basis for discussion at the end of the lab period, and the answers to complex questions are provided after discussion. In upper-level courses, students are expected to think through these questions on their own. The Instructor's Guide provides sample data, graphs, and answers to questions in the lab reports. These experimental results represent average values obtained in our teaching labs; they provide guidelines the instructor may use to compare with his or her own results. Instructors are encouraged to devise additional questions for lab quizzes that probe students' knowledge of other facets of the lab experience. The Instructor's Guide also provides lists of materials and equ


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