Exploring American Histories: A Brief Survey, Value Edition, Volume II, Since 1865

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/3/2014
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Explore U.S. histories at an affordable price

Exploring American Histories, Value Edition, presents Nancy Hewitt and Steven Lawson's new U.S. history narrative in a two-color trade format with selected maps and images from the full-length text. The authors explore a variety of racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic perspectives and recognize the political, social, and economic contributions of both men and women in their narrative. Competitively priced to save your students money, the Value Edition includes online document projects and features Bedford/St. Martin's new digital history tools, including LearningCurve, an adaptive quizzing engine that garners over a 90% student satisfaction rate, and LaunchPad, the all new interactive e-book and course space that puts high quality easy-to-use assessment at your fingertips. Easy to integrate into your campus LMS, and featuring video, additional primary sources, a wealth of adaptive and summative quizzing, and more, LaunchPad cements student understanding of the text while helping them make progress toward learning outcomes.  It's the best content joined up with the best technology.

What's in the LaunchPad

Author Biography

Nancy A. Hewitt (Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania) is Professor of History and of Women’s and Gender Studies at Rutgers University. Her publications include Southern Discomfort: Women’s Activism in Tampa, Florida, 1880s-1920s, for which she received the Julia Cherry Spruill Prize from the Southern Association of Women Historians, Women’s Activism and Social Change: Rochester, New York, 1822-1872, and the edited volume No Permanent Waves: Recasting Histories of U.S. Feminism. She is currently working on a biography of the nineteenth-century radical activist Amy Post and a book that recasts the U.S. woman suffrage movement.

Steven F. Lawson (Ph.D., Columbia University) is Professor Emeritus of History at Rutgers University. His research interests include U.S. politics since 1945 and the history of the civil rights movement, with a particular focus on black politics and the interplay between civil rights and political culture in the mid-twentieth century. He is the author of many works including Running for Freedom: Civil Rights and Black Politics in America since 1941, Black Ballots: Voting Rights in the South, 1944-1969, and In Pursuit of Power: Southern Blacks and Electoral Politics, 1965-1982.

Table of Contents



Versions and Supplements

Maps, Figures, and Tables


14 Emancipations and Reconstructions, 1863–1877

American Histories: Jefferson Long and Andrew Johnson

     Prelude to Reconstruction

          African Americans Embrace Emancipation

          Reuniting Families Torn Apart by Slavery

          Free to Learn

          Black Churches Take a Leadership Role

     National Reconstructions

          Abraham Lincoln Plans for Reunion

         Andrew Johnson and Presidential Reconstruction

         Johnson and Congressional Resistance

          Congressional Reconstruction

          The Struggle for Universal Suffrage

     Remaking the South

          Whites Reconstruct the South

          Black Political Participation and Economic Opportunities

          White Resistance to Congressional Reconstruction

     The Unmaking of Reconstruction

          The Republican Retreat

          Congressional and Judicial Retreat

          The Presidential Compromise of 1876

     Conclusion: The Legacies of Reconstruction

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

[[e-pages icon]] Online Document Projects

Testing and Contesting Freedom

Reconstruction in South Carolina


15 Frontier Encounters, 1865–1896

American Histories: Annie Oakley and Geronimo

     Opening the West

          The Great Plains

          Federal Policy and Foreign Investment

     Conquest of the Frontier

          Indian Civilizations

          Changing Federal Policy toward Indians

          Indian Defeat

          Reforming Indian Policy

          Indian Assimilation and Resistance

     The Mining Frontier

          The Business of Mining

          Life in the Mining Towns

     Ranching and Farming Frontiers

          The Life of the Cowboy

          Farmers Head West

          Women Homesteaders

          The Economy of Farming on the Great Plains

     Pushing Farther West

          Mormons Head West


          The Chinese in the Far West

     Conclusion: The Ambiguous Legacy of the Frontier

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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American Indians and Whites on the Frontier

Women in the West


16 American Industry in the Age of Organization, 1877–1900

American Histories: Andrew Carnegie and John Sherman

     America Industrializes

          The New Industrial Economy

          Innovation and Inventions

          Building a New South

          Industrial Consolidation

          The Growth of Corporations

     Free Markets and Rugged Individuals

          The Doctrine of Success

          Challenges to Laissez-Faire

     Society and Culture in the Gilded Age

          Wealthy and Middle-Class Pleasures

          Changing Gender Roles

          Black America and Jim Crow

     National Politics in the Era of Industrialization

          Why Great Men Did Not Become President

          Congressional Inaction

          An Energized and Entertained Electorate

     Conclusion: Industry in the Age of Organization

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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Debates about Laissez-Faire

Labor and Race in the New South


17 Workers and Farmers in the Age of Organization, 1877–1900

American Histories: John McLuckie and Mary Elizabeth Lease

     Working People Organize

          The Industrialization of Labor

          Organizing Unions

          Clashes between Workers and Owners

          Working-Class Leisure in Industrial America

     Farmers Organize

          Farmers Unite

          Populists Rise Up

     The Depression of the 1890s

          Depression Politics

          Political Realignment in the Election of 1896

          The Decline of the Populists

     Conclusion: A Passion for Organization

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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The Pullman Strike of 1894

The Meanings of Populism


18 Cities, Immigrants, and the Nation, 1880–1914

American Histories: Beryl Lassin and Maria Vik

     A New Wave of Immigrants

          Immigrants Arrive from Many Lands

          Creating Immigrant Communities

          Hostility toward Recent Immigrants

          The Assimilation Dilemma

     Becoming an Urban Nation

          The New Industrial City

          Cities Expand Outward and Upward

          How the Other Half Lived

     Urban Politics at the Turn of the Century

          Political Machines and City Bosses

          Urban Reformers

     Conclusion: A Nation of Cities

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

[[e-pages icon]] Online Document Projects

"Melting Pot" or "Vegetable Soup"?

Class and Leisure in the American City


19 Progressivism and the Search for Order, 1900–1917

American Histories: Gifford Pinchot and Gene Stratton-Porter

     The Roots of Progressivism

          Progressive Origins


     Humanitarian Reform

          Female Progressives and the Poor

          Fighting for Women’s Suffrage

          Progressivism and African Americans

     Morality and Social Control


          The Crusade against Vice

          Immigration Restriction

     Good Government Progressivism

          Municipal and State Reform

          Conservation and Preservation of the Environment

     Presidential Progressivism

          Theodore Roosevelt and the Square Deal

          Taft Retreats from Progressivism

          The Election of 1912 and the Progressive Mandate

          Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom Agenda

     Conclusion: The Progressive Legacy

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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Progressivism and Social Control

The New Nationalism, the New Freedom, and the Election of 1912


20 Empire and Wars, 1898–1918

American Histories: Alfred Thayer Mahan and José Martí

     The Awakening of Imperialism

          The Economics of Expansion

          Cultural Justifications for Imperialism

          Gender and Empire

     The War with Spain

          Cuba Libre

          The War of 1898

          A Not-So-Free Cuba

          The Philippine War

     Extending U.S. Imperialism, 1899–1913

          Theodore Roosevelt and "Big Stick" Diplomacy

          Opening the Door in China

     Wilson and American Foreign Policy, 1912–1917

          Diplomacy and War

          Making the World Safe for Democracy

     Fighting the War at Home

          Government by Commission

          Winning Hearts and Minds

          Waging Peace

          The Failure of Ratification

     Conclusion: An American Empire

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

[[e-pages icon]] Online Document Projects

Imperialism versus Anti-Imperialism

The Committee on Public Information and Wartime Propaganda


21 An Anxious Affluence, 1919–1929

American Histories: D. C. Stephenson and Ossian Sweet

     Postwar Turmoil

          The Supreme Court and Civil Liberties

          The Red Scare, 1919–1920

          Racial Violence in the Postwar Era

     People of Plenty

          Government Promotion of the Economy

          Americans Become Consumers

          Perilous Prosperity

     Challenges to Social Conventions

          Breaking with the Old Morality

          The African American Renaissance

          Marcus Garvey and Black Nationalism

     Culture Wars

          Nativists versus Immigrants

          Resurrection of the Ku Klux Klan

          Fundamentalism versus Modernism

     Politics and the Fading of Prosperity

          The Battle for the Soul of the Democratic Party

          Where Have All the Progressives Gone?

          Financial Crash

     Conclusion: The Roaring Twenties

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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The Abrams Case and the Red Scare

The New Negro and the Harlem Renaissance


22 Depression, Dissent, and the New Deal, 1929–1940

American Histories: Eleanor Roosevelt and Luisa Moreno

     The Great Depression

          Hoover Faces the Depression

          Hoovervilles and Dust Storms

          Challenges for Minorities

          Families under Strain

          The Season of Discontent

     The New Deal

          Roosevelt Restores Confidence

          Steps toward Recovery

          Direct Assistance and Relief

          New Deal Critics

     The New Deal Moves to the Left

          Expanding Relief Measures

          Establishing Social Security

          Organized Labor Strikes Back

          A Half Deal for Minorities

          Twilight of the New Deal

     Conclusion: New Deal Liberalism

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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The Depression in Rural America

Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal and its Critics


23 World War II, 1933–1945

American Histories: J. Robert Oppenheimer and Fred Korematsu

     The Road toward War

          The Growing Crisis in Europe

          The Challenge to Isolationism

          The United States Enters the War

     Global War

          War in Europe

          War in the Pacific

          Ending the War

          Evidence of the Holocaust

     The Home-Front Economy

          Managing the Wartime Economy

          New Opportunities for Women

          Everyday Life on the Home Front

     Fighting for Equality at Home

          The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement

          Struggles for Mexican Americans

          The Ordeal of Japanese Americans

     Conclusion: The Impact of World War II

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb

Anti-Japanese Prejudice during World War II


24 The Opening of the Cold War, 1945–1954

American Histories: George Kennan and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

     The Origins of the Cold War, 1945–1947

         Mutual Misunderstandings

          The Truman Doctrine

          The Marshall Plan and Economic Containment

     The Cold War Hardens, 1948–1952

          Military Containment

          The Korean War

          The War and the Imperial Presidency

     Peacetime Challenges, 1945–1948

          Coming Home

          Economic Conversion and Labor Discontent

          The Postwar Civil Rights Struggle

          The Election of 1948

     The Anti-Communist Consensus, 1945–1954

          Loyalty and Americanism


     Conclusion: The Cold War and Anticommunism

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

[[e-pages icon]] Online Document Projects

McCarthyism and the Hollywood Ten

McCarthyism in Higher Education


25 Troubled Innocence, 1950–1961

American Histories: Alan Freed and Grace Metalious

     The Boom Years

          Economic Boom

          Baby Boom

          Suburban Boom

     The Culture of the 1950s

          The Rise of Television

          Wild Ones on the Big Screen

          The Influence of Teenage Culture

          The Lives of Women

          Religious Revival

          Beats and Other Nonconformists

     The Civil Rights Movement

          School Segregation and the Supreme Court

          The Montgomery Bus Boycott

          White Resistance to Desegregation

          The Sit-Ins

     The Eisenhower Era

          Modern Republicanism

          Eisenhower and the Cold War

          Cold War Interventions

          Early U.S. Intervention in Vietnam

          The Election of 1960

     Conclusion: Cold War Politics and Culture

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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Teenagers in Postwar America

The Postwar Suburbs


26 The Liberal Consensus and Its Challengers, 1960–1973

American Histories: Earl Warren and Bayard Rustin

     The Politics of Liberalism

          Kennedy’s New Frontier

          Containment in Southeast Asia

        Johnson Escalates the War in Vietnam

     Civil Rights

          Freedom Rides

          The Government Responds on Civil Rights

          Freedom Summer and Voting Rights

     Reforming the Social Order

          The Great Society

          The Warren Court

     Challenges to the Liberal Center

          Movements on the Left

          Women’s Liberation

          Power to the People

          The Revival of Conservatism

     Conclusion: Liberalism and Its Discontents

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

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Freedom Summer

Women’s Liberation


27 The Conservative Ascendancy, 1968–1992

American Histories: Allan Bakke and Anita Hill

     Richard M. Nixon, War, and Politics, 1969–1974

          The Election of President Nixon

          The Failure of Vietnamization

          Cold War Realism and Détente

          Pragmatic Conservatism at Home

          The Nixon Landslide and Disgrace, 1972–1974

     The Challenges of the 1970s

          Jimmy Carter and the Limits of Affluence

          The Persistence of Liberalism

          Racial Struggles Continue

     The Conservative Political Ascendancy

          The New Right Revival

          The Triumph of Ronald Reagan

          The Implementation of Social Conservatism

          The George H.W. Bush Presidency

     Conclusion: The Conservative Legacy

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

[[e-pages icon]] Online Document Projects

The Affirmative Action Debate

Debating the Vietnam War


28 Ending the Cold War, 1977–1991

American Histories: George Shultz and Barbara Deming

     Carter’s Diplomacy, 1977–1980

          The Perils of Détente

          Challenges in the Middle East

     Reagan’s Cold War Policy, 1981–1988

          "The Evil Empire"

          Human Rights and the Fight against Communism

          Fighting International Terrorism

          The Nuclear Freeze Movement

          The Road to Nuclear De-escalation

     The Fall of the Iron Curtain

          The Breakup of the Soviet Union

          Globalization and the New World Order

          Managing Conflict after the Cold War

     Conclusion: Farewell to the Cold War

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

[[e-pages icon]] Online Document Projects

The Iran-Contra Scandal

Ronald Reagan and the End of the Cold War


29 The Challenges of a New Century, 1993 to the present

American Histories: Bill Gates and Kristen Breitweiser

     Transforming American Society

          The Computer Revolution

          Business Consolidation

          The Changing American Population

     Politics at the End of the Twentieth Century

          The Clinton Presidency

          Global Challenges and Economic Renewal

     The New Millennium

          George W. Bush and Compassionate Conservatism

          The United States at War

          The Decline of the Bush Presidency

     Challenges Ahead

          The Great Recession

          The Rise of Barack Obama

          An Unfinished Agenda

     Conclusion: Technology and Terror in a Global Society

Chapter Review — [[LC icon]] LearningCurve

[[e-pages icon]] Online Document Projects

The Uses of September 11

The Environment and Federal Policy in the Twenty-First Century


The Declaration of Independence

The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union

The Constitution of the United States

Amendments to the Constitution (including six unratified amendments)

Admission of States to the Union

Presidents of the United States

Glossary of Key Terms



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