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Exploring Communication Disorders : A 21st Century Introduction Through Literature and Media,9780205373604
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Exploring Communication Disorders : A 21st Century Introduction Through Literature and Media

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205373604

ISBN10:
0205373607
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
9/13/2002
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $140.20

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This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 9/13/2002.
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    Exploring Communication Disorders A 21st Century Introduction Through Literature and Media




Summary

Exploring Communication Disorders: A 21st Century Introduction Through Literature and Media takes an extremely novel approach to the subject by incorporating personalities and characters from literature and movies throughout the book. Each communication disorder is addressed from the clinical and scientific perspectives, including diagnostic and treatment information.Using the media and literature references as an introduction, this book explores a comprehensive introduction to the communication disorders discipline. The text is a substantive introduction going beyond media and literature references to communication disorders.Speech pathologists and therapists, audiologists and others interested in communication disorders

Table of Contents

Foreword xi
Wayne A. Secord
Preface xiii
To the Reader xv
Communication Disorders, Literature, Media, and Society
1(25)
The Process of Communication
2(4)
Categories of Communication Disorders
6(5)
Fluency Disorders
8(1)
Voice Disorders
8(1)
Articulation and Phonology Disorders
8(1)
Language Disorders in Children
9(1)
Hearing Loss and Deafness
9(1)
Motor Speech Disorders and Dysphagia
9(1)
Aphasia in Adults
10(1)
Communication Disorders Resulting from Dementia
10(1)
Communication Disorders Resulting from Head and Neck Injuries
10(1)
Incidence and Prevalence of Communication Disorders
11(2)
History of the Perception and Treatment of People with Communication Disorders
13(3)
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
16(1)
Social Characteristics of Those with Communication Disorders
16(3)
Group Size, Power, and Status
18(1)
Social Visibility and Cohesiveness
18(1)
Social Inclusion Through Accommodation
19(1)
Social Perceptions and Stereotypes
20(2)
Literature, Media, and People with Communication Disorders
22(2)
Summary
24(1)
Study Questions
24(1)
Suggested Reading
25(1)
Stuttering and Cluttering
26(32)
Understanding Stuttering
30(5)
Definition of Stuttering
30(1)
The History of Stuttering
30(1)
Stuttering Behaviors
31(1)
Incidence and Prevalence of Stuttering
32(1)
Types of Dysfluent Speech
33(2)
Causes of Stuttering: Theories
35(6)
Psychological Theories
37(1)
Learning Theories
38(1)
Organic Theories
39(2)
Multiple-Cause Theory
41(1)
Characteristics of Stuttering
41(2)
Stuttering and Singing
41(1)
Stuttering and Nonthreatening Audiences
42(1)
Stuttering, Speech Cues, and Self-Consciousness
42(1)
Stuttering and Noise
42(1)
Stuttering and Delayed Auditory Feedback
42(1)
Stuttering and Other Variables
43(1)
Key Aspects of Stuttering
43(3)
What Is Heard
43(1)
What Is Seen
44(1)
What Is Felt
44(1)
Effects on Personality
45(1)
The Prevention of Stuttering in Children
46(1)
Strategies for Parents and Teachers
46(1)
Professional Treatment of Stuttering
47(7)
Types of Therapy
48(1)
Cure Versus Control
48(1)
Treating Essential Aspects of Stuttering
49(4)
Effectiveness of Treatment
53(1)
Other Fluency Disorders
54(1)
Cluttering
54(1)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
54(2)
Summary
56(1)
Study Questions
56(1)
Suggested Reading
57(1)
The Voice and Its Disorders
58(28)
The Human Resonating System
59(1)
Respiration and Voice
59(3)
The Biological Pump
62(1)
The Larynx
63(2)
The Pitch-Changing Mechanism
65(1)
Aerodynamic and Muscular Forces in Voice Production
66(1)
Voice Quality
67(3)
Causes of Differences in Voice Quality
67(1)
Descriptions of Voice Quality
68(2)
Other Terms for Voice Quality
70(1)
Disorders of Resonance
70(3)
Cleft Lip and Palate
70(2)
The Cleft Palate Team
72(1)
Voice Disorders
73(2)
Evaluation of Voice Disorders
73(1)
Vocal Cord Paralysis
74(1)
Cancer and Other Diseases of the Larynx
75(1)
Alaryngeal Speech
76(1)
Psychogenic Voice Disorders
76(2)
Conversion Reactions
76(2)
Treatment of Psychogenic Voice Disorders
78(1)
Disorders Related to Vocal Strain and Abuse
78(3)
Causative Factors
79(1)
Treatment of Disorders Related to Vocal Strain and Abuse
80(1)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
81(2)
Summary
83(1)
Study Questions
84(1)
Suggested Reading
85(1)
Articulation and Phonological Disorders
86(29)
The Speech Articulators
87(9)
Phonetic Transcription
90(1)
Place and Manner of Production
91(2)
Syllables
93(1)
Dynamic Articulation
94(2)
Etiology of Articulation Disorders
96(10)
Deafness or Hearing Loss
97(1)
Structural Defects of the Articulators
98(1)
Motor Speech Disorders
99(1)
Delayed Development
100(2)
Auditory Perceptual and Sensorimotor Deficiencies
102(2)
Emotional Distress
104(1)
Dialect and Accent
105(1)
Evaluating Articulation and Phonology Disorders
106(4)
Articulation Testing
108(1)
Additional Diagnostic Information
109(1)
Treatment of Articulation Disorders
110(2)
Articulation Therapy for Hearing Loss and Deafness
110(1)
Articulation Therapy for Structural Defects of the Articulators
110(1)
Articulation Therapy for Motor Speech Disorders
110(1)
Articulation Therapy for Auditory Perceptual and Sensorimotor Deficiencies
111(1)
Other Articulation Therapies
111(1)
Treatment of Phonological Disorders
112(1)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
112(1)
Summary
113(1)
Study Questions
113(1)
Suggested Reading and Video
114(1)
Language Development and Disorders
115(22)
Defining Language
118(2)
Linguistic Competence and Performance
120(1)
Cognitive, Linguistic, and Social--Communication Systems
120(2)
Pragmatics
121(1)
Assessing Language in Children
121(1)
Teachers, Language Delay, and Disorders
122(2)
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
123(1)
Language Development
124(7)
Intelligence and Language Development
127(1)
Mental Deficiency
128(1)
Pervasive Developmental Disorders
129(1)
Environmental Deprivation
130(1)
Learning Disabilities
131(2)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
133(2)
Summary
135(1)
Study Questions
135(1)
Suggested Reading
136(1)
Hearing Loss and Deafness
137(23)
The Study and Treatment of Hearing Disorders
140(1)
The Range of Human Hearing
141(1)
Hearing and Energy Transformation
142(6)
Acoustic Energy Stage
142(1)
Mechanical Energy Stage
143(2)
Hydraulic Energy Stage
145(3)
Electrochemical (Neural) Energy Stage
148(1)
Hearing and Speech Acoustics
148(1)
Types of Hearing Loss
149(4)
Conductive Hearing Loss
150(1)
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
151(1)
Central Auditory Processing Disorders
152(1)
Hearing Assessment
153(2)
Otoscopic Examination
153(1)
Pure-Tone Audiometry
153(1)
Speech Audiometry
154(1)
Acoustic Imittance Audiometry
154(1)
Evoked Response Audiometry and Otoacoustic Emissions
155(1)
Aural Habilitation and Rehabilitation
155(2)
Medical and Surgical Treatment
157(1)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
157(1)
Summary
158(1)
Study Questions
158(1)
Suggested Reading
159(1)
Motor Speech Disorders and Dysphagia
160(21)
The ``Big Three'' Neurogenic Communication Disorders
161(13)
Aphasia
164(1)
Apraxia of Speech
164(4)
The Dysarthrias
168(6)
Dysphagia
174(4)
The Swallowing Evaluation
175(1)
Dysphagia Therapy
176(2)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
178(1)
Summary
179(1)
Study Questions
179(1)
Suggested Reading
180(1)
Aphasia in Adults
181(28)
Language and the Brain
183(3)
Etiology of Aphasia and Related Disorders
186(1)
The Syndrome of Aphasia
186(1)
Aphasia: A Multimodality Disorder
187(4)
Alexia
187(1)
Agraphia
188(1)
Acalculia
189(1)
Gestural Problems
190(1)
Predominantly Expressive, Nonfluent Aphasia
191(2)
Predominantly Receptive, Fluent Aphasia
193(3)
Factors in Following Complex Verbal Instructions
194(2)
Loss of the Abstract Attitude
196(1)
Word-Retrieval Behaviors: Rhyme or Reason
196(1)
Tip-of the-Tongue Phenomenon
197(1)
The Psychology of Aphasia
198(1)
The Five Major Psychological Concomitants of Aphasia
199(6)
Emotional Lability
199(2)
Catastrophic Reactions
201(1)
Perseveration
202(1)
Organic Depression
203(1)
The Grief Response
204(1)
Aphasia Rehabilitation
205(1)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
206(1)
Summary
207(1)
Study Questions
208(1)
Suggested Reading
208(1)
Communication Disorders Resulting from Dementia
209(15)
Dementia
210(1)
Causes of Dementia
211(4)
Disruptive Behaviors
215(1)
Hallucinations and Delusions in Dementia
215(1)
Communication Disorders in Dementia
216(3)
Early Stage
216(2)
Middle Stage
218(1)
Late Stage
218(1)
Evaluating and Treating Communication Disorders in Patients with Dementia
219(2)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
221(2)
Summary
223(1)
Study Questions
223(1)
Suggested Reading
223(1)
Communication Disorders Resulting from Head and Neck Injuries
224(29)
The Head-Injured Person
225(3)
The Mechanics of Traumatic Head and Neck Injuries
228(2)
Communication Disorders and Impaired Consciousness
230(1)
Coma
230(1)
Communication Disorders and the Site of Traumatic Brain Injuries
231(2)
Executive Functions
233(3)
Disorientation
234(1)
Memory Problems
235(1)
The Three Components of Memory
236(5)
Attention
236(2)
Storage
238(2)
Recall
240(1)
Memories, Libraries, and Tests
241(1)
Memory and Test Taking
242(1)
Recognition and Recall
242(1)
Behavioral Disturbances
243(2)
Flat Affect
244(1)
Psychosis
245(1)
Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury
245(2)
Audiology and Traumatic Brain Injuries
247(1)
Principles of Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injuries
247(2)
Literature and Media Stereotypes
249(2)
Summary
251(1)
Study Questions
251(1)
Suggested Reading
252(1)
Questions and Answers about the Profession
253(18)
Understanding the Profession
253(7)
Educational Preparation, Certification, and Licensure
260(6)
Professional Practice
266(3)
Suggested Reading and Web Sites
269(2)
Glossary 271(26)
Appendix A: Professional Issues and Informational Web Sites 297(2)
Appendix B: Short Stories 299(26)
A Day at JFK
299(10)
Preponderance of Evidence
309(10)
Welcome to the Cyber Speech and Hearing Clinic
319(6)
Literature, Media, and Personality: Home Pages, Suggested Readings, References, and Resources 325(14)
Academic References 339(8)
Index 347


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