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Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of more than fifty books. Most recently, he coauthored Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well (2015). Dr. Cahn is the editor of The World of Philosophy (OUP, 2015), Exploring Philosophy, Fifth Edition (OUP, 2014), and Political Philosophy, Third Edition (OUP, 2014), and the coeditor of Principles of Moral Philosophy (OUP, 2016) and Ethics, Sixth Edition (OUP, 2015).
Table of Contents
Index *=New to this Edition Preface INTRODUCTION 1. Morality and Moral Philosophy, William K. Frankena 2. Crito, Plato 3. Phaedo, Plato 4. Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr. PART I: CHALLENGES TO MORALITY 5. How Not to Answer Moral Questions, Tom Regan 6. God and Morality, Steven M. Cahn 7. The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, James Rachels 8. Right and Wrong, Thomas Nagel 9. Egoism and Moral Skepticism, James Rachels 10. Happiness and Immorality, Steven M. Cahn and Jeffrie G. Murphy 11. The Nature of Ethical Disagreement, Charles L. Stevenson * 12. The Rationality of Moral Action, Philippa Foot PART II: MORAL THEORIES 13. The Categorical Imperative, Immanuel Kant 14. A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics, Onora O'Neill 15. Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill 16. Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism, Louis P. Pojman 17. The Nature of Virtue, Aristotle * 18. Virtue Ethics, Julia Driver 19. The Ethics of Care, Virginia Held 20. The Social Contract, Thomas Hobbes 21. A Theory of Justice, John Rawls * 22. Gender Bias, Cheshire Calhoun * 23. Moral Saints, Susan Wolf PART III: MORAL PROBLEMS A. ABORTION 24. A Defense of Abortion, Judith Jarvis Thomson 25. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, Mary Anne Warren 26. Why Abortion Is Immoral, Don Marquis 27. Virtue Theory and Abortion, Rosalind Hursthouse B. EUTHANASIA 28. Active and Passive Euthanasia, James Rachels 29. The Intentional Termination of Life, Bonnie Steinbock C. WORLD HUNGER 30. Famine, Affluence, and Morality, Peter Singer * 31. A Reply to Singer, Travis Timmerman D. TERRORISM 32. Terrorism, Michael Walzer 33. Is Terrorism Distinctively Wrong?, Lionel K. McPherson E. TORTURE 34. Torture, Henry Shue 35. Ticking Bombs, Torture, and the Analogy with Self-Defense, Daniel J. Hill F. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT 36. The Morality of Capital Punishment, Walter Berns 37. The Death Penalty as a Symbolic Issue, Stephen Nathanson G. PORNOGRAPHY * 38. Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom, Helen E. Longino * 39. The Case Against Pornography: An Assessment, Joel Feinberg H. ANIMAL RIGHTS 40. The Case for Animal Rights, Tom Regan 41. Why Animals Have No Rights, Carl Cohen 42. Speaking of Animal Rights, Mary Anne Warren I. THE ENVIRONMENT 43. We Are What We Eat, Tom Regan 44. Philosophical Problems for Environmentalism, Elliott Sober J. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION 45. Two Concepts of Affirmative Action, Steven M. Cahn * 46. Facing Facts and Responsibilities, Karen Hanson 47. What Good Am I?, Laurence Thomas K. LIFE AND DEATH 48. The Trolley Problem, Judith Jarvis Thomson 49. Turning the Trolley, Judith Jarvis Thomson 50. Death, Thomas Nagel * 51. The Badness of Death, Shelley Kagan L. THE MEANING OF LIFE 52. The Meaning of Life, Richard Taylor 53. Meaning in Life, Susan Wolf 54. Meaningful Lives?, Christine Vitrano Index