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In this remarkably accessible, concise, and engaging introduction to moral philosophy, Steven M. Cahn brings together a rich, balanced, and wide-ranging collection of fifty readings on ethical theory and contemporary moral issues. He has carefully edited all the articles to ensure that they will be exceptionally clear and understandable to undergraduate students. The selections are organized into three parts--Challenges to Morality, Moral Theories, and Moral Problems--providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of ethics courses. Each reading is followed by study questions.
The third edition of Exploring Ethics provides more coverage of contemporary problems, featuring new selections on euthanasia, capital punishment, animal rights, affirmative action, academic ethics, the trolley problem, and the meaning of life. A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/cahn offers a password-protected Instructor's Manual--containing a test bank, key terms with definitions, reading summaries, and PowerPoint lectures--and self-quizzes, vocabulary flashcards, and useful links for students.
Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of fifty books. Most recently, he wrote From Student to Scholar: A Candid Guide to Becoming a Professor (2008) and coauthored Polishing Your Prose: How to Turn First Drafts intoFinished Work (2013). Dr. Cahn is the editor of Exploring Philosophy, Fourth Edition (2011), Classic and Contemporary Readings in the Philosophy of Education, Second Edition (2011), and Political Philosophy, Second Edition (2010), all published by Oxford University Press.
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition Preface INTRODUCTION 1. Morality and Moral Philosophy, William K. Frankena 2. Crito, Plato 3. Phaedo, Plato 4. Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr. PART I: CHALLENGES TO MORALITY 5. How Not to Answer Moral Questions, Tom Regan 6. God and Morality, Steven M. Cahn 7. The Challenge of Cultural Relativism, James Rachels 8. Right and Wrong, Thomas Nagel 9. Egoism and Moral Scepticism, James Rachels 10. Happiness and Immorality, Steven M. Cahn and Jeffrie G. Murphy 11. The Nature of Ethical Disagreement, Charles L. Stevenson PART II: MORAL THEORIES 12. The Categorical Imperative, Immanuel Kant 13. A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics, Onora O'Neill 14. Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill 15. Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism, Louis P. Pojman 16. The Nature of Virtue, Aristotle 17. Virtue Ethics, Bernard Mayo 18. The Ethics of Care, Virginia Held 19. The Social Contract, Thomas Hobbes 20. A Theory of Justice, John Rawls PART III: MORAL PROBLEMS A. ABORTION 21. A Defense of Abortion, Judith Jarvis Thomson 22. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, Mary Anne Warren 23. Why Abortion Is Immoral, Don Marquis 24. Virtue Theory and Abortion, Rosalind Hursthouse B. EUTHANASIA 25. Active and Passive Euthanasia, James Rachels * 26. The Intentional Termination of Life, Bonnie Steinbock C. WORLD HUNGER 27. Famine, Affluence, and Morality, Peter Singer 28. World Hunger and Moral Obligations: The Case Against Singer, John Arthur D. TERRORISM 29. Terrorism, Michael Walzer 30. Is Terrorism Distinctively Wrong?, Lionel K. McPherson E. TORTURE 31. Torture, Henry Shue 32. Ticking Bombs, Torture, and the Analogy with Self-Defense, Daniel J. Hill F. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT * 33. The Morality of Capital Punishment, Walter Berns * 34. The Death Penalty as a Symbolic Issue, Stephen Nathanson G. ANIMAL RIGHTS 35. The Case for Animal Rights, Tom Regan 36. Why Animals Have No Rights, Carl Cohen * 37. Speaking of Animal Rights, Mary Anne Warren H. THE ENVIRONMENT 38. We Are What We Eat, Tom Regan 39. Philosophical Problems for Environmentalism, Elliott Sober I. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION 40. Two Concepts of Affirmative Action, Steven M. Cahn 41. What Good Am I?, Laurence Thomas * 42. The Truth in Advertising, Tom L. Beauchamp J. ACADEMIA * 43. Consensual Sex on Campus, Leslie Pickering Francis * 44. The Letter Writer's Dilemma, George Sher K. LIFE AND DEATH * 45. The Trolley Problem, Judith Jarvis Thomson * 46. Turning the Trolley, Judith Jarvis Thomson 47. Death, Thomas Nagel L. THE MEANING OF LIFE 48. The Meaning of Life, Richard Taylor * 49. Meaning in Life, Susan Wolf * 50. Meaningful Lives?, Christine Vitrano Index