9780521635554

Exploring Geology on the Isle of Arran: A Set of Field Exercises that Introduce the Practical Skills of Geological Science

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521635554

  • ISBN10:

    0521635551

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-10-23
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

The Isle of Arran in the Firth of Clyde is a classic location to introduce beginners to field geology. The richness and variety of over 600 million years of history are packed into the tiny area. This book breaks the mold of "excursion guides" by teaching the basic skills needed by any beginner when dealing with rocks in situ. It presents a series of problem-solving exercises that include step-by-step instructions on what observations to make in order to find a solution. These increase in difficulty and cover the spectrum of field skills that a first or second year undergraduate needs to master. The exercises include many of the more interesting aspects of Arran's geological history and also introduce some of the fundamental concepts behind the science and the people responsible for them, such as James Hutton and Charles Lyell. This approach injects greater flexibility into teaching and assessing progress in learning. Above all, it shows that the subject is dynamic, thought provoking and fun.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgements xiii
Part 1 An introduction to the field work 1(14)
About the exercises
3(4)
What You already need to know
3(1)
The star rating system (*)
4(1)
Exercise format
4(3)
Equipment
7(1)
Essential outdoor equipment
7(1)
Essential geological equipment
7(1)
Safety
8(2)
Common outdoor hazards
9(1)
Possible hazards in field work on Arran
9(1)
Logistics and itinerary
10(4)
Land access and conduct in the field
14(1)
Part 2 Learning basic field skills 15(82)
Present day processes
17(16)
Clastic sedimentary rocks
33(18)
Intrusive igneous rocks
51(20)
Changing the record: metamorphism and deformation
71(14)
3-D thinking in time and space
85(12)
Part 3 Applying basic field skills 97(94)
Cuvier's catastrophies
99(22)
Prof. Speyside's theory
121(18)
The curious case of `Catacol cairn'
139(16)
Dr Hutton's dilemma
155(18)
Pluto's revenge
173(18)
Part 4 Practical field skills: quick reference section 191(32)
Locating Yourself on a map and taking a compass bearing
193(1)
Using a hand lens
194(1)
Making field observations
195(1)
Identification of common rock-forming minerals
196(1)
Field classification of igneous rocks and textures
197(1)
Field description of clastic sedimentary textures
198(1)
Field classification of clastic sedimentary rocks
199(1)
Identification of fossils and their original mode of life
200(1)
Field description of clastic bed-forms and structure
201(2)
Measuring the dip and dip direction of a planar surface
203(2)
Plotting dip direction data on a rose diagram
205(1)
Recording observations and interpretations as field notes
206(1)
Constructing accurate and informative field sketches
207(1)
Relative age and orientation of igneous intrusions
208(1)
Identification of cleavage and jointing
209(1)
Field classification of metasedimentary rocks
210(1)
Field classification of tectonic fold and fault geometry
211(1)
Measuring the plunge of a fold
212(1)
Plotting fold plunge data on a stereonet (polar plot)
213(1)
Relative age of deformation phases
214(1)
Basic geological mapping: outcrops and structural symbols
215(3)
Basic geological mapping: lithological boundaries
218(1)
Basic geological mapping: faults and folds
219(1)
Constructing scale cross-sections
220(2)
Interpreting a geological map and cross-section
222(1)
Further reading 223(2)
Glossary 225(6)
Index of place names 231(2)
Subject index 233

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