9780521671507

Exploring Language Structure: A Student's Guide

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521671507

  • ISBN10:

    0521671507

  • Edition: Student
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/16/2006
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Purchase Benefits
  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $59!
    Your order must be $59 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
  • We Buy This Book Back!
    In-Store Credit: $10.50
    Check/Direct Deposit: $10.00
List Price: $54.99 Save up to $1.65
  • Buy New
    $53.34

    SPECIAL ORDER: 1-2 WEEKS

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Designed for those beginning to study linguistics, this is a lively introduction to two key aspects of the structure of language: syntax (the structure of sentences) and morphology (the structure of words). It shows students in a step-by-step fashion how to analyze the syntax and morphology of any language, by clearly describing the basic methods and techniques, and providing almost 100 practical exercises based on data from a rich variety of the world's languages. Written in an engaging style and complete with a comprehensive glossary, Exploring Language Structure explains linguistic concepts by using clear analogies from everyday life. It introduces a range of essential topics in syntax and morphology, such as rules, categories, word classes, grammatical relations, multi-clause constructions and typology. Providing a solid foundation in morphology and syntax, this is the perfect introductory text for beginning students, and will fully prepare them for more advanced courses in linguistic analysis.

Author Biography

Thomas E. Payne is Research Associate in the Department of Linguistics, University of Oregon, and International Linguistics Consultant at SIL International. He specializes in the grammatical description of undocumented languages, and has travelled extensively in Asia, Africa, and the Americas lecturing and conducting his research. He is author of Describing Morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists (Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Table of Contents

List of figures
x
List of tables
xi
Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xv
A note on transcriptions xvi
List of abbreviations
xvii
Introduction to morphology and syntax
1(31)
The form--function composite
3(2)
Creativity and recursion
5(2)
Grammar
7(1)
Morphology and syntax
7(2)
Lexicon
9(2)
Three expression types compared
11(1)
Subtypes of lexical expression
12(2)
Classes in the lexicon
14(2)
Some basic concepts in morphology
16(4)
Introduction to the exercises
20(5)
Conceptual outline of chapter 1
25(1)
Exercises
26(6)
Morphological processes and conceptual categories
32(31)
Conceptual categories and the problem of labeling
32(8)
The ``big ten'' morphological processes
40(5)
Methods for representing morphological processes
45(9)
Conceptual outline of chapter 2
54(1)
Exercises
55(8)
Morphophonemics
63(30)
Specifying the environments for morphophonemic rules
67(3)
How to pick an underlying form
70(3)
Rule ordering
73(2)
Nasal assimilation in English
75(3)
Types of morphophonemic rules
78(3)
Possession in Asheninka
81(2)
Summary of notational conventions
83(2)
Conceptual outline of chapter 3
85(1)
Exercises
85(8)
Word classes
93(40)
Nouns
94(10)
Verbs
104(12)
Adjectives
116(1)
Adverbs
117(1)
Other word classes
118(8)
Conceptual outline of Chapter 4
126(1)
Exercises
127(6)
Exploring subclasses
133(19)
Methodology
134(10)
Conceptual outline of Chapter 5
144(1)
Exercises
144(8)
Constituent structure
152(37)
A note about syntactic formalisms
152(1)
Syntax
153(5)
Tests for constituent structure
158(7)
Phrase structure rules
165(1)
Constituent structure trees
166(14)
Ambiguity
180(2)
Conceptual outline of chapter 6
182(1)
Exercises
183(6)
Language typology
189(21)
Morphological typology
190(1)
Syntactic typology
191(3)
Examples of an OV and a VO language
194(4)
Pragmatic constituent order languages
198(4)
How to analyze the syntactic typology of a language
202(2)
Conceptual outline of chapter 7
204(1)
Exercises
204(6)
Grammatical relations
210(27)
Grammatical relations within noun phrases
211(1)
Grammatical relations in clauses
212(4)
Systems for organizing grammatical relations
216(5)
Analyzing grammatical relations systems
221(2)
Split systems
223(6)
Conceptual outline of chapter 8
229(1)
Exercises
229(8)
Voice and valence
237(51)
Valence-decreasing constructions
241(17)
Valence-increasing constructions
258(14)
Combinations of valence-related constructions
272(3)
Conceptual outline of chapter 9
275(2)
Exercises
277(11)
Multi-clause constructions
288(32)
Serial verbs
288(1)
Complement clauses
289(6)
Adverbial clauses
295(3)
Clause chains and switch-reference
298(1)
Relative clauses
299(8)
Coordination
307(3)
Conceptual outline of chapter 10
310(1)
Exercises
311(9)
Glossary 320(29)
References 349(8)
Subject and language index 357

Rewards Program

Write a Review