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Exploring Philosophy : An Introductory Anthology

by
ISBN13:

9780195133523

ISBN10:
0195133528
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/13/2000
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press

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Summary

Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology is a remarkably accessible and inviting introduction to philosophy. In this unique volume, Steven M. Cahn brings together extraordinarily clear recent essays by noted philosophers and supplements them with influential historical sources. Most importantly, the articles have been carefully edited to make them understandable to every reader. The topics are drawn from the major fields of philosophy and include knowledge and skepticism, freedom and determinism, mind and body, the existence of God, the problem of evil, faith and reason, cultural relativism, abortion, euthanasia, democracy, privacy, capital punishment, affirmative action, death, and the meaning of life. The collection also contains, in preeminent translations and with explanatory notes, the complete texts of Plato's Meno, Euthyphro, Defence of Socrates, and Crito as well as specially selected materials by Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes, Hume, Kant, and Mill. Also provided are an introduction to logic and scientific method and guiding commentary by the editor. Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology is a landmark collection that enables all readers to appreciate for themselves the importance and fascination of philosophical inquiry.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xii
Introduction
What Is Philosophy?
3(10)
Monroe C. Beardsley
Elizabeth Lane Beardsley
Historical Source
Defence of Socrates
13(30)
Plato
Reasoning
The Scope of Logic
43(7)
Wesley C. Salmon
Improving Your Thinking
50(6)
Stephen F. Barker
Fixing Belief
56(3)
Morris R. Cohen
Ernest Nagel
Testing Hypotheses
59(4)
Steven M. Cahn
Patricia Kitcher
George Sher
Science and Common Sense
63(8)
Ernest Nagel
Knowledge and Self
Appearance and Reality
71(4)
Bertrand Russell
What Can I Know?
75(5)
D. Z. Phillips
The Problem of Induction
80(3)
Bertrand Russell
Will the Future Be Like the Past?
83(5)
Frederick L. Will
Free Will or Determinism?
88(11)
Steven M. Cahn
Free Will and Determinism
99(2)
W. T. Stace
Mind and Body
101(12)
Richard Taylor
Death
113(4)
Thomas Nagel
Historical Sources
Meno
117(34)
Plato
Meditations on First Philosophy
151(11)
Rene Descartes
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
162(13)
David Hume
God
Does God Exist?
175(8)
Ernest Nagel
Why God Allows Evil
183(11)
Richard Swinburne
Theology and Falsification
194(4)
Antony Flew
Basil Mitchell
Do Miracles Occur?
198(4)
Monroe C. Beardsley
Elizabeth Lane Beardsley
Faith
202(3)
Richard Taylor
Faith and Reason
205(5)
Michael Scriven
Historical Sources
Euthyphro
210(20)
Plato
Summa Theologiae
230(3)
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Meditations on First Philosophy
233(2)
Rene Descartes
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
235(10)
David Hume
Morality
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
245(11)
James Rachels
How Not to Answer Moral Questions
256(4)
Tom Regan
The Nature of Ethical Disagreement
260(5)
Charles L. Stevenson
A Supreme Moral Principle?
265(5)
Steven M. Cahn
Abortion
270(15)
Joel Feinberg
Giving Birth
285(3)
Virginia Held
Active and Passive Euthanasia
288(6)
James Rachels
Active and Passive Euthanasia: A Reply
294(6)
Thomas D. Sullivan
Choosing Death
300(3)
Sidney Hook
Historical Sources
Nicomachean Ethics
303(5)
Aristotle
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals
308(5)
Immanuel Kant
Utilitarianism
313(8)
John Stuart Mill
Society
Democracy
321(5)
John Dewey
Political Action: The Problem of Dirty Hands
326(4)
Michael Walzer
Privacy
330(4)
Charles Fried
The Death Penalty
334(2)
Burton Leiser
Capital Punishment
336(15)
Hugo Adam Bedau
Two Concepts of Affirmative Action
351(9)
Steven M. Cahn
Are Quotas Sometimes Justified?
360(4)
James Rachels
What Is a Liberal Education?
364(9)
Sidney Hook
Historical Sources
Crito
373(13)
Plato
On Liberty
386(19)
John Stuart Mill
Conclusion
The Meaning of Life
405(8)
Richard Taylor
The Value of Philosophy
413(4)
Bertrand Russell
Historical Source
Phaedo
417(4)
Plato
Suggestions for Further Reading 421(4)
Index 425


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