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Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of more than fifty books. Recently, he wrote From Student to Scholar: A Candid Guide to Becoming a Professor (2008) and coauthored Happiness and Goodness: PhilosophicalReflections on Living Well (2015). Dr. Cahn is the editor of The World of Philosophy (OUP, 2015), Ethics, Sixth Edition (OUP, 2015), Exploring Philosophy, Fifth Edition (OUP, 2014), Political Philosophy, Third Edition (OUP, 2014), and Exploring Ethics, Third Edition (OUP, 2013).
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition INTRODUCTION * What Is Religion? Beverly Clack and Brian R. Clack * What is Reason? Steven M. Cahn, Patricia Kitcher, and George Sher PART I: THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES A. Goodness God and Goodness, James Rachels * A Modified Divine Command Theory, Robert M. Adams B. Omnipotence Some Puzzles Concerning Omnipotence, George Mavrodes * The Logic of Omnipotence, Harry G. Frankfurt C. Timelessness * The Consolation of Philosophy, Boethius * God Everlasting, Nicholas Wolterstorff D. Omniscience * Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action, Nelson Pike * Power Over the Past, William L. Rowe E. Forgiveness and Love God and Forgiveness, Anne Minas * God as Lover, Sallie McFague PART II: PROOFS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD A. The Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument, St. Anselm and Gaunilo The Ontological Argument: A Critique, Immanuel Kant * The Ontological Argument: A Reassessment, William L. Rowe B. The Cosmological Argument The Five Ways, St. Thomas Aquinas * The Cosmological Argument, Richard Taylor * The Cosmological Argument: A Critique, J. L. Mackie * The Kalam Cosmological Argument, William L. Rowe C. The Teleological Argument The Evidence of Design, William Paley Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (II, V-VII), David Hume * The Argument from Design, Robert Hambourger * Darwin and Design, Nicholas Everitt D. About the Arguments * What Question does a Theistic Argument Answer? Linda Trinkhaus Zagzebski * Theistic Arguments and Religious Commitment, Steven M. Cahn PART III: AVENUES TO THE DIVINE A. Religious Experience The Varieties of Religious Experience, William James * Fallibilism and Faith, Susan Haack Perceiving God, William Alston Perceiving God: A Critique, William L. Rowe B. Miracles Of Miracles, David Hume On Miracles, Paul J. Dietl * Miracles as Evidence Against the Existence of God, Christine Overall * Do Miracles Occur? Monroe C. Beardsley and Elizabeth Lane Beardsley C. Ritual, Prayer, and Worship * Euthyphro, Plato * Petitionary Prayer, Eleonore Stump The Concept of Worship, James Rachels D. Speaking of God Experience and Metaphor, Janet Martin Soskice Metaphors Without Meaning, Paul Edwards * Speaking in Parables, Sallie McFague * Beyond God the Father, Mary Daly * Reimagining the Unimaginable, Judith Plaskow PART IV: BELIEF WITHOUT PROOF The Wager, Blaise Pascal Pascal's Wager: A Critique, Simon Blackburn * Pascal's Wager: An Assessment, Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski The Ethics of Belief, W. K. Clifford The Will to Believe, William James The Will to Believe: A Critique, Nicholas Everitt Belief Without Argument, Alvin Plantinga Belief Without Argument: A Critique, Michael Martin PART V: THE PROBLEM OF EVIL Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (X-XI), David Hume * Hume on Evil, Nelson Pike * The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism, William L. Rowe Why God Allows Evil, Richard Swinburne * Knowledge, Freedom, and the Problem of Evil, Eleonore Stump * Christianity and Horrendous Evils, Marilyn McCord Adams * Who is Committing Evil, and Against Whom? Grace M. Jantzen The Hiddenness of God, Robert McKim PART VI: THE AFTERLIFE * Two Christian Concepts of Heaven, Colleen McDannell and Bernhard Lang * The Problem of Hell, Marilyn McCord Adams Resurrection, John H. Hick * A Naturalistic Case for Extinction, Linda Badham Do We Need Immortality? Grace M. Jantzen PART VII: RELIGIOUS PLURALISM Religious Pluralism and Salvation, John H. Hick A Defense of Religious Exclusivism, Alvin Plantinga * The Problem of Religious Diversity, Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski Religion Without God, Steven M. Cahn