9780800636784

Face to Face

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780800636784

  • ISBN10:

    0800636783

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-11-01
  • Publisher: Fortress Pr

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Summary

Examining how God and eventually Christ are portrayed in early Christian art, Jensen explores questions of the relationship between art and theology, conflicts over idolatry and iconography, and how the Christological controversies affected the portrayals of Christ.

Author Biography

Robin Margaret Jensen is Luce Chancellor's Professor of the History of Christian Worship and Art at Vanderbilt University Divinity School.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Abbreviations xv
1. Visual Art, Portraits, and Idolatry 1(34)
Early Christian Views of Visual Art: Historical Analyses
4(5)
Art and Idolatry in the Early Third-Century Christian Writings
9(6)
Jewish Background for Christian Rejection of Visual Art
15(4)
The Earliest Examples and Types of Christian Visual Art: Church Regulation
19(4)
Portraits: A Particular Kind of Problematic Image
23(7)
The First Portraits
30(5)
2. Image and Portrait in Roman Culture and Religion 35(34)
Idealization versus Realism in Roman Portraiture
37(5)
The Savior-Type and the Philosopher
42(2)
Funerary Portraits
44(7)
Portraits and Presence-The Image of the Emperor
51(8)
The Images of the Gods
59(10)
3. The Invisible God and the Visible Image 69(32)
Justin Martyr: Refutation of Idols and Divine Theophanies
71(3)
Irenaeus: The Unity of God against the Gnostics
74(3)
Tertullian: The Dignity of the Incarnation and the Distinction of the Persons of the Trinity
77(4)
Clement of Alexandria: Philosophical Aniconism and the Futility of Idols
81(2)
Ancient Roman Precedents for Christian Aniconism
83(3)
The Philosophical Argument in the First Four Centuries C.E.
86(3)
First-Century and Early Rabbinic Teachings on the Invisible God
89(2)
Theophilus, Novatian, and Origen: Salvific Vision ("Seeing God and Living")
91(10)
4. Seeing the Divine in the Fourth and Early Fifth Centuries 101(30)
The Invisible God in the Fourth Century
103(5)
The Anthropomorphite Controversy
108(1)
Augustine and the Problem of the Invisible God
109(6)
Portrayals of God and the Trinity in Visual Art of the Third and Fourth Centuries
115(16)
5. Portraits of the Incarnate One 131(42)
Traditions and Legends regarding Jesus' Appearance
134(5)
Jesus' Variant and Changing Appearances in Literary Sources
139(3)
Jesus' Variant and Changing Appearances in Art
142(4)
Jesus as Savior and Healer: The Beautiful Youth
146(8)
Jesus as Teacher, Philosopher, and Ruler: The Bearded Type
154(5)
Christology and the Image of Christ in Ravenna
159(6)
The Transfigured Christ and the Two Natures Controversy
165(5)
Christology, Salvation, and the Role of the Image
170(3)
6. Early Portraits of the Saints and the Question of Likeness 173(28)
Descriptions of Saints' Portraits in Literary Documents
179(7)
Specific Examples of Holy Portraits
186(10)
The Question of Likeness: Conclusion
196(5)
Notes 201(22)
Glossary 223(2)
Select Bibliography 225(6)
Index 231

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