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Table of Contents
1 Making an Effective Argument
What Exactly Is an Argument?
Writing Arguments in College
Think About Your Credibility
Arguments as Turns in a Conversation
2 Analyzing an Argument
What Is Rhetorical Analysis?
Build a Rhetorical Analysis
Analyze the Rhetorical Features
Analyze the Rhetorical Context
Analyze a Visual Argument
Write a Visual Analysis
Barbara Jordan, “Statement on the Articles of Impeachment”
You Try It: Write a rhetorical analysis
3 Writing an Argument
Find a Topic That Interests You
Feature: What is not arguable
Explore Your Topic
Read About Your Topic
Feature: Recognize fallacies
Find Good Reasons
Find Evidence to Support Good Reasons
State and Evaluate Your Thesis
Think About Your Readers
Organize Your Argument
Write an Engaging Title and Introduction
Write a Strong Conclusion
4 Constructing an Argument
Understand how definition arguments work
Recognize kinds of definitions
Build a definition argument
Sample student definition argument
Patrice Conley, "Flagrant Foul: The NCAA's Definition of Student Athletes as Amateurs"
You Try It: Write a definition argument
Understand how causal arguments work
Build a causal argument
You Try It: Write a causal argument
Understand how evaluation arguments work
Recognize kinds of evaluations
Build an evaluation argument
You Try It: Write an evaluation argument
Understand how rebuttal arguments work
Recognize the tactics of rebuttal arguments
Build a rebuttal argument
You Try It: Write a rebuttal argument
Understand how proposal arguments work
Recognize components of proposal arguments
Build a proposal argument
Sample student proposal argument
Kim Lee, “Let’s Make It a Real Melting Pot with Presidential Hopes for All”
You Try It: Write a proposal argument
5 Researching an Argument
Find a Subject
Think about possible questions
Browse a subject directory
Browse a general or specialized encyclopedia
Ask a Research Question and Gather Information
Find information about the subject
Draft a Working Thesis
Search with keywords
Find sources in databases
Find sources on the Web
Find print sources
Evaluate print and database sources
Evaluate Web sources
6 Documenting an Argument
What you don’t have to document
What you do have to document
Use caution with online source material
Quote Sources without Plagiarizing
Quoting directly using quotation marks
Attribute every quotation
Quote words that are quoted in your source with single quotation marks
Summarize and Paraphrase Sources without Plagiarizing
Document Sources in MLA Style
How to cite a source in your paper
How to cite an entire work, a Web site, or another electronic source
Create an MLA-style works-cited list
Sample MLA paper: Brian Witkowski, "Need a Cure for Tribe Fever? How About a Dip in the Lake?"
7 Revising an Argument
Evaluate Your Draft
Respond to the Writing of Others
Edit and Proofread Carefully
Credits and Index