9780205502547

Families in Poverty Volume I in the "Families in the 21st Century Series"

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780205502547

  • ISBN10:

    0205502547

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 10/25/2006
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

Poverty is a social problem, and finding solutions requires us to look closely at our society, laws and social institutions.Families in Povertybrings together the best and most recent quantitative and qualitative data to examine poverty among U.S. families, the problems poor families face, and discusses how solutions to poverty do exist. Some major topics found in the text include: Trends in poverty in the United States; Discussion on how poverty is measured and defined; Critiques on several explanations of poverty; Consequences of poverty on children and adults; Labor market issues such as unemployment, minimum wage, employer-sponsored fringe benefits; Programs in the United States designed to eliminate or red.

Author Biography

Karen Seccombe, Ph.D./MSW, is a sociologist and Professor of Community Health at Portland State University

Table of Contents

Families in the Twenty-First Century vii
Preface ix
Acknowledgments x
About the Author xi
Putting a Face on Poverty
1(24)
Dee
1(6)
What Are Dee's Options?
5(2)
Kate
7(6)
Why Is Kate's Family Poor?
11(2)
Robert and Maria
13(6)
What Can We Learn from Robert and Maria?
18(1)
Poverty Is a Structural Problem
19(2)
Conclusion and Organization
21(4)
Who Are the Poor, and What Exactly Is Poverty, Anyway?
25(26)
How Many Are Poor?
26(5)
Race, Ethnicity, and Poverty
26(1)
Children in Poverty
27(1)
Other Parts of the Story
28(1)
Pearl's Family: Living in Extreme Poverty
29(2)
How Is Poverty Measured?
31(8)
Absolute Measures
31(4)
Poverty Threshold (Lines) vs. Poverty Guidelines
35(1)
Criticisms of the U.S. Poverty Thresholds (and Guidelines)
36(1)
Relative Measures
37(2)
Inequality in Wealth and Income
39(2)
Social Class
41(2)
The Upper Class
42(1)
The Upper Middle Class
43(1)
The Middle Class
43(1)
The Working Class
44(1)
The Working Poor
44(1)
The Underclass
45(1)
How Does Social Class Affect Our Lives?
45(6)
Living Poorly: Poverty's Effects on Children and Their Parents
51(28)
Carlos
52(2)
Physical Health
54(6)
Birth Outcomes
55(1)
Lead Paint Poisoning
55(1)
Food Insecurity and Hunger
56(2)
Access to Healthcare
58(2)
Cognitive Abilities and School Achievement
60(2)
Children's Mental Health, Social Adjustment, and Well-being
62(1)
Consequences for Adults
63(2)
Pathways
65(14)
Health and Nutrition
65(4)
Quality of the Home Environment
69(2)
Parental Stress and Mental Health
71(1)
Fewer Resources for Learning
71(2)
Housing Problems
73(1)
Poor Quality Neighborhoods
74(5)
How Americans View Poverty: Why Are So Many Families Poor?
79(28)
Historical Views About Poverty
80(8)
Colonial America
80(1)
The Nineteenth Century
81(2)
Black Americans
83(2)
Mexican Americans
85(2)
Native Americans
87(1)
Current Views About Poverty
88(19)
Individualism
89(5)
Social Structuralism
94(4)
Culture of Poverty
98(4)
Fatalism
102(5)
Welfare and Its Reform: Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
107(30)
History of Cash Assistance Programs
107(9)
Mothers' Pensions
108(1)
Aid to Dependent Children (ADC)
108(2)
Growing Caseloads and Growing Concerns
110(1)
The 1960s and the War on Poverty
111(2)
Precursor to Welfare Reform
113(3)
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF): ``Ending Welfare As We Know It''
116(9)
How TANF Works
118(4)
State Policies and State Variation
122(2)
Other TANF Policies and Regulations
124(1)
What Do Welfare Recipients Think of Welfare Reform?
125(3)
How Is TANF Working? Research Findings
128(9)
Poverty Rates Among Families That Leave TANF Are Very High
130(1)
Families That Left Welfare Recently Are More At Risk Than Early TANF-Leavers
130(2)
Families Leaving Welfare Are More Likely to Have Significant Health Problems
132(2)
A Large Share of Very Poor and Needy Families Do Not Receive TANF
134(1)
Childcare Assistance Is Crucial to Helping Families Move from Welfare to Work
134(3)
Building Resiliency: Programs and Policies for Families
137(26)
Family Resiliency
137(3)
Individual, Family, and Community Factors
138(2)
What Is Missing? Structural Conditions
140(1)
Food Stamp Program
140(6)
Eligibility
142(1)
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households
143(1)
Inadequacy of Food Stamps
144(2)
Health Insurance
146(9)
The Stress of Being Uninsured
148(3)
Medicaid
151(1)
State Plans: The Oregon Health Plan
152(1)
SCHIP
153(1)
Medicare
154(1)
Head Start
155(2)
The Earned Income Tax Credit
157(1)
Social Security
158(5)
Can Poverty Be Eliminated? Lessons We Could Learn
163(20)
Reasons for High Poverty in the United States
164(4)
Comparative Family Policies
168(12)
Family Allowance
169(2)
Childcare Policies
171(4)
Maternity and Parental Leaves
175(5)
Case Study: France
180(3)
Conclusion 183(2)
References 185(22)
Index 207

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