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The Family,9780205351282
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The Family

by
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780205351282

ISBN10:
020535128X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $86.40
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Summary

This best-selling text introduces key theoretical perspectives on families, reflects the most current data and research, and uses cross-cultural comparisons to present the most comprehensive coverage of the family.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
PART I Understanding Marriage and the family 1(105)
Marriage and the Family: Disciplinary and Theoretical Approaches
1(36)
Disciplines Involved in Family Study
4(3)
Social Science Approach to the Family
7(4)
Sociology of the Family
7(1)
Uses of Family Sociology
8(3)
Nature of Research and Theoretical Frames of Reference
11(3)
Concepts and Variables
11(1)
Conceptual Frameworks
12(1)
Propositions and Hypotheses
13(1)
Theory
13(1)
Theories and Frames of Reference
14(17)
Structural-Functional Frame of Reference
14(5)
Social Conflict Frame of Reference
19(3)
Symbolic Interaction Frame of Reference
22(2)
Social Exchange Frame of Reference
24(2)
Developmental Frame of Reference
26(2)
Feminist Frame of Reference
28(3)
Appraisal and Expansion of Contemporary Family Theory
31(6)
Summary
32(1)
Key Terms and Topics
33(1)
Discussion Questions
33(1)
Further Readings
34(3)
Marriage, Family, and Kinship Organization
37(34)
Family as a social Institution
39(1)
Families as Groups and Systems
40(3)
Primary Groups
41(1)
Secondary Groups
42(1)
Characteristics of Marriage, Family, and Kinship Groups
43(28)
Boundaries of Marriage
43(11)
Boundaries of the Family
54(7)
Boundaries of Kinship
61(4)
Boundary Ambiguity
65(1)
Summary
66(1)
Key Terms and Topics
67(1)
Discussion Questions
68(1)
Further Readings
68(3)
The Family and Other Systems A Focus on Work
71(35)
Relations between the Family and Other Systems
73(7)
Mass Media and the Family
73(2)
Religion and the Family
75(2)
Politics and the Family
77(1)
Education and the Family
78(1)
Economy and the Family
79(1)
Work Roles of Family Members
80(26)
Women as Full-Time Homemakers
80(7)
Employed Wives and Mothers
87(8)
Employed Husbands and Fathers
95(2)
Men as Full-Time Homemakers
97(1)
Dual-Employed and Dual-Career Marriages
98(4)
Summary
102(1)
Key Terms and Topics
103(1)
Discussion Questions
104(1)
Further Readings
104(2)
PART II Marriage and the Family in the United States 106(120)
U.S. Families: Characteristics, Changes, and Issues
107(32)
Characteristics of U.S. Families
109(6)
Numbers of Families and Households
109(1)
Sizes of Families and Households
110(2)
Marital Status
112(1)
Family Income
112(3)
Today's Families: Significant
115(3)
Issues in U.S. Families
118(21)
Meaning of Marriage and the Family
119(2)
Family Organization
121(2)
Family Functions
123(1)
Marital- and Gender-Role Differentiation
124(2)
Partner Selection
126(2)
Love
128(1)
Sexual Relationships
129(1)
Family Size and Family Planning
130(2)
Aged Family Members
132(1)
Violence and Abuse among Intimates
132(1)
Family Permanence
132(2)
Other Contemporary Issues
134(1)
Summary
134(1)
Key Terms and Topics
135(1)
Discussion Questions
135(1)
Further Readings
136(3)
African American Families
139(26)
Significant Social Transitions of African Americans
141(12)
From Africa to the United States
142(1)
From Slavery to Emancipation
143(1)
From Rural and Southern Areas to Urban and Northern Areas
144(1)
From Negative to Positive Social Status
145(7)
From Negative to Positive Self-Image
152(1)
Patterns of African American Family Life
153(12)
Matricentric Female-Headed Family Pattern
154(5)
Middle-Class, Two-Parent Family Pattern
159(1)
Patriarchal Affluent Family Pattern
160(1)
Summary
161(1)
Key Terms and Topics
162(1)
Discussion Questions
162(1)
Further Readings
163(2)
Hispanic American, Asian American, and Native American Families
165(26)
Hispanic American Family System
167(8)
Social Status Characteristics
167(3)
Marital Status
170(1)
Mexican American Families
171(4)
Asian American Family System
175(6)
Social Status Characteristics
177(1)
Marital/Family Patterns
178(3)
Native American Family System
181(10)
Social Status Characteristics
182(2)
The Native American Experience
184(1)
Marital/Family Patterns
185(2)
Summary
187(1)
Key Terms and Topics
188(1)
Discussion Questions
188(1)
Further Readings
189(2)
Social-Class Variations in U.S. Families
191(35)
Meaning of Social Class
192(2)
Determination of Social Class
194(1)
Consequences of Social Class to Families
194(1)
Social Categories of Families
195(17)
Wealthy Families
195(2)
Middle-Class Families
197(3)
Blue-Collar Families
200(2)
Families Living in Poverty
202(10)
Single Parents and Poverty
212(7)
Mothers As Single Parents
215(3)
Fathers As Single Parents
218(1)
Overview of Single Parenthood
219(1)
Parent-Absent Families
219(1)
Social Mobility: Changing Family Lifestyles
219(7)
Likelihood of Vertical Social Mobility
220(1)
Extent of Vertical Social Mobility
220(2)
Consequences of Social Mobility
222(1)
Summary
222(1)
Key Terms and Topics
223(1)
Discussion Questions
224(1)
Further Readings
224(2)
PART III Partner Selection and Intimate Relationships 226(90)
Patterns in the Selection of Intimate Partners
227(26)
Homogamy and Endogamy in the Selection of Partners
229(5)
Intermarriage
230(4)
Social/Structural Characteristics
234(19)
Age at Marriage
234(5)
Social Status
239(3)
Religion and Intermarriage
242(3)
Race, Ethnicity, and Intermarriage
245(5)
Summary
250(1)
Key Terms and Topics
250(1)
Discussion Questions
251(1)
Further Readings
251(2)
Explanations of Partner Selection
253(30)
Arranged Marriage versus Free Choice of Intimate Partners
254(3)
The Social Construction of Love
256(1)
Individualistic Explanations of Partner Selection
257(3)
Instinctive and Biological Theories
257(1)
Parental Image Theory
258(1)
Complementary Needs Theory
259(1)
Sociocultural Explanations of Partner Selection
260(4)
Value Theory
260(2)
Role Theory
262(1)
Exchange Theory
262(1)
Sequential Theories
263(1)
Processes of Status Change: Single to Married
264(7)
Hooking Up and Dating
267(2)
Engagement
269(2)
Nonmarital Cohabitation
271(12)
Prevalence of Cohabitation
271(3)
Comparing Cohabiting and Noncohabiting Couples
274(2)
Cohabitation and Marital Stability
276(1)
Cohabitation among People Who Are Elderly
277(1)
Cohabitation and the Law
278(1)
Summary
278(1)
Key Terms and Topics
279(1)
Discussion Questions
279(1)
Further Readings
280(3)
Sexual Norms and Relationships
283(33)
Social Regulation of Sexual Relationships
285(1)
Biological versus Sociological Approaches to Sexual Behavior
286(2)
The Social Dimensions of Sexuality
288(4)
Social Network Theory
288(1)
Choice Theory
289(1)
Sexual Script Theory and Sexualization
289(3)
Nonmarital Sexual Behavior
292(5)
Family Antecedents of Sexual Behavior
292(3)
Relevance of Formal Sex Education
295(2)
Premarital Sexual Intercourse
297(8)
Changes in Premarital Sexual Activity
298(3)
High-Risk Sexual Behavior and AIDS
301(4)
Sex and Marriage
305(5)
Changes in Marital Sexual Activity
306(2)
Factors Related to Marital Sexuality
308(1)
Sexual Adjustment in Marriage
309(1)
Extramarital Sex
310(6)
Incidence of and Attitudes toward Extramarital Sex
311(2)
Summary
313(1)
Key Terms and Topics
314(1)
Discussion Questions
314(1)
Further Readings
315(1)
PART IV The Life Course of Family Relationships 316(136)
The Marital System
317(30)
Marriage and Marriage-Like Relationships
319(3)
Why Marriage?
319(1)
Marital Status and Well-Being
320(2)
Marriage Trends and Characteristics
322(4)
Variations in Marriage Rates
324(2)
Power in Conjugal and Intimate Relationships
326(7)
Characteristics of Power
327(1)
Power and Decision Making in Intimate Relationships
328(1)
Resource Theory Issues
329(2)
Egalitarian Ethic
331(2)
Marital Quality
333(14)
Dimensions of Marital Quality
334(2)
Evaluating Marital Quality
336(3)
Marital Conflict
339(1)
Marital Quality between Generations
339(1)
Marital Quality over the Life Course
340(3)
Summary
343(1)
Key Terms and Topics
344(1)
Discussion Questions
344(1)
Further Readings
345(2)
The Parental System
347(36)
Transition to Parenthood
349(3)
Mothers' Roles
349(1)
Fathers' Roles
350(1)
Parents' Roles
351(1)
Value of Parenthood
351(1)
Social Consequences of Parenthood
352(2)
Young and Unwed Parenthood
354(11)
Concern about Young Parenthood
354(4)
Concern about Unwed Parenthood
358(7)
Family Size and Related Factors
365(18)
Birthrates
365(3)
Childless Marriages
368(3)
Effects of Family Size on Members
371(5)
Birth Order and Sibling Relationships
376(1)
Sex Control
377(2)
Summary
379(1)
Key Terms and Topics
380(1)
Discussion Questions
380(1)
Further Readings
381(2)
Parent-Child Interaction and Socialization
383(32)
Socialization of Parents and Children
385(2)
Preconditions for Socialization
386(1)
Theories of Socialization Processes
387(15)
Learning/Behaviorist Frame of Reference
387(1)
Psychoanalytic Frame of Reference
388(2)
Child Development Frames of Reference: Erikson and Piaget
390(4)
Symbolic Interaction Frame of Reference
394(8)
Socialization in Adolescence and Beyond
402(1)
Gender Identity and Sex-Role Socialization
403(12)
Female-Male Differences
404(4)
Sex-Role Socialization
408(2)
Summary
410(1)
Key Terms and Topics
411(1)
Discussion Questions
412(1)
Further Readings
412(3)
The Aging Family
415(37)
Postparental Period: The Middle Years
416(7)
Marital Status and Coresidence in the Middle Years
417(3)
Significance of the Middle Years
420(3)
Grandparent Status
423(4)
Stepgrandparents
426(1)
Grandparent Rights
426(1)
Families of Later Life and People Who Are Aged
427(11)
Growth of the Elderly Population
427(3)
Marital Status in the Later Years
430(3)
Intergenerational Relationships
433(2)
Living Arrangements among the Elderly
435(3)
Common Problems of People Who Are Aged
438(3)
Health and Care
438(1)
Children's Problems
439(1)
Income and Standard of Living
440(1)
Abuse and Neglect
441(1)
Socialization in Later Life
441(1)
Retirement
442(2)
Dying and Death
444(1)
Widows and Widowers
445(7)
Summary
448(1)
Key Terms and Topics
449(1)
Discussion Questions
450(1)
Further Readings
450(2)
PART V Family Crisis and Social Policy 452(100)
Family Violence
453(32)
Social Stresses on Families
455(4)
ABCX Model of Stress
456(1)
Variations of the ABCX Model
457(2)
Violence in Families and Among Intimates
459(26)
Myths of Family Violence
460(2)
Causes of Family Violence
462(1)
Child Abuse and Violence
463(5)
Parent Abuse and Violence
468(1)
Wife and Female Partner Abuse and Violence
468(5)
Husband and Male Partner Abuse and Violence
473(1)
Mutual Abuse and Violence in Couples
474(1)
Sibling Abuse and Violence
475(1)
Elderly Abuse and Violence
476(1)
Violence among Other Intimates
477(1)
Treating and Preventing Family Violence
478(2)
Summary
480(1)
Key Terms and Topics
481(1)
Discussion Questions
481(1)
Further Readings
482(3)
Divorce and Remarriage
485(42)
Desertion and Marital Separation
487(2)
Annulment
489(1)
Divorce around the World
489(2)
Divorce in the United States
491(25)
Divorce Rates
491(3)
Trends in Divorce
494(3)
Variations in Divorce
497(7)
Legal and Social Grounds for Divorce
504(3)
Impact of Children on Parental Divorce
507(1)
Consequences of Divorce for the Adults Who Divorce
508(2)
Consequences of Divorce for Children of Divorced Parents
510(6)
Remarriages and Stepfamilies
516(11)
People Who Remarry
516(2)
Marriage among the Remarried
518(1)
Remarried Couples with Stepchildren: Reconstituted Families
518(4)
Summary
522(1)
Key Terms and Topics
523(1)
Discussion Questions
523(1)
Further Readings
524(3)
Family Social Policy
527(25)
Meaning and Use of Family Policy
529(1)
Research on Family Policy
530(5)
Research to Establish Family Policy
532(1)
Research to Evaluate Existing Family Policy
532(2)
Research on the Impact of Family Policy
534(1)
Overview of Research
535(1)
Issues Surrounding Family Policy
535(10)
Goals and Objectives of Family Policy
535(1)
Levels of Policy Control
536(2)
Public versus Private Positions
538(2)
Preventive or Ameliorative Policy
540(1)
Biological or Relationship Policy
541(2)
Micro-versus Macrolevel Policy
543(2)
Future of the Family System
545(7)
Summary
548(1)
Key Terms and Topics
549(1)
Discussion Questions
550(1)
Further Readings
550(2)
Glossary 552(13)
Name Index 565(9)
Subject Index 574


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