9780139238635

Figure Drawing : The Structure, Anatomy, and Expressive Design of Human Form

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780139238635

  • ISBN10:

    0139238638

  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/1999
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Summary

Providing a concise but comprehensive survey of all matters pertaining to drawing the human figure, this well-illustrated and accurate guide demonstrates the interplay of structure, anatomy, design and expression in sound figure drawing, and shows how the careful integration of these four factors is essential in drawing the figure in a compelling and lucid manner. Focuses on the figurative and abstract considerations of drawing observed or envisioned human forms, and takes a broader view that regard the figure in its context (i.e., draped, nude, partial). Contains figure drawings from old and new masters alike, representing a wide range of styles and themes, and provides a variety of "Suggested Exercises" at the end of each chapter to reinforce issues and concepts under discussion. Fifth Edition include a new chapter ("A Gallery of Visual Resources") containing approximately 45 photographs of male and female figures, plus over 20 additional old and contemporary master drawings.

Table of Contents

Foreword xi
1 THE EVOLUTION OF INTENT: Major Factors and Concepts in Figure Drawing
1(34)
Some Common Denominators
1(7)
The Emergence of Interpretive Figure Drawing
8(27)
2 THE STRUCTURAL FACTOR: The Figure As a Structure
35(44)
Some General Observations
35(5)
A Planar Approach to Human Form
40(5)
The Interjoining of Planes and Masses
45(4)
Structure and Value
49(2)
Structural Supports and Suspensions in the Figure
51(3)
Structural Aspects of Foreshortening
54(7)
Seeing Shape, Direction, and Edge
61(3)
Structural Aspects of the Draped Figure and its Environment
64(11)
Suggested Exercises
75(4)
3 THE ANATOMICAL FACTOR: Part One: The Skeleton
79(44)
Some General Observations
79(1)
Bones of the Skull
80(4)
Bones of the Spinal Column
84(2)
Bones of the Rib Cage
86(1)
Bones of the Shoulder Girdle
86(3)
Bones of the Pelvis
89(2)
Bones of the Arm
91(7)
Bones of the Leg
98(3)
Skeletal Proportions
101(4)
The Skeleton in Figure Drawing
105(8)
Suggested Exercises
113(10)
4 THE ANATOMICAL FACTOR: Part Two: The Muscles
123(74)
Some General Observations
123(1)
Muscles of the Head
124(2)
Surface Forms of the Head
126(5)
Muscles of the Neck
131(3)
Muscles of the Torso
134(9)
Muscles of the Arm
143(11)
Muscles of the Leg
154(18)
Skin and Fat
172(1)
Further Observations on Surface Forms
172(19)
Suggested Exercises
191(6)
5 THE DESIGN FACTOR: The Relational Content of Figure Drawing
197(62)
Some General Observations
197(6)
The Visual Elements
203(25)
Line
203(6)
Value
209(4)
Shape
213(7)
Volume
220(4)
Texture
224(4)
The Elements in Action
228(8)
Direction
230(2)
Rhythm
232(1)
Handling or Character
232(1)
Location and Proximity
232(1)
Subdivision
232(1)
Visual Weight
233(1)
Tension
234(1)
Figurative Influences
235(1)
Examples of Relational Activities in the Figure
236(7)
Anatomy As an Agent of Design
243(5)
The Figure and the Environment
248(7)
Suggested Exercises
255(4)
6 THE EXPRESSIVE FACTOR: The Emotive Content of Figure Drawing
259(32)
Some General Observations
259(5)
The Inherent Expression of the Elements
264(6)
Distortion
270(1)
The Expressive Role of the Medium
271(2)
Examples of Expression in Figure Drawing
273(14)
Suggested Exercises
287(4)
7 THE FACTORS INTERACTING: Some Examples
291(40)
Differing Formulas
291(21)
The Pathologies of Figure Drawing
312(7)
Perceptual Defects
315(2)
Organizational Defects
317(1)
Expressive Defects
318(1)
The Role of Media in Expression
319(2)
In Conclusion
321(10)
8 A GALLERY OF VISUAL RESOURCES
331(20)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 351(2)
INDEX 353

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