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Financing Education in a Climate of Change,9780205332359
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Financing Education in a Climate of Change

by ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780205332359

ISBN10:
0205332358
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

This comprehensive book on school finance encompasses historical, economic, computer/mathematical, and legal points of view and is an excellent reference for both the practitioner and academic. The writing in this book is both scholarly and engaging, appealing to a diverse audience of students, educational leaders, parents, and legislators. School finance is an ever-changing topic and this book has continued to cover all current trends to provide readers with a firm grounding in educational finance issues that administrators often misunderstand. For educational leaders, parents, legislators, or anyone involved with school finances.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
The Economics of Education
1(29)
Economics and Social Progress
3(1)
Education: An Important Industry
4(4)
Resource Allocation to Education
8(6)
Education as Human Capital
14(5)
Creation of Wealth and Education
19(1)
Increasing Expenditures and the Economy
19(1)
Noneconomic Benefits of Education
20(1)
Education Produces External Benefits
21(2)
Cost-Quality Relationship in Education
23(3)
Summary
26(1)
Assignment Projects
27(1)
Selected Readings
27(1)
Endnotes
28(2)
Financing Education Adequately
30(29)
Education Deserves Higher Priority
35(1)
The Increasing Costs of Education
36(8)
The Consequences of Not Educating People
44(7)
Education and Accountability
51(2)
Underinvestment Is Poor Economy
53(2)
Summary
55(1)
Assignment Projects
55(1)
Selected Readings
56(1)
Endnotes
56(3)
Financing Education Equitably
59(33)
Inequalities in Financing Education
60(2)
Equity: An Objective of School Finance Reform
62(3)
Equity at the School Level
65(7)
Measures of School District Wealth
72(4)
Historical Influences on Equity
76(4)
The Equalization Principle
80(1)
Improving State Equalization Practices
80(1)
Foundation Program Variations
81(4)
The Impact of Average Daily Attendance on Equity
85(1)
Confusion in Current School Finance Practices
86(1)
Summary
87(1)
Assignment Projects
88(2)
Selected Readings
90(1)
Endnotes
90(2)
Patterns for Developing School Finance Systems
92(24)
Concern for Equal Rights
92(1)
Full State Funding
93(3)
District Power Equalization
96(6)
Property Reassessment and Local District Revenues
102(1)
Determining the Best Finance Plan
102(1)
Equalization of Services
103(1)
Emphasis on Weighting Factors
104(1)
Principal Types of Weightings
105(7)
Summary
112(1)
Assignment Projects
113(1)
Selected Readings
114(1)
Endnotes
115(1)
Sources of Revenue
116(26)
The Taxation System
116(2)
Characteristics of a Good Tax System
118(4)
Criteria for Evaluating Tax Structure
122(1)
Taxes for Education
123(1)
Property Tax
123(4)
Income Tax
127(1)
Sales Tax
128(2)
Sumptuary Tax
130(1)
Severance Tax
130(1)
Potential New Taxes
131(1)
Lotteries
132(3)
Private Foundations
135(1)
School-Business Partnerships
135(2)
Summary
137(1)
Assignment Projects
138(2)
Selected Readings
140(1)
Endnotes
140(2)
Eroding Local Control
142(22)
Diminishing Local Control
142(1)
Decreasing Rural Influence on Education
143(1)
Decreasing Urban Economic Advantages
144(1)
School Districts: Basic Administrative Units
144(4)
The Administration of Local School Districts
148(5)
Local Fiscal Control
153(4)
Advantages of Local Control
157(1)
Fiscal Independence of School Districts
158(1)
Trends in Local Taxation Practices
158(1)
Measures of Local Taxpaying Ability
159(1)
Local, State, and Federal Tax Responsibility
159(1)
Summary
160(1)
Assignment Projects
161(1)
Selected Readings
162(1)
Endnotes
162(2)
Education: A State Function
164(33)
Early Development of State Responsibility
165(2)
Development of School Finance Policies
167(4)
Developmental Stages of School Finance Theory
171(8)
The Varying State Roles
179(10)
State Financial Support
189(4)
State Ability to Support Education
193(1)
Summary
194(1)
Assignment Projects
195(1)
Selected Readings
195(1)
Endnotes
196(1)
Federal Interest in Education
197(21)
Historical Role of the Federal Government
197(3)
Federal Involvement: A Fluctuating Role
200(3)
Federal Expenditures
203(1)
Limited Federal Aid: A Reality
204(1)
Federal Fiscal Advantages and Disadvantages
205(1)
Distributing Federal Funds
206(2)
Federal-State-Local Finance Sharing
208(2)
Federal Aid in Lieu of Taxes
210(1)
Increased Governmental Services
210(2)
The Future of Federal Aid-to-Education Programs
212(1)
Department of Education
213(2)
Summary
215(1)
Assignment Projects
216(1)
Selected Readings
216(1)
Endnotes
217(1)
The Influence and Climate of the Courts
218(28)
Court Decision Guidelines
219(2)
Power of the Courts
221(1)
Equal Protection and the Courts before 1971
222(1)
Serrano v. Priest (1971)
222(2)
Consequences of Serrano
224(2)
San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez (1973)
226(2)
State Court Cases
228(2)
Complexity of Judicial Review
230(2)
Meeting Court Mandates
232(1)
Court Cases and Equity
233(4)
Principles Established by Court Decisions
237(1)
Pressure for Reform
237(1)
Finance Studies and Reform Efforts
238(1)
Factors Limiting School Finance Reform
239(1)
California's Proposition 13
239(2)
Finance Reform or Tax Reduction
241(1)
Summary
241(1)
Assignment Projects
242(1)
Selected Readings
242(1)
Endnotes
243(3)
Public Funds and Nonpublic Schools
246(21)
A Controversial Issue
246(2)
Nonpublic School Enrollments
248(1)
The Law and Church-State Relations
249(2)
Intervention by the Courts
251(4)
Educational Choice
255(7)
Controversy Not Solved
262(1)
Summary
263(1)
Assignment Projects
263(1)
Selected Readings
264(1)
Endnotes
265(2)
Financing School Facilities
267(26)
Complete Local Support
268(1)
Factors Restricting Local Responsibility
269(1)
State Capital-Outlay Financing
270(2)
The Federal Government and Capital Outlays
272(1)
State Support
273(3)
Debt Limitations Liberalized
276(1)
Equity in Financing Educational Facilities
276(1)
Equalization of School Building Costs
277(1)
Capital-Outlay Finance Plans
278(3)
School Bonding Practices
281(7)
Impact Fees
288(1)
Other Alternatives
289(1)
Summary
289(1)
Assignment Projects
290(1)
Selected Readings
291(1)
Endnotes
291(2)
Administering the School Budget
293(26)
Evolution of Budgetary Practices
293(1)
The Budget
294(6)
Administration of the Budget
300(3)
Budgeting at the School Level
303(3)
School/District Coordination
306(4)
Systems of Budget Administration
310(5)
Challenge of Leadership
315(1)
Summary
316(1)
Assignment Projects
317(1)
Selected Readings
317(1)
Endnotes
318(1)
Accounting and Auditing
319(19)
The School Accounting System
320(2)
Standard Accounting Practices
322(2)
The Use of Clearing Accounts
324(1)
Encumbrance Accounting
325(1)
Cost Accounting
326(1)
Accrual Accounting
326(1)
Computerized Accounting Systems
327(1)
Receiving and Depositing Funds
328(1)
Expending School Funds
328(1)
Financial Reports
329(1)
Auditing
330(4)
Protecting School Funds
334(1)
Summary
335(1)
Assignment Projects
336(1)
Selected Readings
336(1)
Endnotes
337(1)
Business Aspects of the School Community
338(25)
The Business Office
338(2)
Supplies and Equipment
340(1)
Purchasing
341(4)
Supply Management
345(2)
Risk Management and Insurance
347(3)
Insurance
350(6)
Transportation
356(1)
School Food Services
357(2)
Summary
359(1)
Assignment Projects
360(1)
Selected Readings
361(1)
Endnotes
361(2)
Human Resources and School Finance
363(25)
Expanding Role of Human Resource Administration
364(2)
Issues in School Human Resources
366(4)
Salary Schedules and Merit Pay
370(3)
Trends in Salary Scheduling
373(1)
Benefits
374(3)
Teachers and School Finance
377(1)
The Changing Assignments of Teachers
378(2)
Administrative and Supervisory Salaries
380(1)
Noncertificated Personnel Salaries
381(1)
Payroll Policies and Procedures
381(2)
Current Certification Issues
383(1)
Early Retirement
384(1)
Summary
385(1)
Assignment Projects
385(1)
Selected Readings
386(1)
Endnotes
386(2)
The Road Ahead in School Finance
388(9)
The Unpredictable Future of Public School Finance
390(1)
Unresolved Issues
391(1)
Some Characteristics of Educational Structure
392(1)
School Finance Goals
393(1)
The Challenge
394(1)
Summary
395(1)
Selected Readings
396(1)
Endnotes
396(1)
Appendix: Some Important Federal Programs 397(12)
Index 409


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