The First Crusade A Brief History with Documents

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-12-26
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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This volume reveals the ways in which the First Crusade changed the direction of warfare, religion, and perhaps history itself. By highlighting the theme of prophecy, the volume deepens students' understanding of the crusading ethos. The introduction situates the First Crusade in context, from Constantine to the event's twelfth-century chroniclers. The documents provide and often juxtapose a variety of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish viewpoints, offering insight into the religious, political, and personal motivations of those involved and illuminating the Crusade's extensive impact and legacy. 

Author Biography

Jay Rubenstein (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor of history at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. He specializes in the intellectual, cultural, and spiritual worlds of Europe in the Middle Ages, with areas of focus in the eleventh and twelfth centuries in England, France, and the Crusader settlements. The author of Armies of Heaven: The First Crusade and the Quest for Apocalypse and Guibert of Nogent: Portrait of a Medieval Mind, he has also written, edited, or translated numerous books and articles in the areas of intellectual, cultural, religious, and military history. His recent work examines the extensive impact of the First Crusade on the European world.

Table of Contents

Holy War
Jerusalem, the Goal of the Crusade
The Call to Crusade
The Crusade and Constantinople
Antioch: Where the Crusade Became a Holy War
Jerusalem: The Battle for Heaven

1. An Old Testament Theory of Holy War: Deuteronomy 20
2. Holy War in Action: 1 Samuel 15
3. Holy War in the Qur’an: Surah 8

4. Jerusalem in Islamic Tradition, the Night Journey of Muhammad: From Life of Muhammad
5. A Muslim Pilgrim's Description of Jerusalem: Naser-e Khosraw's Book of Travels
6. An 1101 Travel Guide to Jerusalem: "Description of the Holy Places"
7. The Revelation of Pseudo-Methodius: Christian Prophecy About Jerusalem and the Apocalypse
8. A French Monk’s Account of the Destruction of the Holy Sepulcher: Rodulfus Glaber
9. A Muslim Historian’s Account of the Destruction of the Holy Sepulcher
10. The Departure of the Great German Pilgrimage of 1064: Vita Altmanni
11. The Crisis of the German Pilgrimage, March 27, 1065: Lambert of Hersfeld, Annales

12. Urban II’s Crusading Indulgence
13. Urban II’s Sermon at Clermont: The Version of Robert the Monk
14. Urban II’s Sermon at Clermont: An Excerpt from Guibert of Nogent’s Version
15. Peter the Hermit as Inventor of the Crusade: From the Chronicle of Albert of Aachen
16. The Message of Peter the Hermit: From The Rosenfeld Annals
17. Bohemond, a Norman Leader, Takes the Cross: From The Deeds of the Franks
18. Tancred Takes the Cross: from Ralph of Caen’s Gesta Tancredi
19. Ekkehard of Aura on the Public Reaction to the Call to Crusade
20. The Massacre of the Jews of Mainz, Recounted in the Hebrew Chronicle

21. Anna Comnena Describes Peter the Hermit’s Crusade: From The Alexiad
22. The Crusaders at Constantinople: A Latin Perspective: From The Deeds of the Franks
23. Anna Comnena Describes the Crusaders at Constantinople: From The Alexiad
24. From Constantinople to Nicea: A Letter from Count Stephen of Blois
25. Fulcher of Chartres on the Battle of Dorylaeum
26. Raymond of Aguilers on the Battle of Dorylaeum
27. The Road to Antioch: A Letter from Bishop Adhémar of Le Puy and Patriarch Simeon of Jerusalem

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