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The First Crusade: The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres and Other Source Materials

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780812216561

ISBN10:
0812216563
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/18/1998
Publisher(s):
Univ of Pennsylvania Pr
List Price: $24.95

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Summary

The First Crusade received its name and shape late. To its contemporaries, the event was a journey and the men who took part in it pilgrims. Only later were those participants dubbed Crusaders--"those signed with the Cross." In fact, many developments with regard to the First Crusade, like the bestowing of the cross and the elaboration of Crusaders' privileges, did not occur until the late twelfth century, almost one hundred years after the event itself. In a greatly expanded second edition, Edward Peters brings together the primary texts that document eleventh-century reform ecclesiology, the appearance of new social groups and their attitudes, the institutional and literary evidence dealing with Holy War and pilgrimage, and, most important, the firsthand experiences by men who participated in the events of 1095-1099. Peters supplements his previous work by including a considerable number of texts not available at the time of the original publication. The new material, which constitutes nearly one-third of the book, consists chiefly of materials from non-Christian sources, especially translations of documents written in Hebrew and Arabic. In addition, Peters has extensively revised and expanded the Introduction to address the most important issues of recent scholarship.

Author Biography

Edward Peters is Henry Charles Lea Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania. His publications include The Magician, the Witch, and the Law, The First Crusade,Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe, and, with Alan C. Kors, Witchcraft in Europe, 400-1700: A Documentary History, all available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.

Table of Contents

Preface xi(2)
Abbreviations xiii
Introduction 1(24)
I. Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont, November 27, 1095
25(22)
1. The Speech of Urban: The Gesta Version
25(1)
2. The Speech of Urban: The Version of Robert of Rheims
26(3)
3. The Speech of Urban: The Version of Baldric of Dol
29(4)
4. The Speech of Urban: The Version of Guibert of Nogent
33(4)
5. The Privilege of Urban to the Pilgrims
37(1)
6. The Truce of God Proclaimed in the Diocese of Cologne
38(3)
7. The Truce of God Proclaimed at the Council of Clermont
41(1)
8. Urban's Letter to the Faithful in Flanders
42(1)
9. Urban in Anjou, Lent, 1096: The Chronicle of Fulk le Rechin
42(2)
10. Urban's Letter to His Supporters in Bologna
44(1)
11. Urban's Letter to the Monks of Vallombrosa
44(1)
12. Urban's Letter to the Counts of Besalu, Empurias, Rousillon, and Cerdana and Their Followers
45(2)
II. The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres, Book I (1095-1100)
47(55)
Martha E. McGinty
III. Peter the Hermit and the "Crusade of the People" (March-October, 1096)
102(50)
1. Peter the Hermit: The Version of Guibert of Nogent
103(1)
2. Peter the Hermit: The Version of Albert of Aachen
103(4)
3. Peter the Hermit: The Version of William of Tyre
107(2)
4. The Slaughter of the Jews: The Version of Albert of Aachen
109(3)
5. The Slaughter of the Jews: The Version of Ekkehard of Aura
112(1)
6. Gezerot Tatnu 4856: The Version of the Anonymous of Mainz
112(13)
7. Gezerot Tatnu 4856: The Version of Solomon ben Simson
125(14)
8. Folcmar and Gottschalk in Hungary: The Version of Albert of Aachen
139(1)
9. Folcmar and Gottschalk in Hungary: The Version of Ekkehard of Aura
140(1)
10. The Crusaders in Hungary: The Version of Solomon ben Simson
140(3)
11. The End of the "Crusade of the People":The Version of Anna Comnena
143(1)
12. The End of the "Crusade of the People": The Gesta Version
144(2)
13. The End of the "Crusade of the People": The Version of Albert of Aachen
146(4)
14. The Byzantines Save Peter the Hermit: The Version of Anna Comnena
150(2)
IV. The Journey to Constantinople (August, 1096-May, 1097)
152(7)
1. The Gesta Version
152(1)
2. The Deserters: The Version of Albert of Aachen
153(1)
3. Bohemund: The Gesta Version
153(3)
4. Raymond of Toulouse and Ademar of Le Puy: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
156(3)
V. The Crusaders at Constantinople (October, 1096-May, 1097)
159(21)
1. Hugh of Vermandois: The Version of Anna Comnena
159(2)
2. Godfrey of Bouillon: The Gesta Version
161(1)
3. Godfrey of Bouillon: The Version of Albert of Aachen
162(6)
4. Godfrey of Bouillon: The Version of Anna Comnena
168(3)
5. The Byzantines: The Version of Peter Tudebode
171(2)
6. Bohemund: The Gesta Version
173(1)
7. Bohemund: The Version of Anna Comnena
174(3)
8. Raymond of Toulouse and Ademar of Le Puy: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
177(1)
9. Raymond of Toulouse: The Gesta Version
178(1)
10. Raymond of Toulouse: The Version of Anna Comnena
179(1)
VI. The Siege and Capture of Nicaea (May-June, 1097)
180(7)
1. The Gesta Version
180(2)
2. The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
182(2)
3. The Version of Anna Comnena
184(1)
4. The Letter of Emperor Alexius I to the Abbot of Monte Cassino
185(2)
VII. The Siege and Capture of Antioch, Kerbogha's Attack, and the Discovery of the Holy Lance (October, 1097-July, 1098)
187(51)
1. Nicaea to Antioch: The Version of Peter Tudebode
188(1)
2. The Gesta Version
189(2)
3. The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
191(2)
4. The Suffering of the Crusaders: The Gesta Version
193(3)
5. The Suffering of the Crusaders: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
196(3)
6. The Suffering of the Crusaders: The Version of Peter Tudebode
199(3)
7. The Fall of Antioch: The Gesta Version
202(3)
8. The Fall of Antioch: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
205(1)
9. Kerbogha's Attack: The Gesta Version
206(5)
10. Kerbogha's Attack: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
211(2)
11. The Discovery of the Holy Lance: The Gesta Version
213(2)
12. The Discovery of the Holy Lance: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
215(6)
13. The Defeat of Kerbogha: The Gesta Version
221(3)
14. The Defeat of Kerbogha: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
224(4)
15. The Firanj Seize Antioch: The Version of Ibn al-Athir
228(3)
16. The Firanj Seize Antioch: The Version of Ibn al-Qalanisi
231(2)
17. Kerbogha's Attack: The Version of Ibn al-Athir
233(2)
18. Kerbogha's Attack: The Version of Ibn al-Qalanisi
235(1)
19. The Firanj Take Ma'arrat an-Nu`man: The Version of Ibn al-Athir
235(1)
20. The Firanj Take Ma'arrat an-Nu`man: The Version of Ibn al-Qalanisi
236(2)
VIII. The Siege and Capture of Jerusalem (June-July, 1099)
238(45)
1. The March to Jerusalem: The Gesta Version
238(1)
2. The March to Jerusalem: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
239(6)
3. The Fall of Jerusalem: The Version of Peter Tudebode
245(4)
4. The Fall of Jerusalem: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
249(6)
5. The Fall of Jerusalem: The Gesta Version
255(1)
6. The Frankish Triumph: The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
256(5)
7. "The Vision of Peace": The Gesta Version
261(1)
8. "The Vision of Peace": The Version of Raymond d'Aguilers
261(2)
9. "May God Restore It Forever": The Geniza Letters
263(9)
10. The Firanj Conquer Jerusalem: The Version of Ibn al-Athir
272(2)
11. The Firanj Conquer Jerusalem: The Version of Ibn al-Qalanisi
274(1)
12. Ascalon and Its Aftermath: The Version of Ibn al-Qalanisi
275(2)
13. Ascalon and Its Aftermath: The Version of Peter Tudebode
277(4)
14. The Latins in the Levant: From the Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres, Book III
281(2)
IX. Letters of the Crusaders
283(15)
1. The Patriarch of Jerusalem to the Church in the West (Antioch, January 1098)
283(1)
2. Anselm of Ribemont to Manasses II, Archbishop of Rheims (Antioch, February 10, 1098)
284(3)
3. Stephen, Count of Blois and Chartres, to His Wife, Adele (Antioch, March 29, 1098)
287(2)
4. Anselm of Ribemont to Manasses II, Archbishop of Rheims (Antioch, July 1098)
289(2)
5. The People of Lucca on Crusade to All Faithful Christians (Antioch, October 1098)
291(1)
6. Godfrey of Bouillon, Raymond of St. Gilles, and Daimbert to Pope Paschal II (Laodicea, September 1099)
292(4)
7. Manasses II, Archbishop of Rheims, to Lambert, Bishop of Arras (1099)
296(1)
8. Pope Paschal II to the Clergy in Gaul (1099)
297(1)
X. Three Problematic Texts
298(11)
1. The "Encyclical" of "Sergius IV"
298(4)
Thomas G. Waldman
2. La Chanson d'Antioche
302(5)
3. Nomen a solemnibus
307(2)
Bibliographical Essay 309


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