9780834219045

Fix Schools First : Blueprint for Achieving Learning Standards

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780834219045

  • ISBN10:

    0834219042

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-02-01
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett

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Summary

For decades the American public school system has been in crisis. In 1983 the report, A Nation at Risk, sounded the clarion call, outlining specific goals for educational reform--which haven't yet been implemented. FIX SCHOOLS FIRST outlines an innovative, practical method based on sound management principles. In this book, you will learn: --How the United States can meet the eight national goals by the year 2010 --How your school can meet the student learning standards set by your state department of education and local school district --Why costs have risen so dramatically since 1983--and how you can apply a proven cost containment action plan --How you can realize 25 success factors for achieving breakthroughs in student learning For every administrator, school board member, and teacher--and any organization and individual concerned with U.S. education FIX SCHOOLS FIRST is a must-have, must-read book on educational reform!

Author Biography

Jack E. Bowsher is a professional educator and former Director of Education for IBM who has studied the issues of education reform for 14 years.

Table of Contents

Foreword xiii
Preface xix
Acknowledgments xxiii
Introduction xxvii
PART I---OVERPOWERING REASONS FOR CHANGE 1(52)
Educators Ring Alarm Bell on Quality
3(16)
How Serious Are the Quality Issues?
4(2)
What Is the Definition for Success?
6(3)
Where Do You Find Successful School Districts?
9(1)
What Are the Major Excuses for Failure?
10(6)
Time to Do Away with Excuses
16(3)
Ring Another Alarm Bell for Escalating Costs
19(16)
First or Second Largest Line Item of Government Expense
19(2)
Inequalities of Rich and Poor Districts
21(2)
What Are the Realistic Costs for Operating Schools?
23(1)
Schools Are a Business
24(2)
Federal Role in Funding Schools
26(1)
Other Sources of Investment
27(1)
Additional Costs for Failure
28(1)
How High Will the Costs Go?
29(6)
Why Systemic Change Is the Only Alternative
35(18)
Are Schools Better Than Ever?
35(3)
What Are the Alternatives for Future Education Reform Programs?
38(2)
Theory of Upper Limits
40(3)
What Are the Real Educational Problems That Must Be Addressed?
43(5)
Why Superintendents and Principals Are Not Leaders of Learning
48(1)
New Attitude for Education Reform Is Required in Schools
48(1)
What Happens If Educators Do Not Support Systemic Change?
49(1)
Time To Focus on the Real Problems in Learning
50(3)
PART II---GOOD INTENTIONS FOR ALMOST TWO DECADES 53(72)
Low-Cost, Quick-Fix, and Sound-Good Programs
55(20)
Adopt-a-School
55(1)
Site-Based Management
56(1)
Create Smaller Schools
57(1)
Test the Teachers
58(1)
Hire Noncertified Teachers
59(2)
Obtain More Parental Involvement and Support
61(1)
Volunteer Programs
62(1)
Uniforms for Students
63(1)
Learning Contract
63(1)
Implement Total Quality Management
64(1)
Instructional Grouping
65(1)
Single-Sex Schools
65(1)
Scheduling Adjustments
66(1)
Standardized Lesson Plans
67(1)
Move the Most Effective Teachers to Inner-City Schools
68(1)
Hire More Minority Teachers
68(1)
Warranty Pledges for New Teachers
69(1)
Eliminate Tenure
69(1)
Raise the Bar for Academic Performance
70(1)
Recognition and Rewards
70(1)
More Male Teachers in Elementary Schools
71(1)
Summary of Low-Cost, Quick-Fix, and Sound-Good Solutions
71(4)
High-Cost and Long-Term Programs
75(26)
Busing Students to Integrated Schools
75(1)
Business Roundtable Adopts States
76(1)
Education Research
77(1)
Social Promotion
78(1)
Longer School Days
79(1)
More Days per Year
80(1)
Breakfasts and Lunches
81(1)
School-Based Health Centers
81(1)
More Years of Schooling for High School Graduates
82(1)
Universal Preschool for Four-Year-Old Students
83(1)
Computers
84(1)
Cooperative Learning
84(2)
Schoolwide Reform
86(2)
Enhanced Professional Development Programs
88(1)
Additional Compensation
89(2)
Hire Better Teachers
91(1)
Pay for Performance
91(2)
Tutoring
93(1)
Number of Students in the Class
94(2)
Economic School Desegregation
96(1)
Build First-Class Facilities
96(1)
Overhaul Governance
97(1)
Summary of High-Cost and Long-Term Programs
97(4)
Move the Educators and Students
101(24)
Choice
101(1)
Vouchers
102(5)
Magnet Schools
107(1)
Charter Schools
108(7)
Privatization of Schools
115(3)
Home Schooling
118(3)
Summary of Good Intentions for Two Decades
121(4)
PART III---THE SEARCH FOR BREAKTHROUGHS IN LEARNING 125(108)
Goals, Standards, and Accountability
127(18)
Establishing National Goals
127(4)
Standards To Achieve Goals
131(2)
Accountability To Achieve Standards
133(5)
``Beating the System'' and Cheating
138(2)
Backlash on Testing
140(1)
Small Improvement Is Not Victory
141(4)
Need for a World-Class Curriculum
145(20)
Definition of Standards, Curriculum, and Lessons
145(1)
Requirement for Integrated Curriculum
146(1)
Directors of Curriculum Are Essential
147(1)
Need for a World-Class Curriculum
148(10)
Alternative Classroom or School for ``Problem'' Students
158(1)
Workplace Education and Training
158(1)
High-Potential and Gifted Students
159(1)
Special Education
160(1)
Education for Immigrants
161(1)
Curriculum Planning Is the Foundation for Student Learning
161(4)
Why Learning Systems Are Essential in Classrooms
165(22)
Definition of a Learning System
166(1)
Concepts of a Learning System
166(1)
Base Information for Good Learning Systems
167(2)
Design of Teaching Guides and Course Materials
169(2)
Why Instructional Systems Design Methods Are Essential
171(1)
Interactive Tutoring
172(1)
Multiple Intelligence in Learning Systems
173(2)
Professional Development for Teaching
175(1)
Measurement and Management of Learning
176(2)
Closing the Achievement Gap with Minorities
178(1)
Will Teachers Accept Learning Systems?
179(2)
What Are the Consequences for Not Using Learning Systems?
181(1)
Learning Systems Are Critical to Success in Most Classrooms
182(5)
Development and Affordability of Learning Systems
187(32)
Personnel Required for Learning System Development
187(1)
Who Will Develop Learning Systems?
188(3)
New American Schools
191(1)
Schoolwide Reform Models
192(1)
School Reform Models That Are Available
193(3)
Other Sources for Learning Systems
196(1)
Proof-of-Concept Case Study
197(3)
Opportunity for Federal Department of Education
200(1)
Affordability of Learning Systems
201(3)
Cost of Failure and Retention
204(2)
Case Study on Affordability
206(3)
Incremental Funds in 1999 and 2000
209(1)
Increased Compensation for Teacher Creativity
209(1)
Selection of Learning Systems
210(3)
Learning Systems for Mainstream and At-Risk Students
213(1)
Empowerment of Teachers and Administrators
214(5)
Need for an Exciting New Vision
219(14)
Example of a New Vision
220(1)
Important Success Factors
220(7)
No Excuse for Poor Performance
227(1)
Vision Achieves Better Teaching
228(2)
Benefits of This Vision for Teachers
230(3)
PART IV---HOW TO INSTITUTIONALIZE CHANGE 233(102)
Need for a New Management System
235(24)
Schools Must Be Managed
235(1)
New Multilevel Organization for Working Partnerships
236(5)
Systems Approach for Academic Performance
241(2)
``Better Teaching'' Requires ``Better Management''
243(2)
New Statewide or Districtwide Administrative System
245(1)
Three Basic Types of Administrators
246(1)
Other Key Positions Required for the New Vision
247(1)
Administrator's Institute for Management
248(1)
Requirement for a New Position: Master Teachers
249(2)
Requirement for Para-Educators
251(1)
Counseling Students
251(1)
Job Training for Nonteaching Staff
252(1)
Case Study of Management
253(1)
Achieve Total Quality Management in Schools
254(5)
Need for a Change Management System
259(24)
From Traditional Model to a Learning-Centered Model
259(1)
Guidelines for Creating and Managing Change
260(4)
Who Is Responsible for Creating Change?
264(2)
Difference between Pilot Schools and Charter Schools
266(1)
Training Required To Create Change
266(1)
Lessons of Change from New American Schools
267(1)
What Role Does Technology Play in the Change Process?
267(7)
Case Study for an Instructional Technology Program
274(1)
Size Will Evolve To Be an Advantage
275(1)
Case Study of Change
276(2)
What Happens If Change Management Principles Are Not Used?
278(1)
Change Is Not Easy, but It Does Happen
279(4)
Why Stakeholders Will Endorse the New Paradigm
283(24)
Political Leaders
283(1)
Business Leaders
284(1)
Media
285(1)
Advocacy Groups
285(1)
Colleges of Education
286(4)
Secretary of Education and Federal Department of Education
290(1)
State School Officer and State Department of Education
291(1)
Accreditation Agencies
292(1)
School Boards
292(1)
Superintendent and District Staff
293(1)
Principals and Vice-Principals
293(1)
Teachers
294(2)
Teacher Unions
296(4)
Parents
300(2)
Taxpayers
302(1)
Students
302(1)
The Challenge
303(4)
Call for Dynamic Leadership and Action
307(28)
Reasons for Slow Progress
307(1)
Why Teachers Cannot Lead the Required Changes
308(1)
Requirements for an Outstanding Management Team
309(2)
What Are the Sources for Outstanding Candidates?
311(2)
Performance Audit of a School District
313(2)
The Need for Outstanding Principals
315(1)
New Role of the School Board
316(1)
Organization Leadership Is Required
317(1)
Role of Foundations To Solve Leadership Challenge
317(2)
Successful Case Studies of Leadership
319(1)
Is Public Shaming Really Needed for Accountability?
320(1)
New Lawsuits Will Motivate Change
321(1)
Need for Dynamic Action Plans
322(1)
Stop the Backlash on Standards
323(1)
Brief Review of Other Countries
324(3)
Conclusion
327(8)
Suggested Readings 335(6)
Appendix A: Definitions of Various Systems Used throughout an Education System 341(4)
Index 345(10)
About the Author 355

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