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This accessible guide brings together well-known authorities to examine what reading fluency is and how it can best be taught. Teachers get a clear, practical roadmap for navigating the often confusing terrain of this crucial aspect of balanced literacy instruction. Innovative approaches to instruction and assessment are described and illustrated with vivid examples from K-12 classrooms. The book debunks common misconceptions about fluency and clarifies its key role in comprehension. Effective practices are presented for developing fluency in specific populations, including English language learners, adolescents, and struggling readers. New to this edition: reflects advances in fluency research and the ongoing development of exemplary instructional approaches three new chapters on English language learners and chapters on adolescent fluency, reading expressiveness, oral reading instruction, and text selection.
Timothy Rasinski, PhD, is Professor of Literacy Education at Kent State University. His scholarly interests include reading fluency and word study, reading in the elementary and middle grades, and readers who struggle. Dr. Rasinski has received the A. B. Herr and Laureate Awards from the College Reading Association and is an elected member of the International Reading Hall of Fame.
Camille Blachowicz, PhD, is Research Professor and Professor Emeritus at National Louis University, where she has directed the Reading Specialist Program and the Reading Center. Her research and publications focus on vocabulary and comprehension instruction and on working with at-risk readers. Dr. Blachowicz was a Fulbright Fellow in Italy and is Co-Principal Investigator of the federally funded Multiphase Comprehensive Vocabulary Instruction Project.
Kristin Lems, EdD, is Professor in English as a Second Language/Bilingual Education at National Louis University, where she teaches graduate courses for practicing teachers. She has written a number of books, chapters, and articles in both the ESL and reading fields. Dr. Lems was a Fulbright Scholar in Algeria for 2 years and is an English Language Specialist with the Office of English Language Programs at the U.S. Department of State.
Table of Contents
I. Fluency Theory, Fluency Research
1. Reading Fluency: Its Past, Present, and Future, S. Jay Samuels
2. Developing Fluency in the Context of Effective Literacy Instruction, Timothy Shanahan
3. Reading Expressiveness: The Neglected Aspect of Reading Fluency, Paula J. Schwanenflugel and Rebekah George Benjamin
4. The Importance of Adolescent Fluency, David D. Paige
5. Reading Fluency Revisited: Much More Than Fast and Accurate Reading, Barbara J. Walker, Kouider Mokhtari, and Stephan Sargent
6. Fluency: The Link between Decoding and Comprehension for Struggling Readers, David J. Chard, John J. Pikulski, and Sarah H. McDonagh
7. \u0022Hey Teacher, When You Say \u2018Fluency,\u2019 What Do You Mean?\u0022: Developing Fluency in Elementary Classrooms, D. Ray Reutzel
II. Best Programs, Best Practices
8. Battling on Two Fronts: Creating Effective Oral Reading Instruction, Melanie R. Kuhn, Gwynne E. Ash, and Megan Gregory
9. \u0022Jonathon Is 11 but Reads LikeaStruggling 7-Year-Old\u0022: Providing Assistance for Struggling Readers with Audio-Assisted Reading Programs, Meryl-Lynn Pluck
10. The Fluency Development Lesson: A Model of Authentic and Effective Fluency Instruction, Belinda Zimmerman and Timothy Rasinski
11. Paired Reading: Impact of a Tutoring Method on Reading Accuracy, Comprehension, and Fluency, Keith J. Topping
12. \u0022Everybody Reads\u0022: Fluency as a Focus for Staff Development, Camille L. Z. Blachowicz, Mary Kay Moskal, Jennifer R. Massarelli, Connie M. Obrochta, Ellen Fogelberg, and Peter Fisher
13. Hijacking Fluency and Instructionally Informative Assessments, Danielle L. Dennis, Kathryn L. Solic, and Richard L. Allington
III. Special Topics, Special Populations
14. Teaching Fluency (and Decoding) through Fast Start: An Early Childhood Parental Involvement Program, Timothy Rasinski, Nancy Padak, and Bruce Stevenson
15. Reading Fluency and Comprehension in English Language Learners, Kristin Lems
16. Fluency Instruction in Reading in a Second or Foreign Language, Etsuo Taguchi and Greta Gorsuch
17. Fluency Scores of English Language Learners: What Can They Tell Us?, Becky McTague, Kristin Lems, Dana Butler, and Elsa Carmona
18. Curious George and Rosetta Stone: The Role of Texts in Supporting Automaticity in Beginning Reading, Elfrieda H. Hiebert
19. Building a Focus on Oral Reading Fluency into Individual Instruction forStruggling Readers, Jerry Zutell, Randal Donelson, Jessica Bevans, and Patsy Todt