Forensic Geotechnical and Foundation Engineering, Second Edition

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 5/2/2011
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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An up-to-date, all-in-one guide to geotechnical and foundation investigations in forensic engineering Forensic Geotechnical and Foundation Engineering, Second Edition provides a step-by-step approach to conducting a professional forensic geotechnical and foundation investigation. Written by a leading forensic engineer and packed with case studies, the book explains how to: investigate damage, deterioration, or collapse in a structure; evaluate problems caused by settlement, expansive soil, slope movement, moisture, and intrusion; investigate damage from earthquakes and other natural causes; determine what caused the damage; develop repair recommendations; prepare files and reports; avoid civil liability Forensic Geotechnical and Foundation Engineering, Second Edition features: Case studies integrated throughout rather than in appendix New section on timber decay New section on crack diagnostics Coverage of shrinkage of concrete SI units The logical way to study a failurefrom investigation to repair and liability resolution Comprehensive coverage: Assignment; Investigation; Engineering; Settlement of Structures; Expansive Soils; Lateral Movement; Other Geotechnical and Foundation Problems; Groundwater and Moisture Problems; Repairs; Reducing Potential Liability

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Definition of a Forensic Engineerp. 1
Types of Damagep. 3
Typical Clientsp. 4
Legal Processp. 5
Civil Litigationp. 5
Important Legal Termsp. 6
Discoveryp. 8
Alternative Dispute Resolutionp. 9
Trialp. 10
Examplesp. 11
Outline of Chaptersp. 17
Assignment and Investigation
The Assignmentp. 27
Preliminary Informationp. 27
Accepting the Assignmentp. 28
Curriculum Vitaep. 28
Compensationp. 30
Forensic Engineer's Agreement with the Clientp. 30
Confidentialityp. 30
The Investigationp. 33
Planning the Investigationp. 33
Site Investigationp. 35
Initial Site Visitp. 35
Nondestructive Testingp. 36
Destructive Testingp. 37
Monitoringp. 44
Laboratory Testingp. 49
Document Searchp. 53
Project Reports and Plansp. 53
Building Codesp. 55
Technical Documentsp. 55
Analysis and Conclusionsp. 55
Case Studyp. 56
Report Preparationp. 59
Forensic Geotechnical and Foundation Investigations
Settlement of Structuresp. 65
Introductionp. 66
Allowable Settlementp. 66
Different Types of Foundations and Buildingsp. 69
Classification of Cracking Damagep. 70
Component of Lateral Movementp. 72
Collapsible Soilp. 76
Backfill Settlementp. 79
Other Causes of Settlementp. 80
Limestone Cavities or Sinkholesp. 80
Consolidation of Soft and/or Organic Soilp. 82
Collapse of Underground Mines and Tunnelsp. 83
Ground Subsidence due to Extraction of Oil or Groundwaterp. 86
Settlement of Landfills and Decomposition of Organic Matterp. 87
Change in Properties with Timep. 90
Example of Change in Properties with Timep. 91
Case Studiesp. 92
Expansive Soilp. 103
Introductionp. 103
Expansive Soil Factorsp. 104
Laboratory Testingp. 105
Surcharge Pressurep. 106
Swelling of Desiccated Clayp. 106
Identification of Desiccated Clayp. 107
Hydraulic Conductivity and Rate of Swellp. 109
Types of Expansive Soil Movementp. 112
Lateral Movementp. 112
Vertical Movementp. 113
Foundation Design for Expansive Soilp. 114
Conventional Slab-on-Grade Foundationp. 114
Posttensioned Slab-on-Gradep. 115
Pier and Grade Beam Supportp. 119
Other Treatment Alternativesp. 119
Pavementsp. 120
Flexible Pavementsp. 120
Concrete Pavementsp. 125
Flatworkp. 126
Upward Movementp. 126
Walking of Flatworkp. 129
Case Studyp. 131
Lateral Movementp. 137
Typical Causes of Lateral Movementp. 137
Allowable Lateral Movement of Buildingsp. 140
Rock Fallp. 142
Case Studiesp. 144
Surficial Slope Failuresp. 154
Stability Analysisp. 155
Surficial Failuresp. 156
Gross Slope Failuresp. 154
Case Studyp. 162
Landslidesp. 171
Case Studyp. 174
Debris Flowp. 187
Case Studyp. 189
Slope Softening and Creepp. 192
Case Studyp. 192
Trench Cave-Insp. 203
Case Studyp. 206
Dam Failuresp. 208
Large Damsp. 208
Small Damsp. 212
Landslide Damsp. 213
Other Geotechnical and Foundation Problemsp. 215
Introductionp. 215
Earthquakesp. 216
Surface Faulting and Ground Rupturep. 217
Liquefactionp. 220
Slope Movement and Settlementp. 221
Translation and Rotationp. 221
Foundation Behaviorp. 222
Erosionp. 225
Sea Cliffsp. 227
Badlandsp. 234
Deteriorationp. 234
Sulfate Attackp. 234
Pavement Deteriorationp. 244
Frostp. 245
Tree Rootsp. 247
Bearing Capacity Failuresp. 249
Buildingsp. 249
Roadsp. 251
Pumping of Clayp. 251
Historic Structuresp. 252
Case Studyp. 256
Unusual Soilp. 260
Case Studyp. 266
Retaining Wallsp. 285
Case Studyp. 290
Shrinkage Cracking of Concrete Foundationsp. 294
Timber Decay of Foundationsp. 302
Soluble Soil Particlesp. 305
Groundwater and Moisture Problemsp. 309
Groundwaterp. 309
Pavementsp. 310
Slopesp. 312
Moisture Migration through Floor Slabsp. 315
Moisture Dome Test and Vapor Flow Ratep. 318
Acceptable Vapor Flow Ratesp. 320
Structural Design and Construction Detailsp. 320
Flat Slab Ceilingsp. 321
Moisture Migration through Basement Wallsp. 323
Damage due to Moisture Migration through Basement Wallsp. 323
Structural Design and Construction Detailsp. 326
Case Studyp. 327
Pipe Breaks and Clogsp. 330
Surface Drainagep. 334
Repairs and Crack Diagnosis
Repairsp. 341
Development of Repair Recommendationsp. 341
Projects Involving Civil Litigationp. 342
Repair of Slab-on-Grade Foundationsp. 343
Reinforced Matp. 343
Reinforced Mat with Piersp. 346
Partial Removal and/or Strengthening of the Foundationp. 348
Concrete Crack Repairsp. 351
Other Foundation Repair Alternativesp. 354
Repair of Surficial Slope Failuresp. 355
Rebuild the Failure Areap. 356
Geogrid Repairp. 356
Soil-Cement Repairp. 359
Pipe Piles and Wood Laggingp. 360
Suitability of Repair Methodp. 362
Summaryp. 363
Repair of Gross Slope Failures and Landslidesp. 363
Pier Wallsp. 364
Crack Diagnosisp. 377
Introductionp. 377
Pavements Cracksp. 377
Cracks in Wallsp. 383
Foundation Cracksp. 394
Ground Cracks and Fissuresp. 401
Damage due to Earthquakesp. 419
Cracking to Repaired Structuresp. 430
Reducing Potential Liability
Concluding Chapterp. 435
Future Outlook for Forensic Engineeringp. 435
Reducing Potential Liabilityp. 435
Preparation of Reports and File Managementp. 437
Report Preparationp. 437
Daily Field Reportsp. 438
File Managementp. 438
Examples of Poor File Managementp. 439
Engineering Jargon, Superlatives, and Technical Wordsp. 440
Engineering Jargonp. 440
Superlativesp. 441
Technical Wordsp. 443
Strategies to Avoid Civil Liabilityp. 443
Assessing Riskp. 444
Insurancop. 444
Limitation of Liability Clausesp. 445
Recommended Practices for Design Professionals Engaged as Experts in the Resolution of Construction Industry Disputes (ASFE)p. 447
Case Management Orderp. 453
Referencesp. 475
Indexp. 491
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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