9780859897518

Fortress Builder Bernard de Gomme, Charles II's Military Engineer

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780859897518

  • ISBN10:

    0859897516

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-01-01
  • Publisher: Liverpool University Press
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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

This is the first study dedicated to the military engineer Bernard de Gomme, builder of many English citadels and forts. Very heavily illustrated and produced in a large format, it includes reproductions of many of de Gomme's original plans and drawings. Bernard de Gomme started his English career when Prince Rupert recruited him as a fortifications expert at the beginning of the English Civil War. After the Restoration, he became Surveyor-General of the Ordnance Office. Though Dutch in origin, he was the contemporory equivalent of Louis XIV's great engineer Vauban. De Gomme personifies the development of English military engineering during the late seventeenth century, at a time when bastioned fortification in Europe was at its most sophisticated. De Gomme's life and work are the central elements of the book, but the book also provides an education in seventeenth-century military fortification theory and practice.

Author Biography

Andrew Saunders is an authority in the field of military architecture, both of early medieval castles and later artillery fortifications, in which he acquired an international reputation. His other books include “Fortress Britain: Artillery Fortification in the British Isles and Ireland” (1989); “Exploring England’s Heritage: Devon and Cornwall” (1991); “The English Heritage Book of Channel Defenses” (1997); and numerous official guide books to castles and fortifications.

Table of Contents

List of plates and figures
vi
Acknowledgements ix
Abbreviations x
Introduction: The Background to Seventeenth-Century Fortress Building 1(1)
The European background
2(3)
Military organisation
5(4)
Predominance of siege warfare
9(3)
The role of the engineer
12(2)
Bernard de Gomme (1620--1685)
14(4)
The Anglo-Dutch relationship and the Civil Wars
18(6)
The Old Dutch School of Fortification
24(26)
The Civil War
50(32)
Dunkirk and Tangier
82(24)
Plymouth Citadel
106(27)
Portsmouth
133(36)
The Medway
169(23)
Tilbury Fort
192(23)
The Tower of London and Other Commissions
215(22)
De Gomme and the Ordnance Office
237(30)
De Gomme as Draughtsman
267(29)
De Gomme as Military Engineer
296(32)
Conclusion: De Gomme, the Man in Context 328(10)
Appendix: List of de Gomme's Plans and Drawings 338(17)
Notes 355(13)
Glossary 368(3)
Bibliography 371(6)
Index 377

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