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Foundations of Law: Cases, Commentary And Ethics,9781418013844
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Foundations of Law: Cases, Commentary And Ethics

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9781418013844

ISBN10:
1418013846
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/7/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $176.95

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This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 7/7/2006.
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Summary

In the fourth edition of Foundations of Law, concentration on the overview of American law and its legal system permeates the book to assist readers in preparation for advanced study. Over forty excerpted judicial opinions are used to illustrate basic themes, and instructive case studies are presented to challenge users beyond acquiring knowledge, so that thorough understanding of concepts and their application in difficult scenarios can be achieved. Each chapter is designed for one week of study, and is written with clarity and conciseness to facilitate comprehension of the material. The addition of chapter review questions and websites promote learning and retention.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Table of Cases
xix
Law and the Profession of Law
1(35)
Introduction
1(1)
The Law and the Lawyer
2(2)
Becoming a Lawyer
4(4)
Law School
4(1)
Obtaining a License to Practice Law
5(1)
Bar Examination
6(1)
Attorney Employment
7(1)
What Lawyers Do
8(10)
The Lawyer as Provider of Legal Services
9(3)
The Lawyer as Advisor
12(2)
The Lawyer as Counselor
14(1)
The Lawyer as Negotiator
14(4)
Paralegals/Legal Assistants
18(15)
Origins
18(1)
Paralegal Training
19(2)
Curriculum
21(1)
What Paralegals May Not Do
22(2)
Legal Technicians
24(4)
What Paralegals Do
28(5)
Summary
33(1)
Key Terms
33(1)
Chapter Review Questions
34(1)
Critical Thinking Questions
34(1)
Cyber Exercises
35(1)
Scenario
35(1)
Ethics
36(33)
Introduction
36(1)
History of Ethical Rules
37(1)
The Model Code and the Model Rules
37(1)
Codes for Legal Assistants
38(5)
Disclosure
43(3)
Defining the Practice of Law
46(1)
Unauthorized Practice of Law (UPL)
46(5)
Legal Representation before a Court
47(3)
Preparation of Legal Documents
50(1)
Giving Legal Advice
50(1)
Confidentiality
51(6)
Exceptions to Confidentiality
54(3)
Conflicts of Interest
57(3)
Solicitation
60(1)
Fees
61(1)
Reporting Misconduct
61(1)
Trust Accounts
62(2)
Malpractice
64(1)
Misconduct Outside the Practice of Law
64(1)
Summary
65(1)
Key Terms
66(1)
Chapter Review Questions
66(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
66(1)
Cyber Exercises
67(1)
Scenario
67(2)
Sources of the Law: Cases
69(22)
Law and the Courts
69(10)
Judicial Restraint
69(1)
The Common Law
70(1)
Judges Make Law
71(1)
Stare Decisis
72(4)
Distinguishing Cases
76(3)
Adjudication versus Legislation
79(8)
Adjudication: Narrow Focus on Past Events
79(1)
Legislation: Universal Application and Future Effect
79(3)
Obiter Dictum
82(3)
Nonbinding Authority
85(2)
Summary
87(1)
Key Terms
87(1)
Chapter Review Questions
88(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
88(1)
Cyber Exercises
88(1)
Scenario
89(2)
Sources of the Law: Legislation
91(24)
Introduction
91(1)
Evolution of Legislation
91(1)
The Nature of Legislation
92(2)
The Legislative Process
94(2)
Judicial Invalidation of Legislation
96(1)
Judicial Deference to Legislation
96(3)
Statutory Interpretation
99(7)
Legislative Intent
99(1)
The Plain Meaning Rule
99(1)
Limitations on the Plain Meaning Rule
100(1)
Aids to Statutory Interpretation
101(1)
Strict Construction
101(1)
Legislative History
102(1)
A Caveat on Statutory Interpretation
103(3)
Statute and Precedent
106(1)
Summary
106(1)
Key Terms
107(1)
Chapter Review Questions
107(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
107(1)
Cyber Exercises
107(1)
Review Problem
108(7)
Trial and Appellate Courts
115(76)
The Adversary Process
115(1)
Fact and Law
116(4)
Trials and Trial Courts
120(2)
Jury Instructions
121(1)
Appellate Courts
122(3)
Prejudicial Error
123(2)
Impact of the Appellate System
125(3)
Miscellaneous Judicial Duties
128(63)
The Law of Criminal Procedure
191(30)
The Constitutional Basis of Criminal Procedure
191(8)
Excerpts from the Constitution of the United States
191(1)
Annotations
192(7)
The Exclusionary Rule
199(4)
Plea Bargaining
203(1)
The Steps in Processing a Crime
204(13)
Detection of Crime
205(1)
Arrest and Complaint
206(2)
Initial Appearance
208(1)
Preliminary Hearing
208(1)
Indictment and Information
208(1)
Arraignment
209(1)
Pretrial
210(3)
Trial
213(1)
Sentencing
213(2)
Appeal
215(2)
Habeas Corpus
217(1)
Summary
217(1)
Key Terms
218(1)
Chapter Review Questions
218(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
219(1)
Cyber Exercises
219(1)
Scenario
219(2)
Criminal Law
221(25)
Introduction
221(1)
Criminal Law in Practice
221(1)
Definition
221(1)
Crime and Morality
222(1)
Mala in Se and Mala Prohibita
222(1)
Note on the Model Penal Code
223(1)
Fault
223(1)
Criminal Act and Criminal Intent
224(18)
Criminal Act
224(1)
Criminal Intent
225(17)
The Insanity Defense
242(1)
Summary
242(1)
Key Terms
243(1)
Chapter Review Questions
243(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
244(1)
Cyber Exercises
244(1)
Scenario
244(2)
Torts, Personal Injury, and Compensation
246(33)
Introduction
246(1)
Definition
246(6)
Tort versus Crime
246(1)
Tort versus Contract
247(2)
Elements of Tort
249(1)
Tort Law: An Evolving Field
249(3)
Extraneous Factors Influencing Tort Law
252(5)
The Doctrine of Respondeat Superior (Vicarious Liability)
253(2)
Insurance
255(1)
Contingency Fees
256(1)
Fault
257(3)
Fault and Three Areas of Tort Law
260(8)
Intentional Torts
260(4)
Negligence
264(2)
Strict Liability/Product Liability
266(2)
Damages
268(6)
Punitive (or Exemplary) Damages for Intentional Tort
272(2)
Summary
274(2)
Key Terms
276(1)
Chapter Review Questions
276(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
276(1)
Cyber Exercises
277(1)
Scenario
277(2)
Contracts and Commercial Law
279(29)
Introduction
279(1)
Contract Law in Practice
280(1)
Definition
280(2)
Contract Formation: The Classical Model
282(6)
Offer
282(1)
Acceptance
283(3)
Consideration
286(2)
Limitations on Contract Formation
288(4)
Contract Induced by Misconduct of One of the Parties
289(1)
Mistake
290(1)
Lack of Capacity to Form a Contract
290(2)
Illegality
292(1)
Statute of Frauds
292(1)
Compensatory Damages for Breach of Contract
292(1)
Problems with the Classical Model
293(2)
Fault
294(1)
Deceptive Practices
295(1)
Equitable Remedies
295(3)
Rescission and Reformation
295(2)
Specific Performance
297(1)
Injunctive Relief
297(1)
Liberal Construction of Consideration
298(1)
Moral Obligation and Reliance Theory
298(4)
Moral Obligation: Quasi-Contract
298(1)
Reliance: Promissory Estoppel
299(3)
Failure of the Classical Model
302(1)
The Field of Commercial Law
302(2)
The Uniform Commercial Code
302(1)
Commercial Paper
303(1)
Secured Transactions
303(1)
Business Organizations
304(1)
Summary
304(1)
Key Terms
305(1)
Chapter Review Questions
305(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
306(1)
Cyber Exercises
306(1)
Scenario
306(2)
The Law of Property
308(24)
Introduction
308(1)
Property Is an Abstraction
309(1)
Real Property's ``Bundle of Rights'' Model
310(1)
The Deed
311(3)
Estates in Land
314(7)
Fee Simple Absolute
315(1)
Life Estate
315(2)
Nonfreehold Estates
317(1)
Co-Ownership
318(2)
Implications
320(1)
Liability of Landowners
321(1)
Title
321(4)
Personal Property
322(3)
Estate Planning
325(1)
Wills
325(1)
Trusts
326(1)
Government Regulation of Real Property
326(2)
Eminent Domain
326(1)
Planning and Zoning
327(1)
Summary
328(1)
Key Terms
329(1)
Chapter Review Questions
329(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
330(1)
Cyber Exercises
330(1)
Scenario
330(2)
Family Law
332(25)
Introduction
332(1)
Historical Roots of Family Law
333(1)
Law and Marriage
334(3)
Marriage as Contract
335(1)
Marriage as a Partnership
335(1)
Children
336(1)
Family Law and the Adversarial Process
336(1)
Annulment
337(1)
Void or Voidable?
337(1)
Consequences of Annulment
338(1)
Antenuptial (Premarital) Agreements
338(1)
Postmarital Contracts
339(1)
Divorce: Property Settlements
340(2)
Alimony
342(3)
Child Support
345(2)
Parental Duty to Support
345(1)
Need and Ability to Pay
346(1)
Setting and Enforcing Child Support
346(1)
Child Support Guidelines
347(1)
Interstate Enforcement---URESA
347(1)
Child Custody
347(3)
Historical Overview
348(1)
Best Interests of the Child
348(1)
Modification
349(1)
The Natural Father
350(1)
Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act
350(1)
Adoption
350(3)
The Parties
351(1)
Surrogacy
352(1)
Federal Involvement in Family Law
353(1)
Summary
353(1)
Key Terms
354(1)
Chapter Review Questions
354(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
354(1)
Cyber Exercises
355(1)
Scenario
355(2)
Administrative Law and Procedure
357(21)
Introduction
357(1)
The Field of Administrative Law
357(2)
Substantive Law
355(3)
Procedural Law
358(1)
Administrative Law in Practice
359(1)
Independent Regulatory Agencies
359(2)
Delegation of Legislative Authority
361(1)
Judicial Review of Agency Action
361(5)
Review of Discretionary Acts of Officials
362(3)
Scope of Review
365(1)
Rulemaking
366(1)
The Right to Be Heard
367(4)
What Kind of a Hearing?
370(1)
Administrative Hearings
370(1)
Liability of Government and Its Officers
371(1)
42 U.S.C. § 1983
372(2)
Summary
374(1)
Key Terms
375(1)
Chapter Review Questions
375(1)
Critical Thinking Review Questions
375(1)
Cyber Exercises
376(1)
Scenario
376(2)
Law in the Age of Computers
378(8)
Introduction
378(1)
Computer-Assisted Legal Research
379(1)
Westlaw® and Lexis-Nexis®
379(3)
Who Needs Westlaw® or Lexis®?
382(1)
On-line Services
382(1)
Computer Dangers
383(1)
Commercial Databases
383(1)
Public Access Databases
384(1)
Key Terms
384(1)
Scenario
385(1)
Appendices 386(1)
Appendix A: How to Read a Case 386(12)
Appendix B: The Constitution of the United States of America 398(11)
Glossary 409(23)
Index 432


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